Volgograd Oblast

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Volgograd Oblast
Волгоградская область (Russian)
—  Oblast  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Coordinates: 49°44′N 44°07′E / 49.733°N 44.117°E / 49.733; 44.117Coordinates: 49°44′N 44°07′E / 49.733°N 44.117°E / 49.733; 44.117
Political status
Country  Russia
Federal district Southern[1]
Economic region Volga[2]
Established September 23, 1937
Administrative center Volgograd
Government (as of April 2014)
 - Acting Governor Andrey Bocharov[3]
 - Legislature Oblast Duma
Statistics
Area (as of the 2002 Census)[4]
 - Total 113,900 km2 (44,000 sq mi)
Area rank 31st
Population (2010 Census)[5]
 - Total 2,610,161
 - Rank 18th
 - Density[6] 22.92 /km2 (59.4 /sq mi)
 - Urban 76.0%
 - Rural 24.0%
Time zone(s) MSK (UTC+04:00)[7]
ISO 3166-2 RU-VGG
License plates 34
Official languages Russian[8]
Official website

Volgograd Oblast (Russian: Волгогра́дская о́бласть, Volgogradskaya oblast) is a federal subject (an oblast) of Russia. Its administrative center is Volgograd. The population is 2,610,161 (2010 Census).[5]

Geography[edit]

  • Area: 113,900 square kilometers (44,000 sq mi)
  • Borders length: 2,221.9 kilometers (1,380.6 mi)

Volgograd Oblast has borders with Saratov Oblast, Rostov Oblast, Astrakhan Oblast, and Voronezh Oblast, the Republic of Kalmykia, and with Kazakhstan.

It is within the Southern Federal District of Russia.

Main rivers Volgograd has more than 200 rivers and stream. The major ones include:

History[edit]

Much of the right bank of the Volgograd region of modern Russia was part of the Don, the Don area - administrative unit of the Russian Empire, inhabited and ruled by the Don Cossacks on the specific situation. From 1786 officially called the land of the Don Cossacks in 1870-1918 - the area of the Don Cossacks.

Don Soviet Republic[edit]

In 1918, in the ATS created the Don Soviet Republic. In 1920, the area of the Don Cossacks abolished its seven counties included in the Don region, and then in 1924 - in the North Caucasus region, three districts - 2nd Don, Hoper and Ust-Medveditsky - became part of the province Tsaritsyn (Volgograd region). Thus, the Cossack population of the region was divided roughly in half between the two new administrative units of the Soviet Republic.

Tsaritsynskaya province[edit]

Tsaritsynskaya Province (from 1925 - Stalingrad) - administrative-territorial unit of the Russian Federation, which existed in the years 1919-1928. Center - the city of Tsaritsyn (in 1925 renamed Stalingrad). September 1918 by order of the Military Council of the North Caucasus Military District was formed Tsaritsynskaya province, comprising the Tsaritsyno district and part of the county Kamyshinsky Saratov province. April 20, 1919 in the Tsaritsyn province were included in a 2-nd Don and Ust - Medveditsky districts. Decree of the Central Executive Committee on April 4, 1921 in the Tsaritsyn province was included Hopersky District Don region.

Don Region[edit]

Don Region administrative unit of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, which existed from 20 March 1920 to 13 February 1924

Lower Volga region[edit]

Lower Volga region, administrative unit of the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic that existed from 21 May 1928 to 11 June 1928. Formed from: Astrakhan, Stalingrad, Saratov provinces and chastiSamarskoy province. Administrative center - Saratov.

Lower Volga Territory[edit]

Lower Volga region was an administrative unit of the Russian Federation, which existed from June 11, 1928 to January 10, 1934 goda.11 June 1928 converted from the Lower Volga region. Center of the region: from to 1928 to 1932 - Saratov, from 1932 to 1934 - Stalingrad.

Stalingrad edge[edit]

Stalingrad region - an administrative unit of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, which existed from 10 January 1934 to 5 December 1936.Voznik by dividing the Lower Volga region. The administrative center - the city Stalingrad.5 December 1936 converted to the edge of the Stalingrad area and the Kalmyk ASSR Stalingrad area Stalingrad region was formed on the edge of Stalingrad December 5, 1936. Administrative unit of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. Suschestvovavala from 5 December 1936 to 10 November 1961. On this date, the Oblast to renamed Volgograd region as part of the De-stalinization campaign carried during Nikita Khruschev reign. The administrative center - the city of Volgograd (Stalingrad).

