Aerial view of Stanley Park
|Area||404.9 hectares (4.049 km2; 1.563 sq mi)|
|Operated by||Vancouver Park Board|
|Status||Open all year|
|Official name: Stanley Park National Historic Site of Canada|
Stanley Park is a 404.9 hectare (1,001 acre) urban park bordering downtown Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. It was opened in 1888 by Mayor David Oppenheimer in the name of Lord Stanley of Preston, the Governor-General of Canada.
It is more than 10% larger than New York City's Central Park and almost half the size of London's Richmond Park. The park attracts an estimated eight million visitors every year, including locals and tourists, who come for its recreational facilities and its natural attributes. A paved 22 kilometres (14 mi) seawall path circles the park, which is used by 2.5 million pedestrians, cyclists, and inline skaters every year. Much of the park remains forested with an estimated half million trees, some of which stand as tall as 76 metres (249 ft) and are up to hundreds of years old. There are approximately 200 kilometres (120 mi) of trails and roads in the park, which are patrolled by the Vancouver Police Department's equine mounted squad. The Project for Public Spaces has ranked Stanley Park as the sixteenth best park in the world and sixth best in North America.
The area of the park is the traditional territory of several different indigenous tribes. On the Burrard Inlet and Howe Sound regions, Squamish had many villages in this park. On the lower Fraser River area, Musqueam used the area for resource gathering. Where Lumberman's Arch is now in Stanley Park, a large Squamish village once presided called X̱wáýx̱way meaning Place of masks. The dwellings traditionally used was a longhouse built from cedar poles and slabs. One longhouse was measured at 200 feet (61 m) long by 60 feet (18 m) wide. These houses were occupied by large extended families living in different quadrants of the house. The larger houses were used to ceremonial potlatchs where a host would invite guests to witness and participate in ceremonies and the giving away of property.
The park itself was a rich resource for gathering food and materials. The Squamish "cut down large cedar trees in Stanley Park for making canoes and other purposes" utilizing "nothing but stone chisels and a big round stone for a hammer." Where present Second Beach is, a place called "St’i’tekekw’" to Squamish was used to gather "a clay material or muddy substance formally obtained right in the bed of a small creek... which, when rolled into loaves, as (my people) did it, and heated or roasted before a fire, turned into a white like chalk" This material was used in the making of mountain goat wool and dog wool blankets. The Squamish name references this material. Another home for local natives was where present Prospect Point is. This place is called "Schi'lhus" meaning High Bluff. Coal Harbour was known as a fishing spot for herring. August Jack, a local historian and celebrated dual chief of the Squamish and Musqueam, who once lived at Schi’lhus, remembered his early days when him and his brother were "fish-raking in Coal Harbor" and "got lots of herring in (the) canoe". Deadman's Island (properly called Deadman Island on official charts and maps) located in Coal Harbour was once used a burial island, possibly a reason for its macabre name. The popular landmark Siwash Rock is called "Slah-kay-ulsh" meaning "he is standing up." In their oral history, a man was transformed into this rock by the three Transformer brothers. The hole in the rock was where Slah-kay-ulsh kept his fishing tackle, according to Andrew Paull.
First contact between Europeans occurred in 1791, with Spanish Captain Jose Maria Narvaez and British Captain George Vancouver. Captain Vancouver recorded in his journal "Here we met about fifty Indians, in their canoes, who conducted themselves with the greatest decorum and civility, presenting us with many cooked fish, and undressed, of the sort already mentioned as resembling the smelt. These good people, finding we were inclined to make some return for their hospitality, shewed much understanding in preferring copper to iron." In his A Voyage of Discovery, Vancouver describes the area as “an island ... with a smaller island [Deadman Island] lying before it,” indicating that it was originally surrounded by water, at least at high tide. No other contact was recorded for decades, until around the time of the Crimean War when British admirals arranged with Sḵwx̱wú7mesh Joe Capilano that in the case of an invasion, the British would defend the south shore of Burrard Inlet and the Squamish would defend the north.
