Stallings Island

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Stallings Island
Stallings Island is located in Georgia (U.S. state)
Stallings Island
Location Columbia County, Georgia, USA
Nearest city Augusta, Georgia
Coordinates 33°33′39.4″N 82°2′47.4″W / 33.560944°N 82.046500°W / 33.560944; -82.046500Coordinates: 33°33′39.4″N 82°2′47.4″W / 33.560944°N 82.046500°W / 33.560944; -82.046500
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 66000279
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966[1]
Designated NHL January 20, 1961[2]

Stallings Island is an archeological site with shell mounds, located in the Savannah River near Augusta, Georgia, and the namesake for the Stallings culture of the Late Archaic period and for Stallings fiber-tempered pottery, the oldest pottery in North America.

Stallings Island was identified as an archaeological site in 1861, and has been the subject of several scientific excavations, as well as extensive unauthorized looting. The island was acquired by the Archaeological Conservancy in 1998. Stallings Island was occupied from about 4600 to about 4000 radiocarbon years before present (rcybp), and again from about 3800 rcybp to 3400 rcybp. The site was occupied during the first period by people of the Paris Island (ca. 4500-4200 rcybp) and Mill Branch (ca. 4200-3800 rcybp) phases, pre-ceramic traditions that harvested large numbers of freshwater mussels. During the second period the site was occupied by people of the Classic Stallings culture, who used decorated pottery. The earliest, undecorated, Stallings ceramics first appeared at other sites while Stallings Island itself was unoccupied.[3]

The site was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1961.[2][4] Stallings Island Middle School in Martinez, GA was named after this site.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ a b "Stallings Island". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
  3. ^ Sassaman, Blessing, and Randall:539, 540, 551
  4. ^ Note: A National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination document should be available upon request from the National Park Service for this site (perhaps redacted to remove location information), but it appears not to be available on-line from the NPS Focus search site.

External links[edit]