Stallings Island was identified as an archaeological site in 1861, and has been the subject of several scientific excavations, as well as extensive unauthorized looting. The island was acquired by the Archaeological Conservancy in 1998. Stallings Island was occupied from about 4600 to about 4000 radiocarbon years before present (rcybp), and again from about 3800 rcybp to 3400 rcybp. The site was occupied during the first period by people of the Paris Island (ca. 4500-4200 rcybp) and Mill Branch (ca. 4200-3800 rcybp) phases, pre-ceramic traditions that harvested large numbers of freshwater mussels. During the second period the site was occupied by people of the Classic Stallings culture, who used decorated pottery. The earliest, undecorated, Stallings ceramics first appeared at other sites while Stallings Island itself was unoccupied.
^Note: A National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination document should be available upon request from the National Park Service for this site (perhaps redacted to remove location information), but it appears not to be available on-line from the NPS Focus search site.