Standing Royal Navy deployments

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Standing Royal Navy deployments is a list of operations and commitments undertaken by the United Kingdom's Royal Navy on a worldwide basis.[1] The following list details these commitments and deployments sorted by region and in alphabetical order. Routine deployments made by the Navy's nuclear-powered submarines and their location of operations is classified.

Atlantic[edit]

Antarctic Patrol[edit]

Protector on Antarctic Patrol supporting the British Antarctic Territory

Antarctic Patrol is undertaken by the Royal Navy's Antarctic Patrol and Icebreaker, HMS Protector (A173), in the South Atlantic Ocean. Its primary mission is "surveying and gathering data on the seas around Antarctica" while also providing support to the British Antarctic Survey operation stationed in and around the British Antarctic Territory.[2] Two Royal Research Ships of the Merchant Navy are also stationed in the region; RRS James Clark Ross and RRS Ernest Shackleton.

Atlantic Patrol Tasking North[edit]

HMS Richmond (F239) in the North Atlantic

This is the Royal Navy's commitment to secure and protect the interests of Great Britain and her Overseas Territories in the regions of the North Atlantic and the Caribbean. The deployment primarily conducts counter narcotics missions and provides humanitarian assistance during hurricane season.[3] The task is carried out by a single warship;[4] as of 2014 RFA Wave Knight (A389) of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary is assigned to the task.[5] HMS Severn, an Offshore Patrol Vessel, will assume this task in 2014/2015.[6] Atlantic Patrol Tasking North was formerly known as the West Indies Guard Ship.[7]

Atlantic Patrol Tasking South[edit]

The Royal Navy maintains a permanent presence in the South Atlantic and West Africa to provide "ongoing protection and reassurance to British interests" such as the sovereignty of the Falkland Islands and South Georgia, while also supporting British Forces South Atlantic Islands. The commitment consists of two warships; either a guided-missile destroyer or frigate accompanied by a Royal Fleet Auxiliary vessel. As of 2014 HMS Portland (F79) and RFA Black Rover (A273) are assigned to the task.[8]

Falkland Islands Patrol Task[edit]

Clyde near Fox Bay West Falklands

The Falkland Islands Patrol Task consists of a single warship (an Offshore Patrol Vessel) stationed around the EEZ of the Falkland Islands. It forms part of British Forces South Atlantic Islands and aims to reassure the inhabitants of the region and maintain British sovereignty. HMS Clyde (P257) has been permanently assigned to the task since her commission.[9] Clyde uses the deepwater naval base facilities of Mare Harbour, East Falkland.

Standing NRF Maritime Group 1[edit]

The Royal Navy occasionally provides a single warship to the Standing NRF Maritime Group 1 (part of the NATO Response Force). The standard area of operations for the Standing NRF Maritime Group 2 is the Atlantic Ocean.[10] As of July 2013, the Royal Navy hasn't assigned a warship to Standing NATO Maritime Group 1 since 2012.[11]

British and Northern European Waters[edit]

Cold Weather Training[edit]

Royal Marines during the annual Cold Weather Training exercise

Cold Weather Training is a Royal Navy commitment to the annual Norwegian-led exercise in the Arctic regions. Its purpose is to build and strengthen military ties and to enable the Royal Marines and Royal Navy sailors to "fight and win" in extreme conditions.[12]

Diving Units[edit]

The Royal Navy's Surface Fleet also consists of three major diving units: Northern Diving Group, Southern Diving Group, Fleet Diving Units 1, 2, and 3. These work with Royal Navy, Special Forces, and other UK departments such as the Police and Home Department for EOD activities and training.[13]

Fishery Protection[edit]

The Fishery Protection Squadron is charged with protecting the British fishing industry, providing security to the oil and gas fields in the North Sea and other duties in the United Kingdoms Exclusive economic zone. It consists of three warships (OPVs); HMS Tyne (P281), HMS Severn (P282) and HMS Mersey (P283).[14]

Joint Warrior[edit]

HMS Diamond (D34) during Joint Warrior 2013

Exercise Joint Warrior is a Royal Navy (and wider British Armed Forces) commitment to engage in an annual tri-service exercise (including multinational NATO forces) intended to achieve enhanced military effect. It is the largest military exercise in Europe.[15]

Towed Array Patrol Ship[edit]

TAPS is a standing task[16] for reactive anti-submarine patrol duties in support of the strategic nuclear deterrent. A Type 23 frigate is maintained at high readiness for this task 365 days a year.[17]

Training[edit]

