Stalybridge and Hyde (UK Parliament constituency)

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Stalybridge and Hyde
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Stalybridge and Hyde in Greater Manchester.
Outline map
Location of Greater Manchester within England.
County Greater Manchester
Electorate 70,691 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Hyde, Mossley, Stalybridge
Current constituency
Created 1918
Member of Parliament Jonny Reynolds (Labour Co-op)
Number of members One
Created from Stalybridge, Hyde and Mossley
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North West England

Stalybridge and Hyde is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Jonny Reynolds, a member of the Labour Party and the Cooperative Party.[n 2]

History[edit]

The seat was created under the Representation of the People Act 1918. During its first 37 years it was held by Conservatives for 34 of these, and for the other three years by the other two main parties, the Liberal Party and the Labour Party. In 1945 the seat was won by Rev. Gordon Lang who was honorary secretary of the United Europe Movement and a leading member of the Proportional Representation Society but who retired on ill health in 1951.

The area is a safe seat for Labour, which has held it since the 1945 general election. James Purnell, a former 10 Downing Street special advisor, who was first elected at the 2001 general election resigned his cabinet position as Work and Pensions Secretary on 4 June 2009, citing concerns over Prime Minister Gordon Brown's leadership. On 19 February 2010, he announced that he would not contest the 2010 election.[2] Senior Labour Party officials were concerned that Unite was strategically attempting to have Peter Wheeler, a senior Unite official, selected as the Labour candidate, as one of a series of seats, leading to the National Executive Committee putting forward Jonny Reynolds on the selection shortlist who, as widely expected, won the election.[3]

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency covers the areas of the former municipal boroughs of Stalybridge, Hyde and Mossley, as well as the former urban districts of Hollingworth and Mottram in Longdendale. Until 1997 it also included the area of the former municipal borough of Dukinfield, most of which since that date mostly forms part of the Denton and Reddish constituency.

It is made up of the following electoral wards, almost completely unchanged from the 1983 general election.[4]

Constituency profile[edit]

The constituency lies on the lower slopes of the Pennines and beginning of the plain below, on the cusp of Greater Manchester and has three broad settlements, the largest of which are Hyde which is bisected by the River Tame and Peak Forest Canal, and Stalybridge which similarly has several parks and recreation grounds and leads up the Tame Valley to Mossley. The geographic features include the footpaths from both towns on neighbouring promontories, Harridge and Wild Bank. Stamford Golf Club and Wernleth Low Country Park are in the seat.[6]

The area has been susceptible to a major downturn in all but the most affluent and productive areas and workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 higher than the national average of 3.8%, and regional average of 4.4%, at 5.0% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.[7]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[8] Party
1918 Sir John Wood, Bt Conservative
1922 John Phillips Rhodes Conservative
1923 John Lincoln Tattersall Liberal
1924 Edmund Walter Hanbury Wood Conservative
1929 Hugh Hartley Lawrie Labour
1931 Sydney Hope Conservative
1935 Philip Russell Rendel Dunne Conservative
1937 by-election Horace Trevor-Cox Conservative
1945 Gordon Lang Labour
1951 Fred Blackburn Labour
1970 Tom Pendry Labour
2001 James Purnell Labour
2010 Jonathan Reynolds Labour Co-op

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Stalybridge and Hyde[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Jonathan Reynolds 16,189 39.6 −10.1
Conservative Rob Adlard 13,445 32.9 +6.8
Liberal Democrat John Potter 6,965 17.0 +1.4
BNP Anthony Jones 2,259 5.5 +1.6
UKIP John Cooke 1,342 3.3 +1.6
Green Ruth Bergan 679 1.7 −1.4
Majority 2,744 6.7
Turnout 40,879 59.2 +5.3
Labour Co-op hold Swing −8.5

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Stalybridge and Hyde
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour James Purnell 17,535 49.7 −5.8
Conservative Lisa Boardman 9,187 26.0 −1.8
Liberal Democrat Viv Bingham 5,532 15.7 +2.2
BNP Nigel Byrne 1,399 4.0 +4.0
Green Mike Smee 1,088 3.1 +3.1
UKIP John Whittaker 573 1.6 −1.5
Majority 8,348 23.7
Turnout 35,314 53.5 +5.1
Labour hold Swing −2.0
General Election 2001: Stalybridge and Hyde
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour James Purnell 17,781 55.5 −3.4
Conservative Andrew R. Reid 8,922 27.8 +3.3
Liberal Democrat Brendon Jones 4,327 13.5 +1.5
UKIP Frank Bennett 1,016 3.2 N/A
Majority 8,859 27.7
Turnout 32,046 48.4 −17.3
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Stalybridge and Hyde
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Tom Pendry 25,363 58.9
Conservative Nick de Bois 10,557 24.5
Liberal Democrat Martin Cross 5,169 12.0
Referendum Party Robert J.D. Clapham 1,992 4.6 N/A
Majority 14,806 34.4
Turnout 43,081 65.7 −7.8
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1992: Stalybridge and Hyde[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Tom Pendry 26,207 52.3 +3.9
Conservative Simon R. Mort 17,376 34.7 −2.5
Liberal Democrat Ian M. Kirk 4,740 9.5 −5.0
Liberal Robert G.J. Powell 1,199 2.4 N/A
Monster Raving Loony Darren J. Poyzer 337 0.7 N/A
Natural Law Edward J. Blomfield 238 0.5 N/A
Majority 8,831 17.6 +6.4
Turnout 50,097 73.5 −0.7
Labour hold Swing +3.2

