Stanislaus von Prowazek

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Stanislaus von Prowazek.

Stanislaus Josef Mathias von Prowazek, Edler von Lanow (12 November, 1875 Jindřichův Hradec, Bohemia - 17 February, 1915, Cottbus), born Stanislav Provázek, was a Czech zoologist and parasitologist, who along with pathologist Henrique da Rocha Lima (1879-1956) discovered the pathogen of epidemic typhus.

As a student at the University of Prague, he was influenced by the works of zoologist Berthold Hatschek (1854-1941) and philosopher Ernst Mach (1838-1916). Other important influences to his career were immunologist Paul Ehrlich (1854-1915) at Frankfurt (1901) and zoologist Richard von Hertwig (1850-1937) in Munich.

With radiologist Ludwig Halberstädter (1876-1949), he described the inclusion bodies (Halberstädter-Prowazek bodies) of Chlamydia trachomatis, the agent that is the cause of trachoma.[1]

Prowazek studied epidemic typhus in Serbia (1913) and Istanbul (1914). Later, while Prowazek and Rocha Lima were working in a German prison hospital, they both became infected with typhus. Prowazek died soon afterwards on February 17, 1915. Rocha Lima named the infectious agent of epidemic typhus- Rickettsia prowazekii after his colleague.

Written Works[edit]

  • Über Zelleinschlüsse parasitärer Natur beim Trachom. Arbeiten aus dem Kaiserlichen Gesundheitsamte, Berlin, 1907, 26: 44-47. with Ludwig Halberstädter.
  • Zur Aetiologie des Trachoms. Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift, August 1907, 33: 1285.1287. with Ludwig Halberstädter.[2]
  • Einführung in die Physiologie der Einzelligen (1910)
  • Zur Kenntnis der Giemsafärbung vom Standpunkt der Zytologie. - 1914. Digital edition by the University and State Library Düsseldorf (in German)
  • Handbuch der pathogenen Protozoen (1912)

References[edit]