Staines Rural District
|Staines Rural District|
Staines Rural District within Middlesex in 1911
|Government||Staines Rural District Council|
It was created in 1894 based on the former Staines rural sanitary district. It co-governed with varying degrees of input from the civil parish councils and functions increasingly came to be carried out by the newly created Middlesex County Council from 1888:
- Most of Cranford (approximately 60%)
- East Bedfont
- Stanwell (including until 1990 a very small part of Colnbrook with Poyle).
It was named after Staines, which bordered it to the west, and bordered Sunbury on Thames on two sides. Feltham became an independent urban district in 1904 so for the following 26 years the parish of Hanworth constituted an exclave.
Staines Rural Sanitary District
Sunbury-on-Thames and Staines civil parishes in the former Sanitary District saw the Staines Rural Sanitary District's very slow progress in installing drainage as backward. Indeed the ineffective taxation and implementation of many such bodies was one of the main prompts for members of Parliament supporting the Local Government Act 1894, which introduced a second tier of local government six years after the deemed success of the administrative county introduction in 1888. Rate-raising and well-managed foul sewer and surface water drain construction was swift in the two Urban Districts and in the Rural District from 1894.
Example of constraints
Until 1930 the separation of church and state was gradual in this District as this extract from an account of Stanwell's local government history shows:
[From] 1836 the [Stanwell] vestry continued to meet, generally with the vicar presiding, to elect parish officers and raise rates. Its burial board was formed in 1892 and a cemetery was opened in 1895. In the same year a (civil) parish council of nine members was formed. Contested elections for this were very rare. The longest tenure of the chair was that of Sir Alexander Gibbons in 1922-30. The vicar never sat on the council but often presided at the annual parish meetings. The whole council constituted a burial board and churchyard committee; it also had a finance committee, on which latterly all the members sat. The council was an active one; it intervened with partial success in the negotiations for the building of the reservoirs and was concerned in the provision of allotments in 1918 and of a recreation ground in 1927. Its first complaint about dangerous driving along the London Road was made in 1909. In addition to the overseer, who was unpaid, the council had two salaried assistant overseers, one of whom was also clerk to the council and the other of whom was the rate collector. The council protested against the inclusion of Stanwell in Staines urban district, which nevertheless took place in 1930, so that the council was dissolved.
In 1905 gas street-lighting was provided in Poyle. An annual meeting [its] inhabitants thereafter raised the necessary rates while the parish council administered the lighting. Lighting was given up in 1914 and not resumed until electric lighting was provided for the parish as a whole in 1926.
The district was abolished in 1930. Thereafter the civil parishes of Ashford, Laleham and Stanwell saw their last 36 years as sub-entities of Staines Urban District, equally Littleton and Shepperton joined Sunbury-on-Thames Urban District. East Bedfont and Hanworth joined Feltham Urban District. Cranford and Harlington joined Hayes and Harlington Urban District, and Harmondsworth joined the Yiewsley and West Drayton Urban District.
From 1 April 1965
- the small Stanwell parish quarter of Colnbrook with Poyle: Borough of Slough in Berkshire
- Feltham, Hanworth, Cranford, (East) Bedfont: London Borough of Hounslow in Greater London
- Harlington and Harmondsworth London Borough of Hillingdon
- Remainder: Borough of Spelthorne in Surrey
- William Page (editor) (1925). "The Municipal Borough of Colnbrook and its later history". A History of the County of Buckingham: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- Staines R.D. Vision of Britain
- Susan Reynolds (Editor) (1962). "Staines: Local government". A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- Susan Reynolds (Editor) (1962). "Sunbury: Local government". A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- Susan Reynolds (Editor) (1962). "Stanwell: Local government". A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- London Government Act 1963.