According to Capilano’s daughter, the British gave him and his men 60 muskets. Although the attack anticipated by the British never came, the guns were used by the Sḵwx̱wú7mesh to repel an attack by an indigenous raid from the north. Stanley Park was not attacked but this was the beginning of it being considered a strategic military location by the British.
The peninsula was designated as a military reserve in the early 1860s in a survey conducted by the Royal Engineers. It was again considered a strategic point in case Americans might attempt an invasion and launch an attack on New Westminster (then the colonial capital) via Burrard Inlet. Although the area was logged by six different companies between the 1860s and 1880s, this military designation saved the land from development. In 1886, as its first order of business, Vancouver’s City Council voted to petition the Dominion government to lease the reserve for use as a park.
To manage their new acquisition, city council appointed a six-man park committee, which was replaced with the Vancouver Park Board in 1890 that was to be elected rather than appointed (a rarity in North American cities). The Vancouver Park Board manages 192 parks on over 12.78 square kilometres (3,160 acres) of land, but Stanley Park remains by far the largest.
On September 27, 1888, the park was officially opened, where it was named after Lord Stanley, Governor General of Canada at the time. The following year, Lord Stanley became the first Governor General to visit British Columbia when he officially dedicated the park. An observer at the event wrote:
“ Lord Stanley threw his arms to the heavens, as though embracing within them the whole of one thousand acres of primeval forest, and dedicated it 'to the use and enjoyment of peoples of all colours, creeds, and customs, for all time. I name thee, Stanley Park.' ”
When Lord Stanley made this declaration, there were still a number of indigenous people living on lands he had claimed for the park. Some, who had built their homes less than twenty years earlier, would continue to live on the land for years. Most of the dwellings at the Squamish village of X̱wáýx̱way were reported as vacant by 1899, and in 1900, two of such houses were purchased by the Park Board for $25 each and burned. One Sḵwx̱wú7mesh family, “Howe Sound Jack,” and Sexwalia “Aunt Sally” Kulkalem, continued to live at X̱wáýx̱way until Sally's death in 1923. Sally's ownership of the property surrounding her home was accepted by authorities in the 1920s, and following her death, the property was purchased from her heir, Mariah Kulkalem, for $15,500 and resold to the Federal government.
In 1908, twenty years after the first petition for the lease, the federal government renewed the lease of Stanley Park to Vancouver for ninety-nine years, renewable in 2007. and rolled over in 2008.
Deadman's Island, a small island off Stanley Park is the site of Vancouver's Naval Reserve Division HMCS Discovery. During the 1860s to early 1880s, early settlers along Burrard Inlet also used the island, along with Brockton Point, as a burial ground and cemetery. Burials ceased when the Mountain View Cemetery opened in 1887, just after Vancouver had become a city. During a small pox outbreak in the late 1880s, Deadman Island became a "pest house" for quarantined victims of the disease and burial site for those who did not survive.
The park was designated a National Historic Site of Canada by the federal government in 1988. It was deemed significant because the relationship between its "natural environmental and its cultural elements developed over time" and because "it epitomizes the large urban park in Canada."
World War I 
A small temporary gun battery was established above Siwash Rock to protect Vancouver from possible attacks from German merchant raiders. This was removed prior to the end of the war. Then in 1936, when Japan moved into Manchuria, the perceived Japanese threat resulted in fortifications being erected in Stanley Park, amongst other areas of Vancouver, most notably at Tower Beach on Point Grey where submarine watch towers still stand as relics.
World War II 
With the threat of a Japanese attack high on peoples' minds, a gun battery with two 6” Mk7 guns on Mk 2 mountings were emplaced at Third beach. Later the 6” guns were replaced by 4” guns. Remains of the emplacement can still be seen, but the bunker has been buried. The Teahouse restaurant is just behind the emplacement and was the mess for the crews serving the guns. The battery was demobilized at the end of the war. Also a searchlight tower was built above Siwash rock and remains intact on the cliff above.
