Stanisław Masłowski

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Stanisław Masłowski
MaslowskiStanislaw.WschodKsiezyca.1884.ws.jpg
Wschód Księżyca (Moonrise), oil/canvas, 1884 (National Museum, Kraków, Gallery of Sukiennice Museum)
Born (1853-12-03)3 December 1853
Włodawa
Died 31 May 1926(1926-05-31) (aged 72)
Warsaw
Nationality Polish
Education Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw
Known for Painting
Movement Realism

Stanisław Masłowski (1853–1926) was a Polish painter, born Stanislaw Stefan Zygmunt Ludgard Masłowski (3 December 1853 in Włodawa,[1] – 31 May 1926 in Warsaw) – Polish painter of realistic style, the author of genre scenes and landscapes.

Biography[edit]

Stanisław Masłowski, was born on 3 December 1853 in Włodawa on the Bug River (Poland), and there was christened 8 May 1854. His certificate of baptism is stored in the archives of the Parish of St.Louis of Pauline Fathers in Włodawa.[2]

He came from an impoverished noble family (Samson coat of arms[3]), which originates from Wieluń (Poland) . "Masłowski" family used the nickname "Watta of Ruda" (Polish: "z Rudy"). Zygmunt Gloger in his "Historic geography of ancient Polish lands" (Polish: "Geografia historyczna ziem dawnej Polski") repeats after Jan Długosz, that the first capital of Wieluń County was Ruda before Wieluń, which was more conveniently located.[4] Masłowski was the son of Rajmund Masłowski and Waleria Józefa of Danilewicz. His brother was Bolesław Masłowski, chemist (1851–1928). Masłowski's grandfather from his mother, Wincenty Danilewicz, (Ostoja coat of arms, born in 1787 in Mińsk Lit. – former Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth territory), was involved – as light-cavalryman – in the Napoleonic campaign, for which he was awarded the French Order of Legion of Honour.[5][6] Masłowski's father was a lawyer. He was promoted several times, changing with his family place of residence.[7]

Włodawa, place of birth of the future artist – was one of many towns where his father was employed. Masłowski family moved in 1856 from Włodawa to Garwolin, where Rajmund served as a courtroom writer. In 1858–1865 Maslowski lived in Chęciny.[8] It is worth noting that Rajmund Masłowski in January Uprising was the head of the Chęciny district. Therefore, in mid- 1864 he was arrested, and then about six months he spent in prison in Kielce[9]

Since 1865 Masłowski lived in Kalisz, where his first drawing teacher in the local high school, was painter Stanisław Barcikowski, a graduate of Warsaw School of Fine Arts. During this period, Masłowski drew a lot from nature, including between 1865–1871 in Bronów near Poddębice at a father's friends – Maria and Jarosław Konopnicki (see story by Konopnicka: "How do children in Bronów with Rozalia entertained", where one of these "children" was "Staś" – the future artist;[10] and then in Jędrzejów, where lived Wincenty Danilewicz, his grandfather. He was also copying Juliusz Kossak's pictures from illustrated magazines.

Since 1871 Stanisław Masłowski lived in Warsaw, where his father was transferred by court administration. His studies at the Warsaw School of Drawing (i.e. Wojciech Gerson's drawing school) lasted perhaps permanently in 1871–1875. "In this school I received – finds the artist in an autobiographical note – the advice of Mr. Gerson and Mr. A.Kaminski." In 1875 Masłowski received the silver medal of the Academy of Fine Arts in St. Petersburg, as an award for his school drawings. During this period he took an active part in the life of the famous atelier rented by a group of artists-painters: J. Chełmoński, S. Witkiewicz, A.Piotrowski and others in the "Hotel Europejski" in Warsaw. Sincere affection for his colleagues from "Europe" (as he called it) remained him for the rest of his life.[11]

However it was Ukraine, which gave to young Masłowski many painting emotions. For the first time he went there accompanied by writer Edward Chłopicki (1875). The second trip took place in 1876 (with this Ukrainian visit a number of Masłowski's letters to the artist-painter Władysław Leszczyński are involved). The next trips took place at least in 1878, and 1886.

