Stan Franklin

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Stan Franklin

Stan Franklin (born August 14, 1931) is an American scientist and W. Harry Feinstone Interdisciplinary Research Professor at the University of Memphis, TN and co-director of the Institute of Intelligent Systems.[1] He is the author of Artificial Minds (MIT Press, 1995)[2] and mental father of IDA and its successor LIDA, both computational implementations of Global Workspace Theory. He is founder of the Cognitive Computing Research Group at the University of Memphis.

Life and work[edit]

Stan was born in Memphis, Tennessee in 1931. His graduate degrees are from UCLA, his undergraduate degree from the University of Memphis.

He has lived in Cherry Point, North Carolina, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Los Angeles, California, and Kanpur, India, and has been on the faculty of the University of Florida, Indian Institute of Technology at Kanpur,Carnegie Mellon University, and the University of Memphis.

A mathematician turned computer scientist turning cognitive scientist, Franklin's research is motivated by wanting to know how minds work—human minds, animal minds and, particularly, artificial minds.

For some years he’s worked on “conscious” software agents, that is, autonomous agents modeling the global workspace theory of consciousness. These agents computationally model human and animal cognition, and provide testable hypotheses for cognitive scientists and neuroscientists. This endeavor, funded by the US Navy, has been the subject of some sixty papers in scientific journals and conference proceedings.


He has authored or co-authored numerous academic papers as well as a book entitled Artificial Minds published by MIT Press, which was a primary selection of the Library of Science book club, and has been translated into Japanese and Portuguese.

  • Franklin, S., Strain, S., Snaider, J., McCall, R., & Faghihi, U. (2012). Global Workspace Theory, its LIDA Model and the Underlying Neuroscience. Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures, 1, 32-43, doi: 10.1016/j.bica.2012.04.001
  • D'Mello, Sidney K., & Franklin, S. (2011). A Cognitive Model's View of Animal Cognition. Current Zoology, 54(4), 499-512.
  • Wallach, W., Franklin, S., & Allen, C. (2010). A Conceptual and Computational Model of Moral Decision Making in Human and Artificial Agents. In W. Wallach & S. Franklin (Eds.), Topics in Cognitive Science, special issue on Cognitive Based Theories of Moral Decision Making. pp. 454-485 Cognitive Science Society.
  • Baars, B. J., & Franklin, S. (2009). Consciousness is computational: The LIDA model of Global Workspace Theory. International Journal of Machine Consciousness, 1(1), 23-32.
  • Franklin, S. (2007). A Foundational Architecture for Artificial General Intelligence. In B. Goertzel & P. Wang (Eds.), Advances in Artificial General Intelligence: Concepts, Architectures and Algorithms, Proceedings of the AGI Workshop 2006 (pp. 36–54). Amsterdam: IOS Press.
  • Franklin, S., & Ramamurthy, U. (2006). Motivations, Values and Emotions: Three sides of the same coin. Proceedings of the Sixth International Workshop on Epigenetic Robotics (Vol. 128, pp. 41–48). Paris, France: Lund University Cognitive Studies.
  • Franklin, S. 2005. A "Consciousness" Based Architecture for a Functioning Mind. In Visions of Mind, ed. D. N. Davis. Hershey, PA: Information Science Publishing.
  • Franklin, S, B J Baars, U Ramamurthy, and Matthew Ventura. 2005. The role of consciousness in memory. Brains, Minds and Media 1: 1–38, pdf.
  • Baars, Bernard J and Stan Franklin. 2003. How conscious experience and working memory interact. Trends in Cognitive Science 7: 166–172.
  • Franklin, Stan (2003), 'IDA: A Conscious Artifact?' in Machine Consciousness, ed. Owen Holland (Exeter, UK: Imprint Academic).


  1. ^ (1 February 2004). U of M seeks $50 million NSF grant, Memphis Business Journal
  2. ^ Holland, Owen Machine Consciousness, p. vi-vii (2003) (short biographical paragraph in Contributors section)

External links[edit]