Stand Up (Jethro Tull album)

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Stand Up
Studio album by Jethro Tull
Released September 1969
Recorded April–May, August 1969 at Morgan Studios, London, also Olympic Studios on 24 April 1969
Genre Blues rock, folk rock
Length 37:48
51:07 (with bonus tracks)
Label Island, Reprise
Producer Ian Anderson and Terry Ellis
Jethro Tull chronology
This Was
(1968)
Stand Up
(1969)
Benefit
(1970)
Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 3.5/5 stars[1]
Rolling Stone 4/5 stars[2]
Disc and Music Echo (Very favourable)[3]
Robert Christgau B−[4]
Sputnik Music 4/5[5]

Stand Up is the second album by Jethro Tull; it quickly went to number 1 in the UK while a single, "Sweet Dream", rose to number 5.[6]

Before Stand Up, the band's original guitarist Mick Abrahams resigned because of musical differences with Ian Anderson; Abrahams wanted to stay with the blues-rock sound of This Was, while Anderson wished to add other musical influences such as folk rock. The result was an eclectic album with various styles appearing in its songs, yet an album which remained broadly in the blues rock mould, which would be the last such album from Jethro Tull.

Production[edit]

The design of the album started with a visit to New Haven, Connecticut, during a concert tour in late February 1969. Under the direction of producer Terry Ellis, the band met a woodcarver named James Grashow who followed them for a week in order to properly represent them in wood.[7] The resulting gatefold album cover, in a woodcut style designed by Grashow, originally opened up like a children's pop-up book, so that a cut-out of the band's personnel stood up—evoking the album's title. Stand Up won New Musical Express's award for best album artwork in 1969.

Stand Up represents the first album project on which Anderson was in full control of the music and lyrics. It also marks the first appearance of guitarist Martin Barre, who appeared on every Jethro Tull album from this point on.

The band began recording the album on 17 April 1969, starting with "A New Day Yesterday", "Back to the Family", "Fat Man", "Jeffrey Goes to Leicester Square" (referring to Anderson's schoolmate Jeffrey Hammond), "Nothing Is Easy", and "Bourée". Most of the songs were recorded at Morgan Studios in North London, but "Bourée" was recorded at Olympic Studios in South London because Morgan Studios was already booked for 24 April. The general routine was that the band would arrive at the studio at 9 am to work on one or two songs which would be finished by 4 or 5 pm.[7] Recording engineer Andy Johns tried some new techniques, for instance on "A New Day Yesterday" he achieved a swirling, stereo-shifting guitar effect by swinging an expensive Neumann U67 microphone on its cable in wide circles around the studio.[8] The song "Bourée" proved the most difficult session, with Anderson and the band unsatisfied with any of the takes they recorded. The final version was compiled later from several takes, with more touches added by Anderson.[9][10]

Two more songs were recorded on 1 May 1969: "For A Thousand Mothers" and "We Used to Know".[11] In August, the band returned to the studio to finish the record.[8]

Styles[edit]

The song "Fat Man" shows an interest in unusual instrumentation, as Ian Anderson played mandolin, one of the first times the instrument had been used by a rock band. The instrumental "Bourée" (one of Jethro Tull's popular concert pieces) is a jazzy re-working of "Bourrée in E minor" by Johann Sebastian Bach. Ian Anderson has said that the melody and solo in "We Used to Know" were used by the Eagles in "Hotel California" as a type of tribute. The Eagles had opened for Jethro Tull at one time.

Critical reception[edit]

The Rolling Stone review was quite positive, stating that the album "has a fairly low raunch quotient, true to form, but it is quite marvelous... As I've said, the album is not really funky; rather, it is a meticulously crafted work (no sterility implied) which deserves careful listening. At a time when many of the established stars are faltering, it is a particular pleasure to hear an important new voice."[12] Robert Christgau was direct in his critique: "People who like the group think this is a great album. I don't like the group. I think it is an adequate album."[13] AllMusic review was positive, saying that the band had "solidified their sound" with the album, bringing an "English folk music" influence to several of the songs, atop an overall blues rock foundation.[14]

Releases[edit]

The album was re-issued in 1973 by Chrysalis Records.

In 1989, an MFSL remaster was released.

Again the album was re-issued in 2001 as a digital remaster.

The album was reissued on 5 Oct 2010 as a deluxe edition including six bonus tracks on disc one, and two additional discs: a disc of live material recorded at Carnegie Hall on 4 November 1970, and a disc with a DTS surround mix.

Track listing[edit]

Standard (CD and LP version)
(1973 cassette version has same track order, but on opposite sides.)[15][16]

All songs written by Ian Anderson unless otherwise indicated.

Side one
No. Title Length
1. "A New Day Yesterday"   4:10
2. "Jeffrey Goes to Leicester Square"   2:12
3. "Bourée" (instrumental, J. S. Bach arr. Anderson) 3:46
4. "Back to the Family"   3:48
5. "Look into the Sun"   4:20
Side two
No. Title Length
6. "Nothing is Easy"   4:25
7. "Fat Man"   2:52
8. "We Used to Know"   4:00
9. "Reasons for Waiting"   4:05
10. "For a Thousand Mothers"   4:13

2010 Deluxe Edition[edit]

Chart positions[edit]

The album reached No. 1 on the British charts, also selling well in the United States, where it reached No. 20. In the Norwegian charts (where the band toured along with Jimi Hendrix), the album was the first to chart there, at No. 5.

Chart Year Peak
position
UK Albums Chart[17] 1969 1
Preceded by
According to My Heart by Jim Reeves
UK Albums Chart number-one album
9 August 1969 – 30 August 1969
Succeeded by
From Elvis in Memphis
by Elvis Presley
Preceded by
From Elvis in Memphis
by Elvis Presley
UK Albums Chart number-one album
6 September 1969 – 20 September 1969
Succeeded by
Blind Faith by Blind Faith

Personnel[edit]

Additional personnel

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Stand Up". Allmusic. Retrieved 7 January 2012. 
  2. ^ http://www.rollingstone.com/music/albumreviews/stand-up-19691213
  3. ^ 2 August 1969
  4. ^ "CG: jethro tull". Robert Christgau. Retrieved 7 January 2012. 
  5. ^ http://www.sputnikmusic.com/review/38416/Jethro-Tull-Stand-Up/
  6. ^ Rabey, Brian (2013). A Passion Play: The Story Of Ian Anderson & Jethro Tull. Soundcheck Books. p. 57. ISBN 9780957144248. 
  7. ^ a b Rabey 2013, p. 52.
  8. ^ a b Nollen, Scott Allen (2001). Jethro Tull: A History of the Band, 1968–2001. McFarland. p. 44. ISBN 9780786411016. 
  9. ^ Nollen 2001, p. 48.
  10. ^ Rabey 2013, pp. 52–3.
  11. ^ Rabey 2013, p. 53.
  12. ^ http://www.rollingstone.com/music/albumreviews/stand-up-19691213
  13. ^ http://robertchristgau.com/get_artist.php?name=jethro+tull
  14. ^ http://www.allmusic.com/album/stand-up-mw0000190387
  15. ^ "Jethro Tull – Stand Up Cassette". Amazon.com. Retrieved 13 December 2012. 
  16. ^ http://www.discogs.com/release/4104773
  17. ^ "Chart Stats – Jethro Tull – Stand Up". chartstats.com. Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 6 June 2011. 
  18. ^ "Glenn Cornick interview about Jethro Tull, Wild Turkey". Klemen Breznikar. Retrieved 13 December 2011.