Wiosna roku 1905 (Spring of 1905 – the Cossacks party at Ujazdowskie Avenue in Warsaw), oil/canvas, 1906 (National Museum in Warsaw)

In 1884–1887 Stanisław Masłowski entered a new phase of creativity and a new environment of art. At that time, he developed close relations with the group of friendly painters and writers associated with "Wędrowiec" weekly magazine, including Aleksander Gierymski and Antoni Sygietyński, and young painters: Józef Pankiewicz and Władysław Podkowiński. In 1886 Maslowski spent half a year in Munich, where – as he writes – "worked at home."

In Masłowski's creativity, years 1890–1907, was called a period of "the storm and ferment". Its initial phase is characterized by transition through impressionism and get away from it to find his own form. In 1897 Stanisław Masłowski became a member of the Society of Polish Artists "Sztuka" in Kraków, created at the initiative of Jan Stanisławski. A number of artists came from Warsaw e.g.: Józef Pankiewicz and Konstanty Laszczka. In 1899 Masłowski issued a number of watercolours in Aleksander Krywult Salon; this year and in 1902 he took part in the exhibitions of the Vienna Secession. In 1900 he traveled to Italy and Paris. In 1900 at the Universal Exhibition in Paris, he gained a medal award for picture "The market in the Kazimierz". In 1901 he demonstrated a small watercolours in the "Chimera" monthly editorial. Collective exhibition in 1902 in the Zachęta ends the second phase of Masłowski's creative explorations. The restless period of 1902–1907 points out the artist's first trip in 1903 to Wola Rafałowska between Mińsk Mazowiecki and Siedlce, where he soon found his synthesis of his Polish landscape. In the following year he began a series of trips to Italy. In 1904 – to Rome, Florence, Fiesole, but also to Troki near Wilno. The special exhibition on "Zachęta" (1904) demonstrated Masłowski's 58 water-colours.

In 1905–1907 Masłowski worked in his atelier in Warsaw (at Mokotowska street) and experimented. Period of 1907–1926 was a phase of prosperity and decline of Masłowski's creativity. Plein air in Nowosiółka in Volhynia in 1908 brought 18 watercolours, which then was exhibited in the Society for the Encouragement of Fine Arts (polish abbr.: TZSP). In 1909 and 1910 Masłowski had a solo exhibition there, and then exhibited there annually until 1914 the landscapes from Italy, Tunisia and from Polish village Wola Rafałowska. In 1913 Masłowski arranged a small exhibition of watercolours in the "Galerie Léon Marseille" in Paris.

In June 1914 Masłowski received an invitation to taking a position as professor at the Warsaw School of Fine Arts. However he not accepted the proposition. The outbreak of the World War I found him in the country. In April 1916 the Society for the Encouragement of Fine Arts arranged Masłowski's big collective exhibition. In December of that year he received the jubilee award of Society for the Encouragement of Fine Arts. The end of the war in 1918, brought great moral relaxation. Maslowski then painted a picture "Beliniacy" (related to name of one of Polish patriotic military divisions).

In 1921 Masłowski was elected a member of the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts in Paris. In 1922 he made another trip to Italy. In 1925 a jubilee exhibition of Masłowski's works was held in the Society for the Encouragement of Fine Arts. The next year, Society for the Encouragement of Fine Arts issued a premium reproduction of his painting "Jarema's Duma" (of 1879). In 1925 Maslowski was awarded Officer's Cross of Polonia Restituta.

In the last year of life, suffering from a heart disease, he little worked. He died 31 May 1926 in Warsaw[12] and was buried at the Powązki Cemetery in Warsaw, in the tomb of his mother's family (the headquarters 11-1-7, cf. the information boards behind the entrance of the "Saint Honorata" gate in the category: "Plastycy", i.e. "Artists").