Stanley Park contains numerous natural and man-made attractions that lure visitors to the park. Unlike other large urban parks, Stanley Park is not the product of a landscape architect, but has evolved into its present, mixed-use configuration.
The forest gives the park a more natural character than most other urban parks, leading many users to consider it an urban oasis. It is primarily second and third growth and contains many huge Douglas fir, Western Red cedar, Western Hemlock, and Sitka Spruce trees.
In addition to logging in the nineteenth century, large swathes of the park were deforested by natural causes on three occasions in the city’s history. The first was a combination of an October windstorm in 1934 and a subsequent snowstorm the following January that felled thousands of trees, primarily between Beaver Lake and Prospect Point. Another storm in October 1962, the remnants of Typhoon Freda, cleared a 6-acre (24,000 m2) virgin tract behind the children's zoo, which opened an area for a new miniature railway that replaced a smaller version built in the 1940s. In total, approximately 3,000 trees were lost in that storm.
Another storm ravaged the park on December 15, 2006, with 115 kilometres per hour (71 mph) winds. Over 60% of the western edge was damaged; the worst part was the area around Prospect Point. In total, about 40% of the forest was affected, with an estimated 3,000 trees damaged. Large sections of the seawall were also destabilized by the storm, and many areas of the park were closed to the public pending restoration. The cost of restoration has been estimated at $9 million, which will be covered by contributions from all three levels of government and private and corporate donations.
Since 1992, the tallest trees have been topped and otherwise pruned by park staff for safety reasons.
Because the park has been subjected to such dramatic changes, several landmark trees have been affected. The Hollow Tree was probably the most photographed park element in bygone years, an obligatory stop for locals, tourists and dignitaries alike, and a professional photographer was on hand to capture the visit for a fee. The tree was saved from road widening in 1910 through the lobbying efforts of the photographer who made his living at the tree. Automobiles and horse-drawn carriages would frequently be backed into the hollow, demonstrating the immensity of the tree for posterity. While the remaining 700–800 year-old stump still draws viewers and is commemorated with a plaque, it is no longer alive and has shrunk considerably over the years, from a circumference of 18.3 metres (60 ft) many decades ago, to a more recent 17.1 metres (56 ft). Damaged by the December 2006 windstorm and leaning forward at a dangerous angle, on March 31, 2008, the tree was targeted by the Vancouver Park Board for removal due to potential safety hazards. However, on January 19, 2009, the Board accepted a proposal to save the tree by realigning and stabilizing it at a cost of $250,000, funded entirely by private donations.
Another tree that has achieved fame is the National Geographic Tree, so named because it appeared in the magazine’s October 1978 issue. With a circumference of 13.5 m (44½ ft), it was once one of the more impressive big Western Red cedars of the park. It diminished over time, ravaged by storms, a lightning strike, and topped by park staff to a height of 39.6 metres (130 ft) before being uprooted in October 2007. A small stand of tall trees that has not survived but was once a popular attraction, “The Seven Sisters,” is memorialized by a plaque and new replacement trees. The death of the distinctive fir tree atop Siwash Rock has also been memorialized with a replacement. The original died in the dry summer of 1965, and through the persistent efforts of park staff, a replacement finally took root in 1968.
Bodies of water 
In addition to being nearly surrounded by the Pacific Ocean, Stanley Park is home to several other bodies of water in Vancouver. Beaver Lake is a small lake, mostly covered by lily pads, home to fish and water birds. As of 1997, its surface area was 3.95 hectares, but the lake is slowly shrinking in size. One of Vancouver's few remaining free-flowing streams, Beaver Creek, joins Beaver Lake to the Pacific Ocean and is one of two streams in Vancouver where salmon still return to spawn each year.
