Standard Ten

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A 1934 Standard 10/12 Speedline

The Standard Ten was a small car produced by the British Standard Motor Company (discontinuously) from 1906 to 1961.

The name was first used in 1906 as the 10 hp, with a 631 cc 2-cylinder side-valve engine. It was re-used from 1934 to 1936 and again for the "Flying 10" launched in 1937, and produced until the outbreak of World War II. The name originally was a reference to the car's fiscal horsepower, in turn a function of the surface area of the pistons, and never a direct measure of the power produced by the engine. Like other manufacturers, Standard continued to use the name to define the approximate size of their 'Ten' model long after the origins of the name had, in Britain, become inapplicable.

The Ten and its up-market sibling, the Pennant, were replaced by the Triumph Herald in 1961.

Flying Ten[edit]

Standard Flying Ten
Overview
Production 1937–1940
production – not available
Body and chassis
Body style saloon
Powertrain
Engine 1267 cc Straight-4
Transmission Three speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 90 in (2,286 mm)[1]
Length 152 in (3,861 mm)[1]
Width 56 in (1,422 mm)[1]

The Flying Ten was a replacement for the earlier Ten with the semi-streamlined look of the Standard Flying range. The side-valve 1267 cc long stroke (100 mm) engine had a single Zenith carburettor and could produce 33 bhp (25 kW) at 4000 rpm.[1] Drive was to the rear wheels through a 3-speed synchromesh gearbox. The suspension was conventional at first with a solid front axle but this was upgraded to an independent set-up at the front with a transverse leaf spring in 1939. A top speed of around 65 mph (105 km/h) was attainable. Brakes were cable operated using the Bendix system. In early 1941, 150 four-doors were built for the military, after civilian production had ceased.

A sportier version, the Light Flying Ten was also made.

Standard Ten[edit]

Standard Ten
Standard 10 1954.jpg
Overview
Also called Standard Companion
Standard 6 cwt [2]
Standard Vanguard Junior
Triumph TR-10
Production 1954–1960
172,500 made [3]
Assembly United Kingdom
Australia [4]
India
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door saloon
4-door estate car
2-door coupe utility [2]
2-door panel van [2]
Powertrain
Engine 948 cc Straight-4 ohv
Transmission Four speed manual
optional overdrive
Dimensions
Wheelbase 84 inches (2134 mm) [1]
Length 144 inches (3658 mm) [1]
Width 60 inches (1524 mm) [1]
Height 60 in (1,500 mm)[5]

In 1954 the Ten was introduced as a larger-engined (and less basic) version of the Standard Eight, though sharing a similar frame and transmission. Overdrive (from March 1957) or a temperamental semi-automatic were available as options. An estate (station wagon) version, the Companion was launched in 1955. It was among the first small British estate cars to have rear-passenger doors (like the saloon, and unlike its rivals such as the Ford Squire and Hillman Husky which used the two-door "van" arrangement).

A small number of left-hand-drive Tens were exported to the USA and sold as the Triumph TR-10. On these, the two-tone colour arrangement normally reserved for the Pennant was available (though this export model was not tailfinned).

A Ten saloon tested by the British magazine The Motor in 1954 had a top speed of 69.0 mph (111.0 km/h) and could accelerate from 0-60 mph (97 km/h) in 38.3 seconds. A fuel consumption of 34.4 miles per imperial gallon (8.2 L/100 km; 28.6 mpg-US) was recorded. The test car cost £580 including taxes.[6]

In 1955, supported by an inscrutable handicapping régime favouring small cars, a factory-prepared Standard Ten, driven by Jimmy Ray and Brian Horrocks, won the UK's RAC Rally.[7]

For the United States export market the car was badged as the Triumph Ten and in Scandinavia it was sold as the Standard Vanguard Junior. In Australia the Ten was known as the Cadet.[8]

A Scandinavian Standard Ten badged as the Vanguard Junior

Standard Pennant[edit]

Standard Pennant
Standard Pennant.jpg
Overview
Production 1957–1960
42,910 made [3]
Body and chassis
Body style saloon, estate
Powertrain
Engine 948 cc Straight-4
Transmission Four speed manual
optional overdrive
Dimensions
Wheelbase 84 in (2,100 mm) [1]
Length 144 in (3,700 mm)[1]
Width 60 in (1,500 mm) [1]
Height 60 in (1,500 mm)[9]

A tail-finned (with optional two-tone paint schemes) version of the Ten, the Standard Pennant was launched in 1957. Engine power was increased to 37 bhp[3] and an overdrive gearbox was offered as an option. other options included a radio, heater, leather upholstery and clutchless 2-pedal control. Indian-produced Pennants were branded as "Standard 10", and lacked any bootlid trim other than the branding.

A Pennant tested by British magazine The Motor in 1958 had a top speed of 70.2 mph (113.0 km/h) and could accelerate from 0-60 mph (97 km/h) in 35.3 seconds. A fuel consumption of 40.2 miles per imperial gallon (7.03 L/100 km; 33.5 mpg-US) was recorded. The test car cost £728 including taxes of £243.[9]

A 1957 Pennant

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Culshaw; Horrobin (1974). Complete Catalogue of British Cars. London: Macmillan. ISBN 0-333-16689-2. 
  2. ^ a b c British commercial brochures Retrieved on 28 October 2011
  3. ^ a b c Robson, G. (2006). A-Z of British Cars 1945–1980. Devon, UK: Herridge Books. ISBN 0-9541063-9-3. 
  4. ^ Australian Motor Industries (AMI) The Start Retrieved on 30 March 2012
  5. ^ "Second Hand car guide supplement". Practical Motorist. 6 Nbr 68: between pages 768 & 769. April 1960. 
  6. ^ "The Standard Ten". The Motor. 4 August 1954. 
  7. ^ "XK to Escort – 25 years of RAC Rallies". Autocar. 147 (nbr 4228): pages 40–41. 19 November 1977. 
  8. ^ Standard 8's and 10's Page Retrieved from www.standardmotorclub.org.uk on 23 February 2009
  9. ^ a b "The Standard Pennant". The Motor. 10 September 1958. 

External links[edit]