A free time Maslowski was spending on your favorite readings of both the Old Polish literature, and foreign - mostly French or Italian (his favorite reading was Montaingne's writings - the book found by the bed after his death).See.: (Polish) Masłowski M. [coll.]: Stanisław Masłowski – Materiały do życiorysu i twórczości (Stanisław Masłowski – Materials for the biography and works), Wrocław 1957, p. 232. A peculiar fruit of his reading was a translation into Polish of Giorgio Vasari's "Lives of the Most Eminent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects" (probably for the first time before World War I[13])

He was married (from 20 February 1897) to Aniela Ponikowska – sister of Cezary Ponikowski, lawyer (advocate-attorney), the first President of the Supreme Advocates Council in Poland (after restore of the independence of Poland, in 1918). They had son Maciej Masłowski, an art historian (born in Warsaw 24 Jan. 1901, died in Wysokie Mazowieckie 17 Aug. 1976).

Works[edit]

Masłowski's artistic talent occurred already at an early age. He received a silver medal in 1975 from the Academy of Fine Arts in St. Petersburg, for his school drawings. "Masłowski – recalls Henryk Piątkowski (painter) – while still very young boy, as a student at the Warsaw School of Drawing (i.e. Wojciech Gerson's drawing school) marked his outstanding talent in the first creative gusts" – and adds, that – "he learned mostly not in school, but in the environment of Polish nature, which he felt and spoke with the mastery". These observations complements and confirms relation of his fellow Miłosz Kotarbinski, in which we can read of the "very distinctive in school, and not yet appreciated Stanisław Masłowski. He was already a naturally born impressionist. Studies on the plaster casts of classical sculpture he led in purely impressive mode, in which forgiving executives completely did not complain. With vividly colourful and scenic landscape studies of nature he overtook most ardent later Impressionists."

Duma Jaremy (Jarema's Duma), oil/canvas, 1879

The year 1875 brought in Masłowski's life the first images exhibited in the Society for the Encouragement of Fine Arts, namely: "Owczarek" ("The Shepherd") and "Kozacy" ("Cossacks"), then – the first illustrations included in the "Kłosy" weekly magazine, and the first trip to Ukraine. Ukrainian topic had a strong influence on Masłowski in his youth. It was carrying parallel: blustering vigor and lyrical musing. That was the Ukraine, which Maslowski saw and began to enact in his studio compositions. It was unlike the painting of the noble-knight's and hunter's Ukraine by Juliusz Kossak, Józef Brandt and Józef Chełmoński. A numerous images of Ukrainian themes may be mentioned: "Odbicie branki" (Reflection from Captive – exhibited 1878), "Pożegnanie Kozaka" (Farewell Cossackillustration, 1878), "Jarema's Duma" (1879), "Chłopcy w stepie" (Boys in the Steppeillustration, 1879), "Noc" (Night – exhibited in 1880), "Tabun" (Herd of Horses, 1880), "Odpoczynek czumaka" (Chumak's Rest, 1880), "Wesele" (The Wedding, 1881), "Odpoczynek" (The Rest, 1882), and finally "Taniec Kozaków" (Cossacks Dance – Kozachok, 1883), which is a kind of closure and synthesis of the whole. At this, however, does not exhaust the subject matter and the topography of Masłowski's paintings created in atelier, in early stages of his work. It happens a Masovian village ("Na pastwisku" – en.: "On the pasture", 1880), and even melodrama ("Niedola" – en.: "Misery", 1881), but still the Ukraine was the main emphasis of his contemporary work. Masłowski's studio painting of this period can not be reduced to a common denominator; his realism has a number of editions – closer to the romantic sentiments, or closer to the truth of nature. Generally speaking, Masłowski's way goes from linearity to ornamentation, from value to colour, from oil to watercolour, and in total – from atelier to plein air.

