|Date of birth:||June 15, 1892|
|Place of birth:||Syracuse, New York|
|Date of death:||November 27, 1916(aged 24)|
|Place of death:||Newark, New Jersey|
Stanley Bagg "Bags" Pennock (June 15, 1892 – November 27, 1916) was an American football player. He was selected as a first-team All-American at the guard position three consecutive years while leading Harvard University to three undefeated seasons from 1912 to 1914. He was killed in 1916 in an explosion at a chemical plant in New Jersey. He was posthumously elected to the College Football Hall of Fame in 1954.
A native of Syracuse, New York, Pennock was the son of John D. Pennock, the general manager of the Solvay Process Company. He attended the Hackley School at Tarrytown, New York, before enrolling at Harvard University.
Pennock helped to provide Harvard with one of the most aggressive defenses in Eastern football. During Hardwick's three years as a starter for Harvard, Pennock developed a reputation as "one of the best linemen that ever played under the old or the new rules." Harvard's football team did not lose a single game while Pennock played in its line, compiling records of 9–0 in 1912, 9–0 in 1913, and 7–0–2 in 1914. Harvard was the national football champion in each of Pennock's three seasons, out-scoring the competition, 588-61. In helping Harvard win three straight national championships, Pennock was also selected as a first-team All-American in all three years by Walter Camp. As a senior in 1914, Pennock was selected as a first-team All-American by 25 of 26 selectors, including Collier's Weekly (selected by Walter Camp), Vanity Fair (selected based on the votes of 175 newspapermen), Walter Eckersall of the Chicago Tribune, and the New York Herald.
Career in chemistry
After graduating from Harvard, Pennock became a chemist. In the fall of 1915, he attended post-graduate courses at Harvard's chemical laboratories. He entered into a business partnership with two other Harvard graduates, James Bryant Conant and Chauncey Loomis, and formed the LPC Laboratories. Pennock and his partners opened a plant in a one-story building in the Queens section of New York, at which they manufactured chemicals that were selling at high prices due to interruption of imports from Germany during World War I. The New York plant was destroyed by a fire, and the partners immediately opened a new plant in an abandoned slaughterhouse in Newark, New Jersey.
Death and tributes
Two weeks after the Newark plant opened, Pennock was killed in an explosion which wrecked the facility. Two other workers were killed in the explosion, which was believed to have been caused by gasoline stored at the plant. At his funeral, six of his Harvard teammates, including his former roommate Charles Brickley, carried his body to the grave at Oakwood Cemetery in Syracuse. His fellow lineman Walter Trumbull spoke at the funeral and reflected on Pennock's life:
"Stan was a true man. He lacked nothing in virtues and he was everything a man should be. When in college we looked to 'Stan' as one to whom we might tell our troubles. We confided everything to him and he was ever able to make us see life in a different light. And Stan was possessed of great abilities. The most striking feature of it all was, that he was unconscious of what he really was. His Christian qualities will always remain in our minds and we will think of him forever as the great friend he was."
Following Pennock's death, the Boston Globe published a tribute which included the following observations:
"'Stan' Pennock always will be remembered not only as one of Harvard's greatest guards, but as one of the highest types of young manhood that ever has been connected with Harvard football. His name will be remembered with those of the late Marshall Newell and Francis Burr. ... Although active in athletics at Harvard and in college days, Stanley Pennock was always a high stand man of his classes."
In 1917, Pennock's father presented Harvard with a gift to establish the Stanley Bagg Pennock Scholarship to be awarded to an indigent senior student specializing in chemistry and intending to pursue a career as a chemist.
- "Explosion Kills Stanley Pennock in Newark Plant: News of Death Received by Family in This City Last Night; Famous Football Star; Victim Killed With His Partner in New Jersey Plant of Business He Had Established Short Time Ago — Son of John D. Pennock". The Syracuse Herald. 1916-11-28.
- Bob (1916-12-01). "On the Sports Firing Line". The Syracuse Herald (reprinted from the Boston Globe).
- "Stan "Bags" Pennock profile". College Football Hall of Fame.
- "American Gridiron Lights Are Chosen: Camp Picks One Western Man on All-Star Team". The Indianapolis Star. 1912-12-03.
- "Camp Picks All-American Eleven: 2 Western Men on All-America Football Team". The Indianapolis Star. 1913-12-14.
- "Walter Camp’s Three All-American Elevens". The Syracuse Herald. 1914-12-13.
- "Spiegel Gets Place on Star Grid Eleven". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 1914-11-22.
- "Eckersall Names All-Stars: Eckersall Names One Western Man; Maulbetsch of Michigan on All-American". Waterloo Evening Courier. 1914-12-07.
- "JAMES P. SINNOT PUTS TOOHEY ON HIS ALL-AMERICAN ELEVEN". New Brunswick Times. 1914-12-01.
- "A Sad Death Record". The Syracuse Herald. 1916-11-29.
- Jerome Karabel (2005). The Chosen: The Hidden History of Admission and Exclusion at Harvard, Yale and Princeton. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 145. ISBN 978-0-618-57458-2.
- "Pennock Funeral: Young Man Killed in New Jersey to Be Buried Friday". The Syracuse Herald. 1916-11-29.
- "College Friends Pay Tribute to Pennock: Harvard Men Are Bearers and Walter Trumbull Speaks at Services". The Syracuse Herald. 1916-12-01.
- "Stanley Pennock Scholarship". Harvard Alumni Bulletin. 1917. p. 118.