The Stangenwald Building at 119 Merchant Street, in downtown Honolulu, Hawaii was the city's first high-rise office building, with its own law library, and one of the earliest electric elevators in the (then) Territory when it was built in 1901. It was also advertised as "fireproof" because it was built of concrete, stone, brick, and steel, with no wood except in the windows, doors, and furniture, and because it had fireproof vaults and firehoses on every floor. Fireproofing was an important selling point because of the fire that had devastated nearby Chinatown the previous year.) Apart from a few exceptional structures like Aloha Tower (1926) and Honolulu Hale (1929), it remained the tallest building in Honolulu for half a century, until the building boom of the 1950s.
Young local architect C.W. Dickey designed it with features of Italianate architecture: arched windows, terra cotta ornaments, and a wide balcony with fine grillwork above the entrance. Every floor had a unique exterior. The interior vestibule and hall were decorated with mosaic tile floors and marble panelling, while the stairways had slate and marble steps. In 1980, another local architect, James K. Tsugawa, completed an award-winning restoration.
Dr. Hugo Stangenwald was an Austrian physician and pioneer photographer who arrived in Honolulu in 1853. In 1869, he bought the 5,303-square-foot (492.7 m2) property and built his medical offices there, in partnership with Dr. Gerrit P. Judd next door. Not long before he died in 1899, he leased the land to a group who planned a fine structure to match the quality of the Judd Building (1898) next door, designed by Oliver G. Traphagen, who had just arrived from Duluth, Minnesota.
The building now holds the offices of the Honolulu Chapter of the American Institute of Architects (AIA), founded in 1926, with Dickey as its inaugural president. In 2003, the firm of Ferraro Choi & Associates completed a restoration of those offices that won three of the AIA's annual design awards. This downtown landmark also serves as the starting point for the AIA's Architectural Walking Tours of downtown Honolulu.
- Honolulu Chapter, American Institute of Architects, Exploring Downtown: A Walking Tour, April 2009.
- Burl Burlingame (31 January 2000). "City at War: The Great Chinatown Fire". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved 2009-06-05.
- Wilcox, Gaylord (1972). Business and Buildings: Downtown Honolulu's Old Fashioned Block Hawaiian Journal of History 6:3-27.
- I.M. Zemlicka (1995): "Beiträge zu den Beziehungen der österr.-ungarischen Monarchie und Hawai'is von 1844 - 1901"(Relations between Austria-Hungaria and Hawai'i 1844 - 1901)
- "AIA Honolulu: Architectural Walking Tours". Retrieved 2009-06-05.
- Sandler, Rob, Julie Mehta, and Frank S. Haines (2008). Architecture in Hawaiʻi: A Chronological Survey, new edition. Honolulu: Mutual Publishing.