The most interesting result of the Ukrainian and other Masłowski's expeditions were quite precursory studies and sketches from nature – watercolours, pencils, and oils. Some of them are: "Trójka bałagulska"(Ukrainian three-horse team, National Museum, Kraków), "Studium konia" (Study of a horse – ibid.), "Zima" (Winter – ibid.), "Cyganka" (Gypsy woman, 1877, formerly in Bohdan Wydżga collections), "Studium jamnika" (Study of dachshund), "Szczeniaki" (Puppies – owned by the artist's family), "Studium psa" (Study of a dog), "Głowy byków" (Bulls heads – National Museum in Warsaw), "Oset" (Thistle, between 1876–1878, reproduced as a vignette in the "Sfinks" monthly secession magazine in 1909 and 1912). Their cognitive function rapidly transformed and expanded. One of the most interesting studies arose during a few days stay in the Gypsy camp behind the Warsaw-Praga Turnpike. But first fame, and even financial success brought him no pioneer "minor sketches" but "Duma Jaremy" (Jarema's Duma) and "Taniec Kozaków" (Cossacks Dance – Kozachok, reproduced in the booklet No 11 of "Album of Polish Painters" (polish: "Album malarzy polskich", ed. Warsaw 1885).

In 1884–1887 Stanisław Masłowski – as already mentioned – entered into a new phase of creativity and a new environment of art. He came into a close relationship with a fellow group of painters and writers associated with "Wędrowiec" (en.: "The Wanderer") weekly magazine, i.e. with Aleksander Gierymski and Antoni Sygietyński, with young Józef Pankiewicz and Władysław Podkowiński. This period already in 1884 resulted in large oil-composition done in the atelier, which is a landscape entitled "Wschód Księżyca" (en.: "Moonrise", National Museum in Cracow – in the "Cloth Hall" Department). In Masłowski's painting now pushed to the fore the problem of light in the night and day – the colour issue parallel to the value question. Masłowski's painting underwent profound changes during this period. This is evidenced also by following paintings: "Wschód słońca" (en.: Sunrise,1886), and next: "Zachód słońca" (en.: Sunset, 1887), "Targ na Mariensztacie" (en.: Market on Mariensztat, ca 1887), "Południe" (en.: Noon, ca 1888). These images pave Masłowski's way to Impressionism. Gerson in criticism from the year 1888 notes: "Mr. Masłowski sent to the exhibition a "Mazovian Cottage" – a watercolour painting of rare beauty and strength".[14] Gerson sees in it a lot of brightness, richness, strength of color, plasticity. At this time a new topic appears in Masłowski's works – the city of Warsaw. Particularly interesting came out a numerous notes from Iron-Gate Square in Warsaw. From this period come a numerous watercolour studies of Masovia, picking Masłowski in a row of "the first Polish Plein air-ists and Impressionists" (S. Rutkowski).[15]

As mentioned above, in Masłowski's creative works, the years 1890–1907, were a "period of storm and ferment." Its initial phase – was to go through Impressionism, and then move away from it in search of its own, separate forms. The first attempt towards a new image was reportedly "Pocztylion" (en.: Postman, 1890), and then "Targ na Grzybowie" (en.: Market on Grzybów district of Warsaw, 1892), "Ostatnie promienie" (en.: Last rays), "Przed poborem" (en.: Before the conscription, 1892). Next years brought a numerous and still a new trials and experiments, ranging between Impressionism and Neo-romanticism. In 1893 Maslowski issued, inter alia, "Stare miasto" (en.: Old Town) and "Poranek" (en.: Morning) and in 1894 – "Mickiewicz and Maryla" and "Porwanie" (en.:Kidnapping); in 1895 – "Wiosna" (en.: Spring); in 1896 – "Sprawa o granicę" (en.: The case of the border)[16] and "Bociany" (en.: Storks). All these were big oil compositions. It seems that far-reaching attempt in the direction of divisionist, speckle technique of painting was image entitled: "Poranek" (en.: Morning). The year 1896 brought synthesis of previous efforts, as exemplified by two major themes: "Sprawa o granicę" (en.: Case of the border) and "Bociany" (en.: Storks). Great collective exhibition in the Krywult exhibition room of art in Warsaw in 1896, closed most turbulent phase of a new period of Maslowski's painting.