Training in UK Home Waters is essential for preparing both crews and ships before overseas deployment. Flag Officer Sea Training is responsible for making sure that both Royal Navy and Royal Fleet Auxiliary ships are fit for operational propose after rigorous exercises and readiness inspections. This commitment is ongoing 365 days a year.[18]

East of Suez[edit]

This is a list of operations and commitments presently undertaken by the Royal Navy East of Suez in the Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Persian Gulf, Arabian Sea, the wider Indian Ocean and the Far East:

Combined Task Force[edit]

The Royal Navy regularly contributes to two multinational coalitions; Combined Task Force 150 and Combined Task Force 151. Combined Task Force 150 is focused on maritime security and counter-terrorism; while Combined Task Force 151 is charged with anti-piracy missions. As of 2014 the Royal Navy deploys a single warship to CTF 150, HMS Somerset (F82).[19]

Humanitarian Missions[edit]

The Royal Navy remains committed to providing humanitarian aid where possible. During the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami the Royal Navy responded by deploying RFA Diligence (A132) and the frigate HMS Chatham (F87) with Westland Lynx helicopters to provide assistance.[20] In 2014, the Royal Navy deployed HMS Echo (H87) (a multi-role hydrographic survey ship) and HMS Tireless (S88) (a nuclear-powered fleet submarine) to search for the missing Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 in the Indian Ocean Region.[21]

Operation Atalanta[edit]

Operation Atalanta is a European Union multinational task force charged to combat terrorism and piracy off the Horn of Africa and Somalia. Operational headquarters are located in the United Kingdom at Northwood Headquarters, London.[22] British ships in the region are usually assigned to CTF. Op Atlanta is named as Naval Party 14TW and 14TX.[23]

Operation Herrick[edit]

Royal Marines during Operation Herrick, 2010

The Royal Navy contributes to the ongoing Operation Herrick -the codename for the United Kingdom's operations in Afghanistan. The Navy's commitment to the operation consists of the Royal Marines and several Fleet Air Arm squadrons.[24] The UK has ended combat operations in Afghanistan in late 2014.[25]

Operation Kipion[edit]

The Royal Navy maintains a continued maritime presence in the Gulf and Indian Ocean regions to protect and secure the nations many political and commercial interests. The enduring commitment usually consists of an escort (a guided-missile destroyer or frigate), a supporting Royal Fleet Auxiliary ship and several other ships with various roles.[26] As of 2014, RFA Fort Austin (A386), RFA Diligence (A132) and HMS Somerset (F82) are assigned to the task. 43 Commando Fleet Protection Group Royal Marines are also assigned to the task force.[26] Operation Kipion was formerly known as the Armilla patrol during the 1980s and 1990s.

Operation Kipion Mine Countermeasures[edit]

The mine countermeasure vessels Ramsey, Shoreham and Quorn in the Gulf along with the destroyer Diamond and dock landing ship Cardigan Bay in 2012

The Royal Navy maintains a permanent presence in the Gulf consisting of mine countermeasure vessels. It provides continued support to the region ensuring the "safe flow of trade and oil". Presently four vessels are deployed to the region; HMS Quorn (M41), HMS Atherstone (M38), HMS Shoreham (M112) and HMS Ramsey (M110).[27] Typically the mine countermeasure vessels are supported by a Royal Fleet Auxiliary ship acting as a 'mothership'. In 2012 RFA Cardigan Bay (L3009) (pictured right) was tasked to support the vessels.

Regional Partnerships[edit]

The Royal Navy maintains close ties with numerous allies and partners East of Suez. In the Gulf Region, such partners include Bahrain, Oman, Saudi Arabia and several other countries with which the UK maintains Defence Cooperation Agreements.[28] The UK Maritime Component Command in Dubai and Bahrain is named as Naval Party 1023.[29][30] In the Far East the UK retains naval facilities at Sembawang in Singapore to support operations in the region as well as those of the Five Powers Defence Arrangements.[31] In 2013 HMS Daring (D32) took part in a Five Powers Defence Arrangement exercise during a nine month global deployment.[32] This depot is jointly managed by the Royal Navy and the Defence Fuels Group. This depot is known as Naval Party 1022 and works in conjunction with the US Navy's Task Force 73.[33]

Naval Party 1002[edit]

The Royal Navy, along with personnel from the other branches of the British Armed Forces, maintain a presence in the overseas territory of Diego Garcia in the Indian Ocean. It is officially known as Naval Party 1002 with a Royal Navy Commander in charge. Naval Party 1023 is responsible for enforcing immigration, policing and other civil functions in the British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT). Diego Garcia is home to a United States military base leased to it by the United Kingdom.[34][35]

