|Born||July 22, 1918
|Died||July 24, 2009
Cause of death
|Education||University of Michigan|
|Occupation||Government economist, Professor Emeritus|
|Employer||Bureau of Labor Statistics, Wesleyan University|
|Known for||Economic books and historical unemployment statistics|
Early life and family
Stanley Lebergott was born in Detroit, Michigan on July 22, 1918 and went to the University of Michigan, where he got both a bachelor's degree and a master's degree in economics in the late 1930s. He married Ruth Wellington in 1941, and they had two children (one daughter and one son), Karen and Steven. Steven died in 1995 but Lebergott's wife and daughter Karen outlived him.
Lebergott joined the Bureau of Labor Statistics in 1940. He compiled historical unemployment statistics for the time period between 1890 and the 1950s, and his statistics were widely popularized until Christina Romer and others found flaws in them and accordingly modified them. He joined the Wesleyan University faculty in 1962 and stayed there until his retirement in 1995. He also wrote a book called "Manpower in Economic Growth" in 1964, in which he discussed U.S. historical economic growth, poverty, and income inequality. In 1975, he wrote "Wealth and Want", a book about how government policies affect poverty. In 1993, he wrote another book called "Pursuing Happiness: American Consumers in the Twentieth Century".
Lebergott consistently argued about the positive impact of consumerism on the U.S. economy and the standard of living of the American people (including improved health, higher wages, less drug use, better technology, and more privacy) throughout his career. Boston University economics professor Robert Margo wrote that
Lebergott's influence on economic history has been profound. There are few activities that economic historians can engage in of greater consequence than reconstructing the hard numbers. In this line of work Lebergott had few peers. 'Manpower' put the labor force—people—at the center of economic history, not the bloodless 'agents' of economic models but real people.
This statement indicated the importance of Lebergott's work in academic economic discourse.
- "Passings / Stanley Lebergott". Los Angeles Times. August 3, 2009.
- Lebergott, Stanley (2002). "Wages and Working Conditions". In David R. Henderson (ed.). Concise Encyclopedia of Economics (1st ed.). Library of Economics and Liberty. OCLC 317650570, 50016270 and 163149563
- Joe Holley (August 2, 2009). "Stanley Lebergott, 91, Dies; Economist Saw the Good in Consumer Culture". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 27, 2012.
- Lebergott, Stanley (1957). "Annual Estimates of Unemployment in the United States, 1900-1954". The Measurement and Behavior of Unemployment. The National Bureau of Economic Research. pp. 211–242.
- Romer, Christina (1986). "Spurious Volatility in Historical Unemployment Data". Journal of Political Economy 94 (1): 1–37. doi:10.1086/261361. JSTOR 1831958.