Staggered conformation

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For the geometry of staggered rows, see lattice (group).
Staggered conformation image right in Newman projection
conformational freedom in ethane

In organic chemistry, a staggered conformation is a chemical conformation of an ethane-like moiety abcX-Ydef in which the substituents a,b,and c are at the maximum distance from d,e,and f. This requires the torsion angles to be 60°.[1]

Such a conformation exists in any open chain single chemical bond connecting two sp3 hybridised atoms, and is normally a conformational energy minimum.For some molecules such as those of n-butane, there can be special versions of staggered conformations called gauche and anti; see first Newman projection diagram in Conformational isomerism.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Ernest L. Eliel and Samuel H. Wilen, "Stereochemistry of Organic Compounds", Wiley (1994), p.1207