Lost Lagoon is a captive 16.6 hectares (41 acres) body of water, west of Georgia Street, near the Georgia Street entrance to the park. Surrounding the lake is a 1.75 kilometres (1.09 mi) trail, and it features a lit fountain that was erected to commemorate the city's golden jubilee. It is a nesting ground to many species of bird, including swan, Canada goose, duck, and great blue heron.
Recreational facilities 
Recreational facilities are abundant in the park, having long co-existed, albeit uneasily, with the aesthetic and more natural park features preferred by those looking to the park as an enclave of nature in the city. The most heavily used and the favourite facility of park users is the seawall encircling the park’s perimeter. Construction of the 8.8 kilometres (5.5 mi) seawall around the park began in 1917, but was not declared finished until September 26, 1971, and did not fully circle the park until 1980.
James "Jimmy" Cunningham, a master mason, dedicated 32 years of his life to the construction of the seawall from 1931 until his retirement in 1963. Even after he retired, Cunningham continued to return (once in his pajamas) to monitor the wall's progress, until his death at 85 on September 29, 1963.
The seawall is a popular destination for walking, running, cycling, and inline skating. There are two paths, one for inline skaters and cyclists and the other for pedestrians. The section around the outside of the park is one-way for cyclists and inline skaters, running counter-clockwise. The walkway has been extended several times and is currently 22 kilometres from end to end, making it the world's longest uninterrupted waterfront walkway. Unofficially, it starts at Canada Place in the downtown core, runs around Stanley Park, along English Bay beach, around False Creek, and finally to Kitsilano Beach. From there, a trail continues 600 metres to the west, connecting to an additional 12 kilometres of beaches and pathways which terminate at the mouth of the Fraser River. The December 2006 storm subjected parts of the park portion of the seawall to mudslides and falling debris, forcing park staff to close it for an extended repair period.
The miniature railroad was built in an area leveled by Typhoon Freda in the 1960s and is especially popular as seasonal “Halloween Trains” and "Christmas Trains". The park also contains tennis courts, an 18-hole pitch and putt golf course, a seaside swimming pool at Second Beach, and the Brockton Oval for track sports, rugby, and cricket. For entertainment, there is the Aquarium, Canada’s first and largest since it opened in 1956, and the Malkin Bowl, rebuilt after a fire in the 1980s and home to the local Theatre Under the Stars.
Until 1996, a main attraction in the park was a zoo, which grew out of the collection of animals begun by the first park superintendent (aka Park Ranger, 1888–1896), Henry Avison, after he captured an orphaned black bear cub and chained it to a stump for safety. Avison was subsequently named city pound keeper, and his collection of animals formed the basis for the original zoo, which eventually housed over 50 animals, including snakes, wolves, emus, buffalo, kangaroos, monkeys, and Humboldt penguins.
In 1994, when plans were developed to upgrade Stanley Park's zoo, Vancouver voters instead decided to phase it out when the question was posed in a referendum. The Stanley Park Zoo closed completely in December 1997 after the last remaining animal, a polar bear named Tuk, died at age 36. He had remained after the other animals had left because of his old age. The polar bear pit, often criticised by animal rights activists, was converted into a demonstration salmon spawning hatchery. Domestic animals and a few reptiles and birds continued to be kept at the Children’s Farmyard, until it was closed as a result of budget cutbacks in January 2011. Numerous varieties of animals live in the park, including 200 bird species, such as peacocks descended from the old zoo, as well as other non-native species.
The Vancouver Aquarium is also located in the park. Since its establishment in 1956, the Aquarium has become the largest in Canada and houses a collection of marine life that includes dolphins, belugas, sea lions, Harbour seals, and sea otters. The popular children's song, "Baby Beluga", was inspired by one of the whales at the facility. In total, there are approximately 300 species of fish, 30,000 invertebrates, 56 species of amphibians and reptiles, and around 60 mammals and birds. The park board approved an $80 million expansion of the Aquarium in November 2006, following considerable public debate and despite a vocal opposition concerned about animal rights and the loss of park trees required by the expansion.