Pejzaż jesienny z Rybiniszek (Autumn landscape of Rybiniszki), watercolour, 1902 (National Museum in Warsaw)

In 1899, Masłowski exhibited a dozen of watercolours in Krywult exhibition room of art. This year and in 1902 he participated in the exhibitions of the Vienna Secession. In 1900 he traveled to Italy and Paris. In 1901, in the editorial of "Chimera" monthly magazine, he presented a set of small watercolours. Here are the leading Masłowski's works of these years. Of 1898 come paintings: "Chart" (en.: Greyhound), "Portret dziewczynki" (en. Portrait of a Girl), "Giewont we mgle" (en. Giewont Tatra Peak in the mist); then of 1899 – "Rynek w Kazimierzu" (en. Market Square in Kazimierz), and "Kapliczka w Kazimierzu" (en. A Wayside shrine in Kazimierz), and finally of 1902 – a big image of "Cyganka" (en.: Gypsy Woman), landscapes of Rybiniszki (former Polish Livonia now in Eastern Latvia),[17] "Wrona" (en. Crow), "Kamienica pod Okrętem" (en. "Tenement under Ship" in Warsaw Old Town). It is worth noting that these are only watercolours. A Picture "Rynek w Kazimierzu" (en.: Market Square in Kazimierz) was awarded the medal on the Universal Exhibition in Paris (1900). A collective show of his paintings in 1902, in the Zachęta (i.e. Society for Encouragement of Fine Arts) ends the second phase of Masłowski's explorations. Of the numerous reviews deserves reminder E. Niewiadomski's sentence: "Masłowski's place will be in the same series, in which were artists otherwise of different measure: Kossak Juliusz, Matejko, Grottger, Chełmoński, Piechowski. He is a national artist through and through. National are the motives of his works and their concepts, the national temperament, life gushing from images, colour strength [...]".

In 1903 Maslowski tried his hand in decorative arts – painting a ceiling in the ballroom and chapel choir in a palace at Supraśl.

The special exhibition in the "Zachęta" (1904) demonstrated 58 Masłowski's watercolours. In 1905–1907 Maslowski worked experimenting in his Warsaw studio (at Mokotowska street). He did illustrations for "Pan Tadeusz" (special edition in 1905 for subscribers of "Rozwój" Publishers in Łodź),[18][19] as well as another figure compositions, for instance a full of rhythm and expressive image of "Pijani Chłopi" ("Drunken Peasants", 1906, National Museum in Warsaw), the scene of the Revolution of 1905 – "Patrol Kozaków" ("Cossacks Patrol"), also known as "Wiosna 1905" ("Spring 1905") or "Świt 1906" ("Dawn 1906" – painting of 1906, Museum of Art in Łódź)[20][21] ,[22][23] picture "Pierwsze Żyto" ("First Rye", 1907) and rare attempt of symbolism in Masłowski's work – Świątynia Sztuki" ("The Temple of Art", 1907, lost). In autumn of 1907 the charming landscapes of Radziejowice was created – combining graphic lines with the painterly clarity of stains, such as "Pond in Radziejowice" (1907). Plein air in Nowosiółka on Volhynia in 1908 brought 18 watercolours exhibited in the "Zacheta" – Society for the Encouragement of Fine Arts. As already mentioned, in 1909 and 1910 took place Masłowski's individual exhibitions in the Zachęta.[24] From this period (1909) originates, inter alia, watercolour, entitled "Maki" (The Field of Corn Poppies). In the following years, until 1914, he exhibited in the "Zacheta" – Society for the Encouragement of Fine Arts the landscapes of Italy, Tunisia and Polish of Wola Rafałowska village, including: "Podwórze w Villi d'Este " (Courtyard at Villa d'Este),"Zatoka Neapolitańska" (Bay of Naples), "Krowy" (The Cows), "Białe maki" (White Poppies – the field of corn poppies), "Chojar" (A single old pine-tree), "Motyw z Taorminy" (Theme from Taormina), "Beduinka" (Bedouin Woman), "Wejście do Pałacu Beja" (Entrance to the Bey Palace),"Kawiarnia arabska" (Arabic Cafe) and other. All of them presented an unusual wealth of colour and decoration, a rare freshness and directness of vision. Examples of watercolor paintings from this period are the images of "Poppies" and "A Hollyhocks in the garden" (1911). There were also oil pictures at that time.

