Stanisław Mackiewicz

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Stanisław Mackiewicz
Mackiewicz.jpg
Stanisław Mackiewicz
Prime Minister of the Polish Republic in Exile
In office
8 June 1954 – 21 June 1955
Preceded by Jerzy Hryniewski
Succeeded by Hugon Hanke
Member of the Sejm
In office
1928–1935
Personal details
Born (1896-12-18)December 18, 1896
Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died February 18, 1966(1966-02-18) (aged 69)
Warsaw, Poland
Resting place Powązki Cemetery, Warsaw
Nationality Polish
Political party BBWR
Occupation Politician, writer
Religion Roman Catholicism

Stanisław "Cat" Mackiewicz (18 December 1896 in Saint Petersburg, Russia – 18 February 1966 in Warsaw, Poland) was a conservative Polish writer, journalist and monarchist.

He was called, by the interwar journalist Adolf Maria Bocheński, the foremost political journalist of the interbellum Second Polish Republic.[1]

Life[edit]

Mackiewicz was born into a Polish family that had historically used the Bożawola coat-of-arms.

Mackiewicz joined the Polish Military Organisation in 1917 and served as a volunteer in the Polish Army during the Polish-Soviet War of 1919–21. He published and the editor-in-chief of the independent Wilno (Vilnius) periodical titled "Słowo," wholly financially supported by the noble families of the former Grand Duchy of Lithuania. He actively promoted the idea of the so-called Jagellonian Poland, i.e., return to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth style of governance in Eastern Europe.

He supported Józef Piłsudski[2] and in 1928–35 served as a deputy to the Sejm (Poland's parliament), representing the Piłsudskiite Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government.

After Piłsudski's death in 1935, Mackiewicz criticized the ruling elite and in 1939 was imprisoned for 17 days at the Bereza Kartuska detention camp.

On 18 September 1939, a day after the Soviet attack on eastern Poland during the Soviet-German Invasion of Poland, he left Poland.

Following the Yalta Conference and subsequent occupation by Stalin of Poland and the later establishment of the Communist Poland, Mackiewicz, like so many political exiles remained abroad and was politically active in the Polish émigré community. He served as prime minister of the Polish government-in-exile in 1954–55 .

In 1956 Mackiewicz returned to Poland.

He was the older brother of ardent enemy of the communist system, writer Józef Mackiewicz.

Works[edit]

  • Historja Polski od 11 listopada 1918 r. do 17 września 1939 r. (The History of Poland from 11 November 1918 to 17 September 1939), 1941, 1958, 1989, 1990, 1992
  • Stanisław August, 1953, 1978, 1991, 1999, 2009
  • Muchy chodzą po mózgu (Flies Walk the Brain), 1957
  • Zielone oczy (Green Eyes), 1958, 1959, 1987
  • Europa in flagranti (Europe in flagranti), 1965, 1975, 2000
  • Odeszli w zmierzch: wybór pism, 1916-1966 (They Have Passed into the Twilight: a Collection of Writings, 1916–1966), 1968
  • Kto mnie wołał, czego chciał... (Who Called Me, What He Wanted...), Instytut Wydawniczy "Pax" ("Pax" Publishing Institute), 1972
  • Był bal (There Was a Ball), 1973
  • Herezje i prawdy (Heresies and Truths), 1975
  • Klucz do Piłsudskiego (The Key to Piłsudski), 1986, 1992, 1996
  • Lata nadziei: 17 września 1939 - 5 lipca 1945 (Years of Hope: 17 September 1939 – 5 July 1945), 1990
  • Myśl w obcęgach: studia nad psychologią społeczeństw sowietów (Thinking in a Vise: Studies on the Psychology of Soviet Societies), 1998
  • Polityka Becka (Beck's Policies), 2009

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Jerzy Hryniewski
Prime Minister of the Polish Republic in Exile
1954-1955
Succeeded by
Hugon Hanke