Global[edit]

Continuous At Sea Deterrent[edit]

A Trident II D-5 ballistic missile launched from a Vanguard-class submarine

The Continuous At Sea Deterrent (or Nuclear Deterrent) is provided by the Royal Navy's four Vanguard-class submarines which deploy on a continuous basis around the globe. The Vanguard-class are each armed with a maximum of 16 Trident II D-5 submarine-launched ballistic missiles and 48 nuclear warheads.[36]

Cougar[edit]

Exercise Cougar (or COUGAR) is a routine large scale international exercise held by the Royal Navy. It was created under the 2010 Strategic Defence and Security Review to demonstrate the operational readiness of the Response Force Task Group (RFTG) to respond to threats worldwide. Unlike Joint Warrior, exercise COUGAR deploys outside of the United Kingdom (primarily to the Mediterranean and Indian Ocean) to demonstrate "its [RFTG] ability to operate as a rapid reaction force on behalf of the UK and, importantly, underlines the global reach and flexibility of the modern Royal Navy."[37][38] As an international exercise, the RFTG gets the chance to engage in "intense" exercises with foreign and allied navies, such as (for example) the Royal Navy of Oman.[39]

Fleet Ready Escort[edit]

The Fleet Ready Escort (FRE) is a single warship maintained at high-readiness for deployment at short notice anywhere in the world. The FRE consists of either a guided-missile destroyer or a frigate.[1] As of January 2014, this commitment has been 'gapped' by the Royal Navy twice; for 19 days in 2011 and 18 days in 2012.[40]

International Partnerships[edit]

Daring alongside the USS Enterprise (CVN-65)

The Royal Navy remains committed to working with its International Partners around the globe. The principle purpose of these partnerships is to reassure allied nations, to share intelligence and expertise, to build trust and ultimately provide security across the worlds oceans.[41] Examples of such International Partnerships of which the Royal Navy plays a leading role include; the maritime component of the Anglo-French Combined Joint Expeditionary Force (CJEF), the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, AUSCANNZUKUS, the European Maritime Force and the Five Power Defence Arrangements. The United Kingdom is a member of RIMPAC also, although it hasn't participated in way of deploying a surface ship in several years.

NATO Mine Countermeasures[edit]

This is the Royal Navy's commitment to support NATO MCM operations in the Baltic, Northern European Waters, the Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea (though it is capable of deploying globally if needed). There are two organisational structures; Standing NATO Mine Countermeasures Group 1 and Standing NATO Mine Countermeasures Group 2. As of 2014, HMS Blyth (M111) is deployed in the Mediterranean for NATO MCMV training exercises.[42]

Response Force Task Group[edit]

Response Force Task Group (RFTG) is the Royal Navy's expeditionary task force maintained at high-readiness and available at short notice to respond to unexpected global events. In addition to war-fighting or amphibious operations, the RFTG can undertake a diverse range of activities such as evacuation operations, disaster relief or humanitarian aid.[43] The composition of the RFTG changes depending on its task and the range of available assets. However, it generally consists of several large amphibious warfare ships (both RN and RFA), guided-missile destroyers, frigates, replenishment ships from the Royal Fleet Auxiliary and sometimes a nuclear-powered fleet submarine.

Mediterranean[edit]

Gibraltar Squadron[edit]

Sabre providing maritime security to the British territorial waters of Gibraltar

The Gibraltar Squadron consists of two fast patrol boats; HMS Scimitar (P284) and HMS Sabre (P285). They provide force protection for NATO or coalition warships entering the naval facilities of Gibraltar and conduct maritime security in the surrounding British territorial waters.[44]

Standing NRF Maritime Group 2[edit]

The Royal Navy routinely provides a single warship to the Standing NRF Maritime Group 2 (part of the NATO Response Force). The standard area of operations for the Standing NRF Maritime Group 2 is the Mediterranean Sea.[10] As of July 2013, the Royal Navy hasn't assigned a warship to Standing NATO Maritime Group 2 since 2012.[11]

Pacific[edit]

Humanitarian Missions[edit]