Mammals include a large raccoon population, coyotes, skunks, possibly beavers, rabbits descended from discarded pets, and a thriving grey squirrel population descending from eight pairs given as a gift from New York's Central Park in 1909.
A large great blue heron, Ardea herodias fannini, colony took up digs in a grove of trees near the Park Board Administration Office in 2002. The heronry has continued to grow, with more than 170 active nests recorded last year which are expected to fledge over 200 chicks in a normal season.
Over the years a large collection of monuments has accumulated in Stanley Park, consisting of statues, plaques, and various other memorials commemorating a large variety of things. Among these are statues of Lord Stanley, poet Robert Burns, Olympic runner Harry Jerome, and President Harding; plaques commemorating the wreck of the SS Beaver, the sinking of the Chehalis (a tugboat that collided with the MV Princess Victoria off Stanley Park), Pauline Johnson’s burial site, and the Salvation Army; a replica of the RMS Empress of Japan figurehead; a bronze statue of a Girl in a Wetsuit by Elek Imredy; and a timber-and-stump archway that replaced the original Lumbermen’s Arch built by lumber workers for a visit by the Duke of Connaught, which ultimately succumbed to rot. The original arch was a copy of the Parthenon's front, using whole trees for the columns and gable, and was originally located on the Duke's carriage route at Homer and Pender Streets before it was moved to the park. The new Lumberman's Arch was built with public washrooms and change rooms, with open-air showers adjoining the former Lumberman's Arch Pool, replaced in the 1980s by a waterpark.
Gardens are also a common form of commemoration in the park. The windstorm of 2006 revealed traces of a long-forgotten rock garden in the area of the Tea House and railway, which had once been one of the park's star attractions and also one of its largest man-made objects by area. A monument to the Nisei of British Columbia immediately west of the Aquarium is accompanied by a planting of Japanese maple and flowering cherry and other plants from Japan.
Reflecting the view that the park should be kept in a more natural state and is already saturated, the park board has banned the erection of any further memorials. In what some have considered an exception to the ban, the park board agreed in 2006 to build a new playground at Ceperley Meadows near Second Beach honouring the victims of the Air India Flight 182 bombing. The federal government has earmarked $800,000 to build the playground, which was completed in the summer of 2007. A local historian has also suggested the appropriateness of memorials marking the sites of communities that were displaced in the making of the park at Lumbermen’s Arch (Whoi Whoi, or Xwayxway), Prospect Point (Chaythoos), Brockton Point, and Kanaka Rancherie (at the foot of Denman Street), although a formal proposal has not been put forth. Just west of the Nine O'Clock Gun there is a plaque commemorating these communities.
- Steele, R. Mike (1988). The Vancouver Board of Parks and Recreation: The First 100 Years. Vancouver Board of Parks and Recreation. p. 3.
- Foss, Lindsay. "A Walk through Stanley Park". Travel. Canadian Geographic. Retrieved 2006-12-10.
- Vancouver Park Board Parks and Gardens: Stanley Park Retrieved on 2008-06-15.
- "Seawall getting face-lift". Globe and Mail. 2004-02-21. Retrieved 2006-12-16.
- Parkinson, Alison; Terry Taylor, Vancouver Natural History Society (2006). Wilderness on the Doorstep: Discovering Nature in Stanley Park. Vancouver: Harbour Publishing. pp. 54, 52. ISBN 1-55017-386-3.
- "Welcome to Stanley Park". Parks and Gardens. Vancouver Park Board. Retrieved 2006-12-20.
- "The Mounted Squad Today". Mounted Squad, Patrol District One. Vancouver Police Department. Retrieved 2006-12-16.
- "The World’s Best and Worst Parks". Making Places. Project for Public Spaces. September 2004. Retrieved 2006-12-16.
