Stanley Colville

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Sir Stanley Colville
Admiral Sir Stanley Colville (LOC).jpg
Born 21 February 1861
Died 9 April 1939 (aged 78)
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  Royal Navy
Rank Admiral
Commands held Portsmouth Command
Battles/wars World War I
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George
Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order

Admiral Sir Stanley Cecil James Colville GCB GCMG GCVO (21 February 1861 – 9 April 1939) was a British Royal Navy officer.

Naval career[edit]

Colville was born in Eaton Place, London, the second son of Charles Colville, 10th Lord Colville of Culross, entitling him to the style "The Honourable". His mother, Cecile, was the daughter of Robert Carrington, 2nd Baron Carrington. Colville was educated at Marlborough College and entered the training ship Britannia in July 1874. In October 1876 he was promoted Midshipman and appointed to the battleship Sultan in the Mediterranean Fleet. In May 1878 he transferred to the battleship Black Prince in the Channel Fleet and in January 1879 to the corvette Boadicea at the Cape of Good Hope Station. Later that year he served on land during the Zulu War. In October 1880 he was commissioned Sub-Lieutenant and posted to Portsmouth for further training.

In July 1882 he joined the battleship Alexandra, flagship of the Mediterranean Fleet. He was promoted Lieutenant in November 1882 for his services at the bombardment of Alexandria.[1] In May 1883 he joined the corvette Canada on the North American Station, serving alongside Midshipman Prince George of Wales (later King George V). In September 1884 he rejoined Alexandra and served ashore with the force attempting to relieve General Gordon at Khartoum. In October 1889 he joined the sloop Buzzard on the North America Station.

In August 1890 he was appointed First Lieutenant of the Royal Yacht Victoria and Albert. He was promoted Commander in August 1892[2] and in May 1893 joined the battleship Trafalgar, now flagship of the Mediterranean Fleet. In 1896 he took command of the gunboats of the Nile Flotilla in Sudan. He was badly wounded, promoted Captain in August 1896, and appointed Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) in November 1896.[3]

From 1897 to 1898 he was Naval Adviser to the Inspector-General of Fortifications at the War Office in London. In September 1898 he took command of the battleship Barfleur as Flag Captain to Rear-Admiral Penrose Fitzgerald, second-in-command of the China Station. In March 1900 he was appointed Flag Captain to Vice-Admiral Sir Frederick Bedford in the cruiser Crescent on the North America and West Indies Station. In May 1902 he became Chief of Staff to Admiral Sir Compton Domvile, Commander-in-Chief of the Mediterranean Fleet, in the battleship Bulwark.[4] He was appointed Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (CVO) in June 1902.[5] In December 1905 he took command of the battleship Hindustan in the Atlantic Fleet and was appointed an ADC to the King.[6]

Colville was promoted Rear-Admiral in November 1906 and hoisted his flag in the Bulwark, now in the Home Fleet. In February 1909 he was appointed to command the 1st Cruiser Squadron of the Channel Fleet in HMS Drake. In July 1909 he transferred his flag to the new battlecruiser Indomitable. He was promoted Vice-Admiral in April 1911.[7] In June 1912 he took command of the 1st Battle Squadron of the Home Fleet, flying his flag in HMS Collingwood and was appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB). In September 1914 he was given shore command of the Orkney Islands and Shetland Islands and was shortly afterwards promoted Admiral. He held this vital command, responsible for the main support of the Grand Fleet at Scapa Flow and other bases,[citation needed] until February 1916, when he was appointed Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth. He was appointed Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order (GCVO) in July 1915[8] and Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George (GCMG) in 1919. In July 1919 he was appointed First and Principal Naval Aide-de-Camp to the King,[9] a post he held until his retirement in April 1922.[10] He was appointed Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (GCB) in July 1921.

He was appointed to the honorary offices of Rear-Admiral of the United Kingdom in 1927[11] and Vice-Admiral of the United Kingdom and Lieutenant of the Admiralty in 1929.[12]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 25169. p. 5173. 17 November 1882.
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26322. p. 5016. 2 September 1892.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26795. p. 6271. 17 November 1896.
  4. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence" The Times (London). Tuesday, 22 April 1902. (36748), p. 12.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27440. p. 3681. 6 June 1902.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27863. p. 8899. 12 December 1905.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 28485. p. 2967. 14 April 1911.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 29232. p. 6959. 16 July 1915.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: no. 31489. p. 9961. 5 August 1919.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: no. 32668. p. 2934. 11 April 1922.
  11. ^ The London Gazette: no. 33236. p. 39. 4 January 1927.
  12. ^ The London Gazette: no. 33480. p. 2084. 26 March 1929.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Hedworth Meux
Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth
1916–1919
Succeeded by
Sir Cecil Burney
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Sir Henry Jackson
First and Principal Naval Aide-de-Camp
1919–1922
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Madden
Preceded by
Sir Edmund Fremantle
Rear-Admiral of the United Kingdom
1926–1929
Succeeded by
Sir Montague Browning
Preceded by
Sir Francis Bridgeman
Vice-Admiral of the United Kingdom
1929–1939
Succeeded by
Sir Montague Browning