Soon he returned to landscape painting. Works of this final period was uneven. The most outstanding works of this time include watercolor paintings from a trip to Italy in 1922 and some landscapes of Wola Rafałowska village, such as a few from the year 1924: "Ule" (The Beehives – the Upper Silesian Museum in Bytom), "Gryka" (The Field of Buckwheat) and "Łubin" (The Field of Yellow Lupin – The National Museum, Warsaw).[25][26]

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ (Polish) Register of baptismal certificates, St. Pauline Parish, Włodawa.
  2. ^ See.: (Polish) Masłowski M. [coll.]: Stanisław Masłowski – Materiały do życiorysu i twórczości (Stanisław Masłowski – Materials for the biography and works), Wrocław 1957, p.232.
  3. ^ see (in Polish): http://maciejmazur.cba.pl/goreccy/genealogia.html ; http://maciejmazur.cba.pl/d/2/index.html and http://maciejmazur.cba.pl/mazurowie/-_rod_samsonow.html (acc: 2014-02-17)
  4. ^ See: (Polish) Piotr Jankiewicz, Marek Piotrowski: Podziały administracyjne i urzędnicy (XIII-XVIII w.). Przynależność administracyjna Wielunia (do XVI wieku) - Z Rudy do Wielunia [Administrative divisions and officials (13th-18th centuries) - Wieluń administrative belonging up to the 16th century]-see(Polish): http://www.historiawielunia.uni.lodz.pl/urzedy.html (acc.: 2012:11:18)
  5. ^ (Polish) Łoza S.: Legia honorowa w Polsce 1803–1923 (French Order of Legion of Honour in Poland 1803–1923), Zamość 1923, ed. Zygmunt Pomarański i Spółka (reprint Warszawa 1986, ed. Wydawnictwa Artystyczne i Filmowe - WAiF), p. 38, entry No 284
  6. ^ (Polish) Bielecki R.: Szwoleżerowie gwardii (Guard cavalrymen), series: "Słynne Pułki Polskie" (Famous Polish Regiments), ed. "Neriton", Warsaw 1996, p. 240 (entry No 2259)
  7. ^ (Polish) Masłowski M. [coll.]: Stanisław Masłowski – Materiały do życiorysu i twórczości (Stanisław Masłowski – Materials for the biography and works), Wrocław 1957, op.cit.
  8. ^ (Polish) Polski Słownik Biograficzny, Wrocław-Warszawa-Kraków-Gdańsk 1975 (ed. Polska Akademia NaukZakł. Narod. im. Ossolińskich), vol.XX/1, p. 129 (entry: "Stanisław Masłowski"), p.129
  9. ^ (Polish) Masłowski M. [coll.]: Stanisław Masłowski – Materiały..., op.cit.
  10. ^ See: (Polish) http://pl.wikisource.org/wiki/Jak_si%C4%99_dzieci_w_Bronowie_z_Rozali%C4%85_bawi%C5%82y (Maria Konopnicka: "How do children in Bronów with Rozalia entertained" in Wikiźródła, acc.: 2012:11:18)
  11. ^ (Polish) Polski Słownik Biograficzny, Wrocław-Warszawa-Kraków-Gdańsk 1975 (ed. Polska Akad. NaukZakł. Narod. im. Ossolińskich), vol.XX/1, op.cit.p.129
  12. ^ See.: (Polish) Masłowski M. [coll.]: Stanisław Masłowski – Materiały do życiorysu i twórczości (Stanisław Masłowski – Materials for the biography and works), Wrocław 1957, p.232.
  13. ^ See: (Polish) Giorgio Vasari: Żywoty najsławniejszych malarzy, rzeźbiarzy i architektów (Lives of the Most Eminent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects), Warszawa 1989, Państwowy Instytut Wydawniczy - PIW, p.XXXVI - where K.Estreicher - (author of introduction and notes) writes: "We felt the need for a translation of the works of Vasari. Before World War I it was S.Masłowski, who translated the 'Lives', next it was J.Morawiński in interwar period. Manuscripts of these translations preserved."
