Stanisław Poniatowski (1754–1833)
|Coat of arms||Ciołek|
Stanisław Poniatowski herbu Ciołek
November 23, 1754|
|Died||February 13, 1833
Prince Stanisław Poniatowski (November 23, 1754 – February 13, 1833) was a Polish nobleman, a member of the wealthy Poniatowski family and a close relative to the last king of Poland, Stanisław II August. He was the Commander of the Foot Guard of the Crown (szef gwardii pieszej koronnej), Grand Treasurer of Lithuania (1784–1791) and Starost of Stryj.
He was the son of Prince Kazimierz Poniatowski, born Count Kazimierz Poniatowski, (September 15, 1721 – 1800), a Polish Szlachcic, podkomorzy wielki koronny (1742–1773), generał wojsk koronnych, Knight of the Order of the White Eagle, awarded on August 3, 1744 in Warsaw.
His father, Kazimierz, was a brother of the last King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, Stanisław II August, who saw in his nephew Stanisław a possible successor. Both, Kazimierz and last King Stanisław were born from Konstancja Czartoryska, (ca. 1696 or January 29, 1700 – October 27, 1759), in-laws of the Polish - Lithuanian Czartoryski philo-Russian family.
Stanisław Poniatowski became the Knight of the Order of White Eagle on December 8, 1773. Very well educated and particularly interested in economy and arts, Poniatowski was not very popular among the nobility (szlachta) who perceived him as being arrogant. He commissioned about 2500 engraved gems to a group of gem-engravers in Rome who turned to Classical literature for inspiration. In 1830, Poniatowski published a summary catalogue of his gems, Catalogue des Pierres Gravees Antiques de S.A. le Prince Stanislas Poniatowski, which contained elaborate descriptions. His collection was sold after his death at a Christie's auction in 1839 and has been dispersed ever since.
After the Partitions of Poland he emigrated to Italy, where he lived in Rome, and then in Florence. He is the ancestor of the present members of the Poniatowski family bearing the title of Fürst Poniatowski or Principe Poniatowski di Monterotondo. Some sources state that he married Cassandra Luci (Rome, 1785 - Florence, 1863) in Rome in 1806, but apparently they never did as she was married to Vicenzo Venturini Benloch. Among his descendants are the Princes Poniatowski of the Empire of Austria and Counts and Princes of Monterotondo in the Grand Duchy of Tuscany:
- Isabella Luci (Rome, 1806 - Florence, 1896), married firstly in January/February 1821 to Count Prospero Bentivoglio (- 1821), without children, and secondly in 1822 to Count Zanobi di Ricci (- October 16, 1844). Then, she married Marquess Filippo De Piccolellis.
- Carlo Luci (Rome, 1808 - Florence, 1887), later Poniatowski, legitimized in 1847, made Conte di Monterotondo by the Grand Duke of Tuscany on November 20, 1847, Principe di Monterotondo by the Grand Duke of Tuscany and Prince Poniatowski by the Emperor of Austria both on November 19, 1850 (Rome, August 4, 1808 - San Pancrazio, July 23, 1887), married in Florence, September 21, 1831 to Elisa Napoleone Montecatini (Lucca, November 4, 1808 - Lucca, April 18, 1893), without children.
- Costanza Luci (Rome, 1811 - Florence, 1851), married to Count Daniele Zappi.
- Giuseppe Michele Saverio Francesco Giovanni Luci (Rome, February 21, 1816 - London, July 4, 1873), later Poniatowski, legitimized in 1847, made Conte di Monterotondo by the Grand Duke of Tuscany on November 20, 1847, Principe di Monterotondo by the Grand Duke of Tuscany and Prince Poniatowski by the Emperor of Austria both on November 19, 1850. He was a composer and a singer, and was sent to Paris as plenipotentiary by Grand Duke of Tuscany Leopold II. In 1834, he married Countess Matilda Perotti (1814 - February 1875) in Florence, and they had one son, Stanislaus August Friedrich Joseph Telemach Luci.
- Michele Luci (Rome, 1816 - Florence, 1864), founder of Imparziale fiorentino.
- Encyclopædia Britannica, 1911, p. 61
- The Nathaniel Hawthorne review, Vol. 22, II, Nathaniel Hawthorne Society, Hawthorne-Longfellow Library, 1996, p. 32
- "Poniatowski Family". Genealogy.eu. Retrieved January 12, 2010.[self-published source][better source needed]
- W. L. Hubbard, The American History and Encyclopedia of Music, p. 168
- AA.VV, Polonia-Italia: relazioni artistiche dal medioevo al XVIII secolo, Polska Akademia Nauk Stacja Naukowa w Rzymie, Zakład Narodowy imienia Ossolińskich, 1979
- The Encyclopædia Britannica: a dictionary of arts, sciences, literature and general information, Vol. 22, 1911, p. 61.
- Jerzy Jan Lerski, Piotr Wróbel, Richard J. Kozicki (1996). Historical Dictionary of Poland, 966–1945. Greenwood Publishing. p. 464.
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