|His Eminence Stanisław Dziwisz|
|Archbishop of Kraków|
|Appointed||3 June 2005|
|Enthroned||27 August 2005|
|Other posts||Cardinal-Priest of San Maria del Popolo|
|Ordination||23 June 1963
by Karol Wojtyła
|Consecration||19 March 1998
by Pope John Paul II
|Created Cardinal||24 March 2006|
|Birth name||Stanisław Dziwisz|
27 April 1939 |
Raba Wyżna, Poland
|Motto||Sursum corda (Lift up your hearts)|
|Coat of arms|
Stanisław Dziwisz (born 27 April 1939) is a Polish prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He has been Archbishop of Kraków since 2005, and was created a cardinal in 2006. He was a longtime and influential aide to Pope John Paul II (he was one of the few people mentioned in the Pope's will, where he was thanked for his almost 40 years of service to the Pontiff), a friend of Pope Benedict XVI, and an ardent supporter of John Paul's eventual beatification. Cardinal Dziwisz participated in his first Papal conclave in March 2013 in Rome, and stated beforehand that the Holy Spirit will guide him and his fellow cardinals in the process of choosing a successor to Pope Benedict XVI.
Early life, ordination, and priesthood 
Dziwisz was born in the village of Raba Wyżna to Stanisław Dziwisz, a railroad worker, and his wife, Zofia Bielarczyk. The fifth of seven children, he has four brothers and two sisters. During World War II, the family hid a Jewish man in their house. When the younger Stanisław was only nine, his father died after being struck by a train while crossing the railroad tracks. He attended the classical Secondary School (Liceum) in Nowy Targ, passing the exam of maturity in 1957.
Dziwisz then entered the Major Seminary of Kraków, where he completed his studies in philosophy and theology. On 23 June 1963, he was ordained to the priesthood for the Archdiocese of Kraków by its auxiliary bishop, Bishop Karol Wojtyła. His first assignment was as a curate at a parish in Maków Podhalański, where he served for two years. He then continued his studies at the Faculty of Theology of Kraków, specialising in liturgy and earning a Licentiate of Sacred Theology in 1967. In October 1966, he was appointed by Archbishop Wojtyła, who had since been elevated to Archbishop of Kraków, to serve as his personal secretary. Dziwisz would remain in this position until Wojtyła's death in 2005.
In addition to his duties as personal secretary to Archbishop Wojtyła, Dziwisz served as professor of liturgy at the Superior Catechetical Institute in Kraków, editor of the official newspaper of the archdiocesan curia, member and secretary of the Archdiocesan Liturgical Commission, and a member of the Presbyteral Council. He also participated in the work of the Committee for the Holy Year (1974–1975) and of the Pastoral Synod of Kraków (1972–1978).
Dziwisz accompanied then-Cardinal Wojtyła to the papal conclave of August 1978, which resulted in the election of Pope John Paul I. Following the death of John Paul I only thirty-three days later, he and Wojtyła returned to Rome for the next conclave, wherein Wojtyła himself was elected pope and chose the name John Paul II. Dziwisz recalled in his book My Life With Karol, "I was standing in Saint Peter's Square, near the gate of the basilica. That's where I heard Cardinal Pericle Felici announce the name of the new Pope: It was my bishop! My bishop!"
Upon the election of Wojtyła as Pope John Paul II, Dziwisz was appointed as the new Pope's principal private secretary, and in that capacity he moved to the Vatican with the new pontiff. Dziwisz served as private secretary to the Pope throughout the entirety of John Paul II twenty-seven year pontificate. During the first twenty years of his service in the Vatican, Dziwisz held only the title of principal private secretary, and remained a priest. In 1998, however, he was given the additional status of Adjunct Prefect of the Papal Household, and was raised to the episcopate.
Dziwisz was appointed titular bishop of San Leone and joint head of the Prefecture of the Papal Household on 7 February 1998. He was consecrated a bishop on 19 March of that year, the principal consecrator being Pope John Paul II, and the co-consecrators Cardinal Secretary of State Angelo Cardinal Sodano and the then Cardinal-Archbishop of Kraków Franciszek Cardinal Macharski. John Paul II elevated Dziwisz to the rank of archbishop on 29 September 2003, still having the titular see of San Leone.
Adjunct Prefect of the Papal Household 
He was best known as a member of the Prefecture of the Papal Household and for his nearly forty years of papal service as private secretary to Pope John Paul II. John Paul and Dziwisz were said to have a father-son like relationship. Dziwisz slept in a bedroom next to that of John Paul's, was always near him during Mass, and was with him almost every waking moment. During John Paul's papacy, he became one of the most influential voices in the Vatican.
Death of John Paul II 
As the health of John Paul declined, some speculated that Dziwisz, as one of John Paul's most trusted aides, may have been preparing the faithful for the worst. The Rome newspaper Il Messaggero reported that he mentioned his concern to another Polish priest. According to Vatican sources he told the priest, "Pray for the pope, because he's getting worse." 
