Stanislaus Hosius

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His Eminence
Stanislaus Hosius
Prince-Bishop of the Bishopric of Warmia, Bishop of Chełmno
Stanisław Hozjusz 1.PNG
Portrait of Cardinal Hosius by Marcello Bacciarelli
Native name Stanisław Hozjusz
Diocese Warmia
Orders
Created Cardinal 1551
Rank Cardinal-Priest
Personal details
Born (1504-05-05)5 May 1504
Krakow, Kingdom of Poland
Died 5 August 1579(1579-08-05) (aged 75)
Capranica Prenestina, Italy
Nationality Polish
Denomination Roman Catholic
Parents Ulrich Hosse of Pforzheim
Education University of Padua, University of Bologna

Stanislaus Hosius (Polish: Stanisław Hozjusz; Kraków, Poland, 5 May 1504 – 5 August 1579, Capranica Prenestina, Italy) was a Roman Catholic cardinal; from 1551, Prince-Bishop of the Bishopric of Warmia, Poland; from 1558, papal legate to the Holy Roman Emperor's Imperial Court in Vienna, Austria; from 1566, papal legate to Poland.

Early life[edit]

Hosius was born in Kraków, son of Ulrich Hosse of Pforzheim, and studied law at the University of Padua and the University of Bologna, Italy. He became Bishop of Chełmno in 1549 and Prince-Bishop of Warmia in 1551. Hosius had Jesuit sympathies and actively opposed the Protestant Reformation.

Career[edit]

Hosius was not distinguished as a theologian, though he drew up the Confessio fidei christiana catholica, adopted by the Synod of Piotrków in 1557. He was, however, supreme as a diplomat and administrator. The Pope consecrated Hosius to fight the ongoing conversions to Protestantism. Hosius and Marcin Kromer were the two bishops most instrumental in keeping the Warmia region Catholic, while neighboring Ducal Prussia became Protestant in 1525.

Hosius was called to the Imperial seat at Vienna, Austria in 1558/1559, where he was to work on the reopening of the Council of Trent, Italy and on (re)gaining the imperial son Maximilian for Catholicism. For his successful work Hosius was promoted to cardinal in 1561, returning to Warmia in 1563. In 1566 Pope Pius V consecrated him as Papal Legate to Poland.

Death and legacy[edit]

Besides carrying through many difficult negotiations, he founded the lyceum of Braniewo (Braunsberg) in order to counter the rapidly spreading Protestants. It became the center of the Roman Catholic mission among Protestants. In 1572 Pope Gregory XIII declared Hosius a member of the Congregatio Germania. He died at Capranica Prenestina near Rome, Italy on 5 August 1579.

A special friend to Hosius was Blessed Peter Canisius. Both Kromer and Hosius left many records of their German language speeches and sermons in their years of duty in the Bishopric of Warmia. They were later translated to Czech, English, and French.

A collected edition of his works was published at Cologne, Germany in 1584 ( Life by A Eichhorn (Mainz, Germany, 1854), 2 vols).

Literature[edit]

References[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Tiedemann Giese
Prince-Bishop of Warmia (Ermland)
1551–1579
Succeeded by
Martin Kromer