- Barman, Jean (2007) . Stanley Park's Secret: The Forgotten Families of Whoi Whoi, Kanaka Ranch and Brockton Point. Madeira Park, BC: Harbour Publishing. p. 20. ISBN 978-1-55017-420-5.
- Barman, Jean (2007) . Stanley Park's Secret: The Forgotten Families of Whoi Whoi, Kanaka Ranch and Brockton Point. Madeira Park, BC: Harbour Publishing. p. 46. ISBN 978-1-55017-420-5.
- Barman, Jean (2007) . Stanley Park's Secret: The Forgotten Families of Whoi Whoi, Kanaka Ranch and Brockton Point. Madeira Park, BC: Harbour Publishing. p. 43. ISBN 978-1-55017-420-5.
- Barman, Jean (2007) . Stanley Park's Secret: The Forgotten Families of Whoi Whoi, Kanaka Ranch and Brockton Point. Madeira Park, BC: Harbour Publishing. p. 21. ISBN 978-1-55017-420-5.
- Barman, Jean (2005). Stanley Park's Secret: The Forgotten Families of Whoi Whoi, Kanaka Ranch and Brockton Point. Vancouver: Harbour Publishing. p. 19. ISBN 1-55017-346-4.
- Nicol, Eric (1970). Vancouver. Toronto: Doubleday. p. 13.
- Nicol, Eric (1970). Vancouver. Toronto: Doubleday. pp. 15–16.
- Paull, Andy (26 March 1938). "The Battle-Ground of Stanley Park". Vancouver Sun.
- "Forest – Monument Trees". Stanley Park Nature. Vancouver Park Board. Retrieved 2006-12-20.
- Steele, R. Mike (1988). The Vancouver Board of Parks and Recreation: The First 100 Years. Vancouver Board of Parks and Recreation. p. 1.
- Davis, Chuck; Heather Conn (1997). The Greater Vancouver Book: An Urban Encyclopedia. Surrey, BC: Linkman Press. p. 52. ISBN 1-896846-00-9.
- Historical and Geographical Contexts, Stanley Park Commemorative Integrity Statement, Parks Canada.
- The History of Metropolitan Vancouver: 1908 Retrieved on 2008-06-15.
- Davis, Chuck; Heather Conn (1997). The Greater Vancouver Book: An Urban Encyclopedia. Surrey, BC: Linkman Press. p. 169. ISBN 1-896846-00-9.
- Parks Canada/Vancouver Board of Parks and Recreation (2002-11-26). Stanley Park: Commemorative Integrity Statement (PDF). Retrieved 2006-12-28.
- "Natives urge Stanley Park name change". CBC News. 2010-07-01.
- Stewart Muir (March 15, 2012). "Part Six: Military leaders insisted Japan was no threat to West Coast". The Vancouver Sun. Retrieved March 15, 2012.
- Stephan, Bill; Vancouver Natural History Society (2006). Wilderness on the Doorstep: Discovering Nature in Stanley Park. Vancouver: Harbour Publishing. p. 17. ISBN 1-55017-386-3.
- "Stanley Park – Vancouver's Urban Oasis" (PDF). Tourism Vancouver. Retrieved 2006-12-20.
- "The Damage in the Park". Vancouver Daily Province. 9 February 1934.
- Hazlitt, Tom (22 May 1964). "It's for real – this railroad". Vancouver Daily Province.
- Rook, Katie (2006-12-19). "Stanley Park ‘looks like a war zone’". National Post. Retrieved 2006-12-20.
- "Stanley Park restoration cost rises to $9 million". Vancouver Sun. 2007-01-27. Retrieved 2007-02-08.
- Koshevoy, Himie (7 June 1962). "Saga of Stanley Park". Vancouver Daily Province.
- Steele, Mike (1993). Vancouver's Famous Stanley Park: The Year-Round Playground. Vancouver: Heritage House. p. 108. ISBN 1-895811-00-7.