On 31 March 2005, John Paul's condition became so serious Archbishop Dziwisz administered the Anointing of the Sick to him. Before the death of John Paul II, Dziwisz was reported to have helped him write a message to his staff not to grieve, that he (John Paul) was happy and that they should be too.
When John Paul died on 2 April 2005, Archbishop Dziwisz was at his bedside. According to rules created by John Paul, Dziwisz packed his belongings and vacated the papal apartments before they were sealed by the Camerlengo. It was believed that John Paul had hoped to appoint Archbishop Dziwisz as Archbishop of Kraków and elevate him to become a cardinal, a post and title the pope had held. A vacancy did not however occur before John Paul's death. It was Pope Benedict XVI who named Dziwisz to the post of archbishop of Kraków, and later elevated him to cardinal.
During the Mass of Requiem on 8 April for John Paul, Archbishop Dziwisz had the honour of placing a white silk veil over the face of the Pope before the body was lowered into three separate caskets. It was the symbolic last act of service of Archbishop Dziwisz as papal secretary for John Paul.
Archbishop of Krakow 
On 3 June 2005, Benedict XVI appointed Dziwisz as successor to the retiring Cardinal Macharski as Archbishop of Kraków. It had been suggested that John Paul II had been grooming Dziwisz for the position and was merely waiting for Macharski to retire before making such an appointment. Benedict XVI is believed to have made the appointment in fulfilment of one of the last wishes of John Paul II.
Stanisław Cardinal Dziwisz
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
At the consistory of 24 March 2006, Archbishop Dziwisz was raised to the cardinalate, becoming Cardinal-Priest of the Titulus S. Mariae de Populo. It is customary to name the bishops of certain important episcopal sees, such as Kraków, to the College of Cardinals. Dziwisz had also been mentioned as the possible secret cardinal in pectore appointed by John Paul II in 2003, but the pope took this secret to the grave. Dziwisz's elevation to the cardinalate will allow him to participate in any upcoming papal conclaves until his 80th birthday in 2019.
Recipient of award from Anti-Defamation League 
On 26 May 2010, Cardinal Dsiwisz was awarded the Cardinal Bea Interfaith Award of the Jewish Anti-Defamation League. “Cardinal Dziwisz is a valued friend to the Jewish people and someone I know I can trust and turn to in moments of tension or controversy,” said Abraham Foxman, President of the Anti-Defamation League.
Cardinal Dsiwisz replied “As the Bishop of Krakow, I would like to assure all of you that the Catholic Church in Poland wants to follow the example of Pope John Paul II, and courageously uncover and reject everything which makes the life of the Polish Catholics depart from the Gospel,” said Cardinal Dziwisz. “For this reason, we note with shame that despite the unambiguous teachings of recent Popes on the appropriate attitudes of Catholics to Jews, many among us have not been able to overcome prejudices, inveterate resentments and harmful stereotypes.”
Outside candidate to become the next pope in 2013 
On 11 February 2013, Pope Benedict XVI resigned, effective 28 February 2013, citing health concerns. While not mentioned in the popular press 'papabili' list of cardinals considered to be most likely in the running for the next pope, for 40 years Dziwisz was the private secretary to Karol Wojtyla, who became Pope John Paul II. Dziwisz assumed responsibility for the pope's correspondence and the Pope's Vatican matters during the pope's ill years. While considered to have only an 'outside chance' of selection, and largely underestimated and overlooked by the press, Cardinal Dziwisz' lifetime experience living and working with Karol Wojtyla to the highest decision making levels of Vatican policy make him among the most experienced and well-versed of cardinals in terms of Vatican protocol, procedures and upholding Roman Catholic dogma. Time Magazine described Dziwisz in 2002 as the 'Heavyweight cardinal, the real power behind the papal throne, (is) a humble clergyman named Don Stanislaw. Not considered an intellectual ideological force, Dziwisz isn't looking to shape doctrinal issues, insiders say. Instead, Dziwisz has come to serve as a mediator among the powerful priests inside the Roman Curia.
When Benedict XVI decided to resign as Pope during February 2013, Cardinal Dziwisz said that the late Pope John Paul II had stayed on as Pope, despite failing health in the last decade of his life, because the late Pontiff believed 'you cannot come down from the cross'. He added, "I understand the reasons that the Holy Father presented to the members of the consistory. After John Paul II's death, Benedict XVI has guided Christ's Church with great reflection and wisdom, which come from his exceptional intellectual ability as well as his deep faith. I thank the Holy Father for all his efforts to renew the Church in the spirit of fidelity to the Teacher of Nazareth." 
At 73, Cardinal Dziwisz is one of the older possible candidates in consideration to become the next pope in 2013. A key difference versus the 2005 conclave is Cardinal Dsiwisz is five years younger than Joseph Ratzinger was (when he was named the new pope) in April 2005. The resignation of Pope Benedict XVI allows for a conclave to elect a new pope before Easter. Nine individuals 75 years or older (older than Dziwisz) have been elected pope, beginning with Callixtus III in 1455, the latest being Pope Benedict XVI in 2005.
