Stanley Autler

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Stanley Howard Autler (March 28, 1922 – October 16, 1991)[1] was an American physicist.

After receiving Bachelors and Masters degrees from the City College of New York, he was award his Ph.D. from Columbia University.[2] Thereafter he joined the staff of Lincoln Laboratory at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he performed research on low temperature physics, solid state physics and high magnetic field superconductivity.[3] In 1955, he and Charles H. Townes demonstrated a new dynamic Stark effect, later known as the Autler–Townes effect. This occurs when "a microwave transition can be split into two components when one of the two levels involved in the transition is coupled to a third one by a strong RF field" (Picque and Pinard 1976).[4]

Autler was a pioneer in the use of small superconducting solenoids with niobium wire, producing a 2.5 T field at a temperature of 4.2 K, then achieving 9.8 T at a temperature of 1.5 K.[2] He became possibly the first person ever to create an application for superconductivity when he used this magnetic field for a solid state maser.[5] This led to widespread interest in the practical uses of superconducting magnets. In 1960, he filed for a patent for a superconducting magnet, which was awarded in 1965.[6] In 1963, he was named head of the Low Temperature Physics section at the Westinghouse Research Laboratories.[7]

He was married to his wife Kaja and the couple had a daughter Lilian who graduated from Yale University.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=zldAAQAAIAAJ&q=%22Autler,+Stanley%22+AND+%221922%22&dq=%22Autler,+Stanley%22+AND+%221922%22&hl=en&ei=MQTKTeOyA6jl0QGHjpH_Bw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4&ved=0CDcQ6AEwAw
  2. ^ a b c Foner, S. (June 1995). "High-field magnets and high-field superconductors". IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity 5 (2): 121–140. doi:10.1109/77.402512. 
  3. ^ "Transcript, Ninth Ann Arbor Industry-Education Symposium". University of Michigan College of Engineering. April 9, 1964. 
  4. ^ Picque, J. L.; Pinard, J. (April 1976). "Direct observation of the Autler-Townes effect in the optical range". Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics 9 (5): L77–L81. Bibcode:1976JPhB....9L..77P. doi:10.1088/0022-3700/9/5/003. 
  5. ^ Lee, Peter J. (2001). "The Early Years of Superconductivity". A Historical Introduction to Superconductivity and Magnetism. Retrieved 2011-05-06. 
  6. ^ Rogers, Madolyn Bowman (February 2001). "Finding the first patent for a superconducting magnet". Symmetry Breaking 8 (1). Retrieved 2011-05-06. 
  7. ^ Staff (December 13, 1963). "Announcements". Science 142 (3598): 1447. Bibcode:1963Sci...142R1447.. doi:10.1126/science.142.3598.1447. Retrieved 2011-05-06.