Although the Royal Navy no-longer maintains a permanent presence in the Pacific Ocean, it is still committed to providing humanitarian aid where possible. When Typhoon Haiyan struck the Philippines in late 2013, the Royal Navy deployed HMS Daring (D32) and HMS Illustrious (R06) as part of the United Kingdom's humanitarian aid mission to the region (known as Operation Patwin).[45]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The Royal Navy Deployed Forward Operating Globally". http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/. Royal Navy. Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
  2. ^ Antarctic Patrol, royalnavy.mod.uk, Retrieved 1 June 2014
  3. ^ Atlantic Patrol Tasking North, royalnavy.mod.uk, Retrieved 1 June 2014
  4. ^ Tony Skinner, 'RN cuts back Standing Task commitments,' Jane's Defence Weekly, 20 July 2005, p.12
  5. ^ RFA Wave Knight, royalnavy.mod.uk, Retrieved 1 June 2014
  6. ^ http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/news-and-latest-activity/news/2014/october/31/141031-hms-severn-readies-for-new-mission-by-training-with-her-sister-hms-tyne
  7. ^ "West Indies Guard Ship". Retrieved 5 September 2008. 
  8. ^ Atlantic Patrol Tasking South, royalnavy.mod.uk, Retrieved 1 June 2014
  9. ^ Falkland Islands Patrol Task, royalnavy.mod.uk, Retrieved 1 June 2014
  10. ^ a b Standing NATO Maritime Group 1 and 2, aco.nato.int, Retrieved 2 June 2014
  11. ^ a b House of Commons Hansard Written Answers (theyworkforyou.com) 17 July 2013
  12. ^ Cold Weather Training, royalnavy.mod.uk, Retrieved 1 June 2014
  13. ^ http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/our-organisation/the-fighting-arms/surface-fleet/diving/fleet-diving-group
  14. ^ Fishery Protection, royalnavy.mod.uk, Retrieved 1 June 2014
  15. ^ Joint Warrior, royalnavy.mod.uk, Retrieved 2 June 2014
  16. ^ "Freedom of Information response to Mr A J Howell" (pdf). whatdotheyknow.com.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  17. ^ "House of Commons Written Answers c121W". UK Parliament. 28 March 2011. 
  18. ^ Training, royalnavy.mod.uk, Retrieved 2 June 2014
  19. ^ CTF 150, royalnavy.mod.uk, Retrieved 2 June 2014
  20. ^ UK boosts help for tsunami victims, theguardian.com, 31 December 2004
  21. ^ Search For MH370, royalnavy.mod.uk, Retrieved 2 June 2014
  22. ^ Spanish Ambassador Visits Operational Headquarters in the United Kingdom, eunavfor.eu, 28 May 2014
  23. ^ https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/350937/bfpo_indicator_list.pdf
  24. ^ Operation Herrick, royalnavy.mod.uk, Retrieved 2 June 2014
  25. ^ https://www.gov.uk/government/news/british-troops-leave-helmand-province-for-the-last-time
  26. ^ a b Operation Kipion, royalnavy.mod.uk, Retrieved 2 June 2014
  27. ^ Operation Kipion Mine Countermeasures, royalnavy.mod.uk, Retrieved 2 June 2014
  28. ^ Bahrain and UK Sign Defence Cooperation Agreement, 11 October 2012
  29. ^ https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/350937/bfpo_indicator_list.pdf
  30. ^ http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/news-and-latest-activity/news/2014/april/28/140428-hq-in-bahrain
  31. ^ House of Commons Hansard Written Answers (publications.parliament.uk) 17 June 2013
  32. ^ HMS Daring goes on global deployment, royalnavy.mod.uk, 28 May 2013
  33. ^ Defence Fuels Group (archive), mod.uk
  34. ^ House of Commons Foreign Affairs Committee - Overseas Territories, (publications.parliament.uk), 18 June 2008
  35. ^ Navy News - Back to the Future, July 2014
  36. ^ Continuous At Sea Deterrent, royalnavy.mod.uk, Retrieved 2 June 2014
  37. ^ Royal Navy sails for annual ‘Cougar’ deployment, royalnavy.mod.uk, 09 August 2013
  38. ^ Royal Navy set for Cougar 13, gov.uk, 08 August 2013
  39. ^ Royal Navy sharpens claws for Exercise Omani Cougar, royalnavy.mod.uk, 25 October 2013
  40. ^ House of Commons Hansard Written Answers (publications.parliament.uk) 27 January 2014
  41. ^ International Partnerships, royalnavy.mod.uk, Retrieved 2 June 2014
  42. ^ NATO Mine Countermeasures, royalnavy.mod.uk, Retrieved 2 June 2014
  43. ^ Royal Navy ready for unforeseen global events, gov.uk, 9 May 2011
  44. ^ Gibraltar Squadron, royalnavy.mod.uk, Retrieved 2 June 2014
  45. ^ Operation Patwin, royalnavy.mod.uk, Retrieved 2014

External links[edit]