In an interview Cardinal Dziwisz gave to the Catholic weekly Niedziela posted on the Global Catholic Network on 20 February 2013, Dziwisz reflected on his relationship as the longtime best friend and papal assistant of Pope John Paul II for 40 years, and rationalized the pending conclave as being the will of the Holy Spirit. "John Paul II, in his testament, wrote 'The Holy Spirit will show.' The cardinals gathered at prayer must recognize this will of God, accept the indication of the Holy Spirit and in this way introduce a new pope. It will be the first time I will have participated in a conclave but as I have heard from other cardinals, one can feel the presence of the Holy Spirit in a conclave. One has to open to His inspiration and choose the man whom God wants. I have much trustfulness in the prayer of the Church, we can ask the Holy Spirit through it, so that the Holy Spirit would show the most suitable person among candidates, for today and the tomorrow of the Church." 
General Congregation of the College of Cardinals 
Cardinal Dziwisz joined the College of Cardinals in Rome in March 2013 for a week of discussions on the problems of the church and who might lead it. On Friday, 8 March 2013, the College of Cardinals decided the timetable for the official conclave of 115 cardinals to elect the successor of Benedict XVI as leader of the Roman Catholic Church would begin in the afternoon on 12 March 2013. The 115 voting cardinal electors now at The Vatican will enter the Sistine Chapel and begin the conclave to elect the 264th Pope.
The Passion of the Christ 
Information on cooperating clergy 
Stanislaw Cardinal Dziwisz has forbidden a priest from revealing information on clerics cooperating with Communist secret services.
Influence on sainthood for Pope John Paul II 
Cardinal Dziwisz, after meeting with Pope Benedict XVI in early March 2007, dropped a bombshell in a conversation with a group of reporters in Rome. He asked whether beatification, a step that allows for 'local' devotion, was even necessary for a world figure like Pope John Paul II and inferred his influence could expedite the process for John Paul II to become a Catholic saint on a faster track than Vatican protocol normally required.
"It is certainly possible to skip the beatification and immediately begin the canonization process. This is something the Holy Father can decide," Cardinal Dziwisz said.
Decision on interment of president Lech Kaczyński in Wawel Cathedral 
In April 2010, Cardinal Dziwisz decided the late Polish president Lech Kaczyński would be buried in the Wawel Cathedral. The controversial decision led to protests throughout Poland. Cardinal Dziwisz later claimed that the idea came from the president's twin brother, Prime Minister Jarosław Kaczyński and not him.
DeGollado and Hans Groer involvement 
Dziwisz was a staunch supporter of Roman Catholic priest Marcial Maciel Degollado of Mexico, the founder of the Legion of Christ and the Regnum Christi movement. Author Jason Berry wrote Degollado spent years cultivating Vatican support by funneling money to the Vatican. Under Maciel, the Legion of Christ steered streams of money through Dziwisz to the pope and the Vatican designated for use in relation to the pope's private Masses in the Apostolic Palace.
Dziwisz was instrumental in blocking an investigation into allegations of harassment against the late Benedictine Cardinal of Vienna Hans Hermann Cardinal Groer. Groer, who died in 2003, headed the Vienna archdiocese and presided over the influential Austrian episcopal conference. Groer, who always denied wrongdoing, was praised by Pope John Paul II as a faithful servant.
Bibliography of the Cardinal Dziwisz (in Polish language) 
- Michał Pietrzak (oprac.), Kronika Parafii Raba Wyżna T. I, 1835–1993, Kraków – Raba Wyżna 2011.
- T. Chmura, Z Raby Wyżnej przez Kraków na Watykan. Curriculum Vitae księdza biskupa Stanisława Dziwisza, [w:] „Analecta Cracoviesnia” XXX – XXXI 1998 – 1999, s. 9 – 22.
- Gmina Raba Wyżna, zebrał i oprac. E. Siarka, Kraków – Michałowice 2004.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Stanisław Dziwisz|
- Michał Pietrzak (oprac.), Kronika Parafii Raba Wyżna T. I, 1835–1993, Kraków – Raba Wyżna 2011, s. 245–248.
- Israely, Jeff (10 June 2002). "The Man Behind the Pope". Time Magazine.
- Dziwisz, Stanislaw (2008). A Life With Karol: My Forty-Year Friendship with the Man Who Became Pope. Doubleday.
- "DZIWISZ, Stanisław". The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church.
- "Stanislaw Cardinal Dziwisz". The Hierarchy of the Catholic Church.
- "KS. KARDYNAŁ STANISŁAW DZIWISZ". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Kraków.
- "DZIWISZ Card. Stanisław". Holy See.
- The Passion of the Christ
- Cardinal censures curious cleric
|Catholic Church titles|
|Personal Papal secretary
16 October 1978 – 2 April 2005
|New title||Adjunct Prefect of the Prefecture of the Papal Household
7 February 1998 – 3 June 2005
Jacques Maurice Faivre
|Titular Archbishop of San Leone
29 September 2003 – 3 June 2005
Víctor Manuel Ochoa Cadavid
|Archbishop of Kraków
3 June 2005 – present
|Cardinal-Priest of San Maria del Popolo
24 March 2006 – present