  14. ^ (Polish) Gerson W.: Wystawa TZSP (TZSP Exhibition), Tygodnik Ilustrowany (Illustrated Weekly) 1888, vol. I, p.410
  15. ^ (Polish) Rutkowski S.: Stanisław Masłowski (1853-1926), "Sztuki Piękne" ("Fine Arts") vol.1926, No 10-11
  16. ^ (Polish) Jankowski J.: Wstęp do reprodukcji obrazu Masłowskiego Spór o granicę (Introduction to the reproduction of Masłowski picture: "Border Dispute" Maslowski ), Album sztuki polskiej i obcej (Album of Polish and foreign art), Warsaw 1907 - 1910 (ed. S. Orgelbrand)
  17. ^ (Polish) Trzebiński M.: Pamiętnik malarza (Diary of a painter ), Wrocław 1958
  18. ^ (Polish) Mickiewicz A.: Pan Tadeusz, Łódź [1906], ed.& print. by „Rozwój" - 6 reproduced Masłowski's illustrations to „Pan Tadeusz
  19. ^ (Polish) Komza M.: Mickiewicz ilustrowany (Mickiewicz illustrated), Wrocław 1987 (ed.by Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich), p. 264
  20. ^ (Polish) H.Piątkowski: Kronika malarska. Obrazy S.Masłowskiego w salonie Kulikowskiego (Chronicle of art – S.Masłowski paintings in Kulikowski exhibition room), "Tygodnik Ilustrowany", 1907, vol.I, pp.331-332.
  21. ^ (Polish) W. Wankie: Z wystaw warszawskich (From Warsaw exhibitions), Świat 1907, vol. I, p.15
  22. ^ Repr. in: 1)"Tygodnik Ilustrowany" ("Illustrated Weekly"), 1907, vol. I, p.295; 2)Album sztuki polskiej i obcej (Album of Polish and foreign art), ed. by "Świat" (in colour); 3)5 wieków malarstwa polskiego (5 centuries of Polish painting), Warszawa 1952,tabl.142.
  23. ^ See: (Polish) poem by Jacek Kaczmarski referring to this image Wiosna 1905 (wg obrazu S.Masłowskiego)[acc: 2012-11-14]
  24. ^ (Polish) Piątkowski H.: Wystawa Stanisława Masłowskiego (Stanisław Masłowski exhibition), "Tygodnik Ilustrowany" ("Illustrated Weekly") 1910, vol. II, p. 969
  25. ^ (Polish) Masłowski M. [oprac.]: Stanisław Masłowski - Materiały..., op.cit
  26. ^ (Polish) Cękalska-Zborowska H.: Wieś w malarstwie i rysunku naszych artystów (The Country in painting and drawing of our artists), Warszawa 1969, pp.263-285
  27. ^ Note: Date of production (1884) and the date of signature (1890) are different; see: Stanisław Masłowski - Materiały do życiorysu i twórczości, Wrocław, 1957, ed. Ossolineum (in Polish)
  28. ^ Note: Date of production (1875) and the date of signature (1894) are different; see: Stanisław Masłowski - Materiały do życiorysu i twórczości, Wrocław, 1957, ed. Ossolineum (in Polish)

Bibliography[edit]

  • Archives Stanisław Masłowski family.
  • Artists of the World, A Bio-Bibliographical Index AZ, Vol. 4, Saur, 2000.
  • Bielecki R.: Szwoleżerowie gwardii (Guard cavalrymen), series: "Słynne Pułki Polskie" [Famous Polish Regiments], ed. "Neriton", Warszawa 1996, p. 240 (entry No 2259).
  • "Biesiada Literacka" (Literary Feast, weekly magazine), 1896, p. 279–282.
  • Broniewski K.: Pogadanka artystyczna [Talk about art], "Biblioteka Warszawska", 1902, vol.3, p. 376.
  • Centropa, A Journal of Central European Architecture and Related Arts, Vol. 8, Centropa, 2008, p. 74.
  • Cękalska-Zborowska H.: Wieś w malarstwie i rysunku naszych artystów (Countryside in painting and drawing of our artists), Warszawa 1969, p. 263–285.
  • Dobrowolski T.: Nowoczesne malarstwo polskie (Modern Polish painting), Wrocław 1960, p. 267–275.
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