In late 2010, several experts said the real possibility of a merger of Volgograd and Astrakhan regions into a single edge of the Lower Volga. In this case, the emphasis is on the Astrakhan region, its potential and the regional elite.

Politics[edit]

Buildng of the Oblast Duma and Oblast Government

During the Soviet period, three persons exercised oblast-level authority:

  1. the first secretary of the Volgograd CPSU Committee (who in reality had the most power)
  2. the chairman of the oblast Soviet (legislative power)
  3. the chairman of the oblast Executive Committee (executive power)

In 1991 the CPSU lost de facto power, and the head of the Oblast administration, and eventually the governor was appointed/elected alongside elected regional parliament.

The Charter of Volgograd Oblast provides the fundamental law of the region. The Legislative Assembly of Volgograd Oblast is the province's standing legislative (representative) body. The Legislative Assembly exercises its authority by passing laws, resolutions, and other legal acts and by supervising the implementation and observance of the laws and other legal acts passed by it. The highest executive body, the Oblast Government, includes territorial executive bodies such as district administrations, committees, and commissions that facilitate development and run the day-to-day matters of the province. The Oblast administration supports the activities of the Governor, who is the highest official and acts as guarantor of the observance of the oblast Charter in accordance with the Constitution of Russia.

Demographics[edit]

Population: 2,610,161 (2010 Census);[5] 2,699,223 (2002 Census);[9] 2,593,944 (1989 Census).[10]

Vital statistics for 2012
  • Births: 30 252 (11.7 per 1000)
  • Deaths: 35 021 (13.5 per 1000) [11]
  • Total fertility rate:[12]

2009 - 1.46 | 2010 - 1.45 | 2011 - 1.44 | 2012 - 1.54 | 2013 - 1.53(e)

Ethnic groups[edit]

(shown are the ethnic groups with a population of more than 7,500 people)

Ethnic group Population (in 2010)[5] Percent
Russians 2,309,253 90
Kazakhs 46,223 1.8
Ukrainians 35,607 1.4
Tatars 24,557 0.9
Armenians 27,846 1.1
Azerbaijani 14,398 0.6
Germans 10,102 0.4
Chechen 9,649 0.4
Belarusians 7,868 0.4
  • 44,541 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.[13]

Religion[edit]


Circle frame.svg

Religion in Volgograd Oblast (2012)[14][15]

  Russian Orthodox (54.5%)
  Unaffiliated Christian (4%)
  Muslim (3%)
  Other Orthodox (2%)
  Spiritual but not religious (18%)
  Atheist (12%)
  Other or undeclared (6.5%)

According to a 2012 official survey[14] 54.5% of the population of Volgograd Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 4% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 2% adheres to other Orthodox Churches, 3% are Muslims. In addition, 18% of the population deems itself to be "spiritual but not religious", 12% is atheist, and 6.5% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.[14]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Government[edit]

Governor of Volgograd Oblast is Anatoliy Brovko (since 2010)

Both the flag and the coat of arms of Volgograd Oblast include an image of The Motherland Calls, an 85 meter tall statue located in Volgograd.

Economics[edit]

Primary branches of economics are agriculture, food production, heavy industry, gas and petroleum refining.

Volga Hydroelectric Station operates on the Volga River.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. ^ Official website of Kremlin. Andrei Bocharov appointed Acting Governor of Volgograd Region
  4. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The density value was calculated by dividing the population reported by the 2010 Census by the area shown in the "Area" field. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox is not necessarily reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ Official on the whole territory of Russia according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  9. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  10. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  11. ^ http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/2012/demo/edn12-12.htm
  12. ^ http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/statistics/publications/catalog/doc_1137674209312
  13. ^ "Перепись-2010: русских становится больше". Perepis-2010.ru. 2011-12-19. Retrieved 2012-08-13. 
  14. ^ a b c Arena - Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia. Sreda.org
  15. ^ 2012 Survey Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 24-09-2012.

External links[edit]

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