- Parkinson, Alison (2006). Wilderness on the Doorstep: Discovering Nature in Stanley Park. Vancouver: Harbour Publishing. p. 46. ISBN 1-55017-386-3.
- "Stanley Park's hollow tree gets the axe." CBC News. April 1, 2008.
- "Stanley Park's Hollow Tree spared the axe for good." CBC News. January 19, 2009.
- "Ancient cedar falls in Vancouver's Stanley Park". CBC. 2007-10-11. Retrieved 2007-10-11.
- "Park Tree's Loss Stirs Memories". Vancouver Sun. 10 August 1965.
- "Park Still Feels Frieda's Punch". Vancouver Sun. 6 August 1968.
- "Beaver Lake Environmental Enhancement Project". Vancouver Park Board. 1997-05-30. Retrieved 2008-07-22.
- Hume, Mark (December 2000). "The Lost Streams". Retrieved 2008-07-22.
- McDonald, Robert A. J. (1984). ""Holy Retreat" or "Practical Breathing Spot"? Class Perceptions of Vancouver's Stanley Park, 1910–1913". Canadian Historical Review LXV (2): 139–140.
- "Last stone laid in park's seawall". Vancouver Sun. 27 September 1971.
- Griffin, Kevin; Terri Clark (2005-02-04). "Grand Old Man of the Seawall". Vancouver Sun.
- Pleiff, Margo (2005-05-15). "Vancouver seawall links city's urban and natural delights". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2006-12-01.
- Shore, Randy (2006-12-20). "Storm closes seawall for weeks". Vancouver Sun. Retrieved 2006-12-20.
- Steele, R. Mike (1988). Vancouver Board of Parks and Recreation: The First 100 Years. Vancouver: Vancouver Board of Parks and Recreation. p. 13.
- "Vancouver residents say no to Stanley Park Zoo". Edmonton Journal. 28 April 1996.
- "Aquafacts – Frequently Asked Questions". Vancouver Aquarium. Retrieved 2006-12-28.
- Vancouver Park Board (2006-11-27). "Board of Parks and Recreation Special Board Meeting". Vancouver Park Board. Retrieved 2006-12-28.
- http://vancouver.ca/Parks/parks/wildlife/index.htm Vancouver Park Board
- Osbourne, Stephen (July/August 2004). "Monuments and Memories" (– Scholar search). Canadian Geographic 124 (4): 47–50. Archived from the original on March 23, 2005. Retrieved 2006-12-10.[dead link]
- Hasiuk, Mark (2007-02-06). "Wind exposed more of historic rockery". Vancouver Courier. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2007-03-10. O'Connor, Naoibh (2006-08-18). "Lost garden of Stanley Park". Vancouver Courier. Archived from the original on October 18, 2006. Retrieved 2007-03-10.
- Kittleberg, Lori (2006-07-06). "Air India tribute proposed for Ceperley Park". Xtra West!. Retrieved 2006-12-10.
- Barman, Jean (2005). Stanley Park’s Secret. Vancouver: Harbour Publishing. p. 18. ISBN 1-55017-346-4.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Stanley Park|
- Stanley Park – Vancouver Park Board website
- Map of Stanley Park – PDF Map of Stanley Park
- Stanley Park Ecology Society
- Park Board Map showing areas damaged by December 2006 storm and related closures.
- CTV news story and video footage of aerial survey showing storm damage.
- UBC Faculty of Forestry articles and photos on the windstorm damage and restoration
- Correspondence and papers in reference to Stanley Park and Deadman's Island, British Columbia, Ottawa, Ontario, s.n.1899, Sessional Papers No. 68A, Parliament of Canada, S.E. Dawson, Queen's Printer, by Order of Parliament.
- On the Spot Zoo Story, short 1953 film about the Stanley Park Zoo, City of Vancouver Archives