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Stalybridge and Hyde
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Tom Pendry 24,401 48.37
Conservative RN Greenwood 18,738 37.14
Social Democrat PJ Ashenden 7,311 14.49
Majority 5,663 11.22
Turnout 74.21
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Stalybridge and Hyde
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Tom Pendry 21,798 45.54
Conservative B Silvester 17,436 36.43
Liberal J Hughes 8,339 17.42
National Front B Nylan 294 0.61
Majority 4,362 9.11
Turnout 70.48
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Stalybridge and Hyde
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Tom Pendry 27,082 51.86
Conservative J Kershaw 20,502 39.26
Liberal J Pickup 4,642 8.89
Majority 6,580 12.60
Turnout 77.06
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Stalybridge and Hyde
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Tom Pendry 25,161 51.76
Conservative S Burgoyne 15,404 31.69
Liberal DF Burden 7,725 15.89
Independent G Tetler 318 0.65
Majority 9,757 20.07
Turnout 73.22
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Stalybridge and Hyde
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Tom Pendry 24,922 47.36
Conservative SM Swerling 16,854 32.03
Independent Liberal H White 10,850 20.62
Majority 8,068 15.33
Turnout 79.94
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1970: Stalybridge and Hyde
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Tom Pendry 22,226 47.38
Conservative JE Rogerson 19,377 41.31
Liberal R Cooke 5,303 11.31
Majority 2,849 6.07
Turnout 73.40
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Stalybridge and Hyde
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Fred Blackburn 23,974 56.91
Conservative JE Rogerson 18,153 43.09
Majority 5,821 13.82
Turnout 73.56
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Stalybridge and Hyde
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Fred Blackburn 23,164 53.99
Conservative SB Chapman 19,739 46.01
Majority 3,425 7.98
Turnout 78.59
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Stalybridge and Hyde
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Fred Blackburn 23,732 51.55
Conservative EJ Brown 22,309 48.45
Majority 1,423 3.09
Turnout 83.43
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Stalybridge and Hyde
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Fred Blackburn 23,617 50.16
Conservative IW Owen 23,462 49.84
Majority 155 0.33
Turnout 83.53
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Stalybridge and Hyde
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Fred Blackburn 25,402 50.30
Conservative D Glover 25,104 49.70
Majority 298 0.59
Turnout 87.45
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: Stalybridge and Hyde
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Rev. Gordon Lang 23,462 46.55
Conservative D Glover 21,619 42.89
Liberal Donald Fletcher Burden 4,930 9.78
Communist DP Herrick 389 0.77
Majority 1,843 3.66
Turnout 87.72
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945

Electorate 57,086

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Rev. Gordon Lang 20,597 44.71
Conservative Capt. Horace Brimson Trevor-Cox 16,227 35.23
Liberal Donald Fletcher Burden 9,240
Majority 4,370 9.49
Turnout 80.69
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

General Election 1939/40: Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected; Conservative: Horace Trevor-Cox, Labour: Rev. Gordon Lang.

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

Stalybridge and Hyde by-election, 1937

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Horace Brimson Trevor Cox 21,901
Labour Rev. Gordon Lang 21,567
Majority 334
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1935

Electorate 58,380

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Philip Russell Rendel Dunne 25,502 55.53
Labour R W Casasola 20,421 44.47
Majority 5,081 11.06
Turnout 78.66
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931

Electorate 57,286

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sydney Hope 27,557 54.4 +18.1
Labour William Dobbie 14,251 28.1
Liberal Percy Herbert Jones 8,849 17.5
Majority 13,306 26.3
Turnout 86.9 +0.5
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929

Electorate 57,286

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Hugh Hartley Lawrie 20,343 41.1
Unionist Edmund Walter Hanbury Wood 17,983 36.3
Liberal Percy Herbert Jones 11,186 22.6
Majority 2,360 4.8
Turnout 86.4
Labour gain from Unionist Swing
General Election 1924

Electorate 44,175

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Edmund Walter Hanbury Wood 16,412 44.2
Labour Walter Fowden 12,509 33.7
Liberal John Lincoln Tattersall 8,201 22.1
Majority 3,903 10.5
Turnout 84.0
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1923

Electorate 44,045

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Lincoln Tattersall 17,082 53.7
Unionist John Phillips Rhodes 14,708 46.3
Majority 2,374 7.4
Turnout 72.2
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing
General Election 1922

Electorate 43,208

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist John Phillips Rhodes 17,216 49.1
Liberal John Lincoln Tattersall 10,265 29.3
Labour Percy Horace Ward 7,578 21.6
Majority 6,951 19.8
Turnout 81.1 +21.1
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918

Electorate 43,711

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir John Wood 13,462 51.4
Labour Walter Fowden 6,508 24.8
Liberal Thomas Owen Jacobsen 6,241 23.8
Majority 6,954 26.6
Turnout 60.0
Unionist hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ This is only the easternmost part of Dukinfield, which is primarily in Denton and Reddish
References

Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Webster, Philip (20 February 2010). "James Purnell quits Parliament for a 'normal life'". The Times (London). 
  3. ^ Wintour, Patrick (16 March 2010). "No 10 acts over 'secret' Unite plan to fill safe seats". The Guardian (London). 
  4. ^ Crewe, Ivor (1983). British Parliamentary Constituencies - a statistical compendium. faber and faber. ISBN 0-571-13236-7. 
  5. ^ 2010 post-revision map Greater London and metropolitan areas of England
  6. ^ 146655 Tameside on OpenStreetMap
  7. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  8. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 4)[self-published source][better source needed]
  9. ^ Stalybridge and Hyde result, BBC News, 7 May 2010
  10. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 

Coordinates: 53°28′N 2°04′W / 53.46°N 2.06°W / 53.46; -2.06