Stainfield

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Stainfield
St.Andrew's church, Stainfield, Lincs. - geograph.org.uk - 73409.jpg
St Andrew's Church, Stainfield
Stainfield is located in Lincolnshire
Stainfield
Stainfield
 Stainfield shown within Lincolnshire
Population 91 (2001)
OS grid reference TF110731
   – London 120 mi (190 km)  S
District West Lindsey
Shire county Lincolnshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town MARKET RASEN
Postcode district LN8
Dialling code 01670
Police Lincolnshire
Fire Lincolnshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament Gainsborough
List of places
UK
England
Lincolnshire

Coordinates: 53°14′38″N 0°20′17″W / 53.243979°N 0.337983°W / 53.243979; -0.337983

This article is about Stainfield, West Lindsey. For Stainfield, South Kesteven, see Stainfield near Bourne.

Stainfield is a village and civil parish about 10 miles (16 km) east of the city of Lincoln, in the West Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England.

St Andrews Church[edit]

The Grade II* listed red brick and limestone parish church is dedicated to Saint Andrew and dates from 1711, mostly rebuilt in the 19th century by James Fowler. The pews and pulpit are 18th-century. Inside are a helmet, gauntlets and sword said to have belonged to the Wild Man of Stainfield.[1]

The Wild Man of Stainfield[edit]

One of Lincolnshire's legends tells of a wild man who lived in the woods near Stainfield. The story appears in Folklore around Horncastle (1915) by Revd James Alpas Penny, who writes that in Stainfield church is the helmet of one of the Twyrwhitts of Stainfield, with the family crest of a wild man with a dagger. He recounts the legend that one Francis Tyrwhitt-Drake was promised all the land in Stainfield if he could kill the wild man who had terrorised the district. As he lay asleep, Drake ran the wild man through with his sword. A variation of this story, set in the 12th century, identifies the wild man as a Stainfield nobleman who had been away fighting in the Crusades for so long that when he returned he found he had been dispossessed. He went on to live in the woods, where he became so dangerous that Drake-Tyrwhitt was forced to kill him. It has been suggested that the story was put about to explain the relics in St Andrews belonging to the Tyrwhitt family, which included tattered cloth hanging from the wall reputed to be the wild man's clothing, and the dagger, gloves, and helmet said to belong to the man who killed him. In fact, the rags were the tattered remnants of the three banners embroidered by the ladies of the Tyrwhitt family, now in the care of the Archives Office in Lincoln.[2] According to another variation on the legend the wildman was killed by a band of farmers incensed that their livestock was being taken and their families terrorised. The farmers, who went on to be known as "The Hardy Gang", trapped and killed the wildman in a wood between Langton and Stainfield.[3]

Priory and Hall[edit]

Stainfield Hall with early-18th century gate pier

Stainfield Priory was a benedictine nunnery founded about 1154.[4] At the Dissolution of the Monasteries the site of Stainfield Priory was given to Sir Robert Tyrwhitt, who built Stainfield Hall on the site.[5] It was rebuilt in 1611 with later additions in the early-18th century and had formal gardens associated with it. After 1760 the house fell into disrepair and was mostly pulled down in 1773. The remaining south front was destroyed by fire in 1855.[5] The present building dates from 1856.[6]

School[edit]

Stainfield CE School opened as a National school in 1817 It became a junior and infant school in 1946, and closed 1971.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "St Andrews, Stainfield". National Heritage List for England22. English Heritage. Retrieved July 2011. 
  2. ^ Sean Mcneaney (February 2005). "The Wild Man of Stainfield" (PDF). Lincolnshire Life. Retrieved 22 July 2011. 
  3. ^ "The Wild Man of Stainfield". Miles Collins. Retrieved 22 July 2011. 
  4. ^ "Stainfield Priory". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 22 July 2011. 
  5. ^ a b Thomas Allen (1834). The history of the county of Lincoln,: from the earliest period to the present time. John Saunders, Jr. p. 64. Retrieved 22 July 2011. 
  6. ^ "Stainfield Hall". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 22 July 2011. 
  7. ^ "Stainfield CE School". Lincs to the Past. Lincolnshire Archives. Retrieved 22 July 2011. 

External links[edit]