Stanfield, Oregon

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Stanfield, Oregon
City
Buildings and water tower in Stanfield
Buildings and water tower in Stanfield
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 45°46′51″N 119°13′2″W / 45.78083°N 119.21722°W / 45.78083; -119.21722Coordinates: 45°46′51″N 119°13′2″W / 45.78083°N 119.21722°W / 45.78083; -119.21722
Country United States
State Oregon
County Umatilla
Incorporated 1910
Government
 • Mayor Thomas J. McCann
Area[1]
 • Total 1.53 sq mi (3.96 km2)
 • Land 1.53 sq mi (3.96 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 592 ft (180.4 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 2,043
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 2,055
 • Density 1,335.3/sq mi (515.6/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97875
Area code(s) 541
FIPS code 41-69900[4]
GNIS feature ID 1136780[5]

Stanfield is a city in Umatilla County, Oregon, United States. The population was 2,043 at the 2010 census. It is part of the PendletonHermiston Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.53 square miles (3.96 km2), all of it land.[1]

History[edit]

Originally named Foster, Stanfield is named after Sen. Robert N. Stanfield who purchased the area in 1903 from C.B. Wade of Pendleton for use as the headquarters of his extensive sheep and wool enterprises. Because of its proximity to the railroad, the site was used for shearing wool, holding sheep for shipping, and storing supplies for the operations in warehouses. (At one time, Sen. Stanfield and his brothers operated the largest sheep ranching operations in North America.),[6][7]

With the development of the Furnish Ditch irrigation system serving the lands around Stanfield, Sen. Stanfield joined with Dr. Henry Waldo Coe of Portland in 1909 to subdivide the area and create the town of Stanfield. Sen. Stanfield got half of the lots created by the subdivision and Dr. Coe's development company got the other half.,[8][9]

Dr. Coe began operating excursion trains to bring interested buyers to Stanfield to see the lots that were being offered for sale. The two story Stanfield ranch house was turned into a hotel to house the visitors. (Pictures of the Stanfield Hotel with a small crowd of "Columbia Land Co. Excursionists" and the excursion cars "spotted" on a spur at Stanfield are on file in the Stanfield Library.)[9]

A bank building was built with an office in the back for Sen. Stanfield. A door allowed the Senator to come and go without going through the bank lobby. (The old bank building is now the office of the Stanfield Irrigation District.)[9]

Sen. Stanfield donated a number of parcels for public purposes, including the site of the high school.[10]

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 2,043 people, 682 households, and 513 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,335.3 inhabitants per square mile (515.6 /km2). There were 735 housing units at an average density of 480.4 per square mile (185.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 66.9% White, 0.1% African American, 1.6% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 27.2% from other races, and 4.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 35.9% of the population.

There were 682 households of which 41.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 8.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 24.8% were non-families. 18.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.00 and the average family size was 3.42.

The median age in the city was 31.8 years. 31.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.6% were from 25 to 44; 24.8% were from 45 to 64; and 8.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.5% male and 49.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 1,979 people, 661 households, and 497 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,372.0 people per square mile (530.6/km²). There were 714 housing units at an average density of 495.0 per square mile (191.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 68.12% White, 0.56% African American, 1.31% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.25% Pacific Islander, 25.82% from other races, and 3.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 31.03% of the population.

There were 661 households out of which 38.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.5% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.8% were non-families. 18.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.99 and the average family size was 3.40.

In the city the population was spread out with 32.1% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 9.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 106.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 109.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,286, and the median income for a family was $38,145. Males had a median income of $28,578 versus $18,841 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,842. About 10.6% of families and 14.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.4% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Gerald E. Stanfield, unpublished autobiography (1972), Stanfield Family papers, to be donated to Oregon Historical Society, Portland Oregon
  7. ^ Harriet Thankful Townsend Stanfield with Kate Stanfield, "The Story of My Life" (1927), Handwritten manuscript with family notes by Kate Stanfield, copy on file at Stanfield Library, Stanfield, Oregon.
  8. ^ Umatilla County Club Federations, et al., "Umatilla County, Oregon" (1922)
  9. ^ a b c G.E. Stanfield
  10. ^ H.T.T. Stanfield

External links[edit]