Stanley Vann

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William Stanley Vann FRCO ARCM (15 February 1910 – 27 March 2010) was an English composer, organist, choral conductor, and choir trainer, primarily in the Anglican cathedral tradition.

Early life[edit]

Born in Leicester, he started to learn the piano around the age of six. He turned to the organ in 1927, achieving his ARCM, ARCO and FRCO diplomas by 1930.

The start of a musical career[edit]

1931 saw his appointment as Assistant Organist at Leicester Cathedral, whilst still a pupil under the organist George Charles Gray. This was followed by his becoming the Organist at Gainsborough Parish Church in 1933, and then a move to Holy Trinity Church, Leamington Spa to be Organist in 1939. Whilst in Leamington he founded the Leamington Spa Bach Choir and (in 1940) the Warwickshire Symphony Orchestra.

His time at Leamington was interrupted between 1942 and 1946 by service in the Royal Artillery during the Second World War. After his initial service, he was commissioned as a second lieutenant on 17 December 1943,[1] later rising to the rank of captain.[2]

In 1949 he was appointed as Organist of Chelmsford Cathedral and Professor of Harmony and Counterpoint at Trinity College, London. Once in Chelmsford, he started the Essex Symphony Orchestra.

He also acted as Chorus Master for the Leicester Philharmonic for both Sir Henry Wood and Sir Malcolm Sargent.

Peterborough[edit]

Sargent had himself been a pupil/assistant organist or 'Articled Pupil' at Peterborough Cathedral in 1909 and it was to Peterborough that Vann moved next, being appointed Master of the Music in 1953. He held this post until his retirement in 1977. Much of his discography comes from this period, and bears witness to the extremely high standard to which he raised the choir. In 1971 he was awarded a Lambeth doctorate by the then Archbishop of Canterbury in recognition of his "eminent services to church music".

Following his retirement, he moved the short distance to Wansford where he ran the parish choir at St Mary's church and continued giving singing lessons to several local singers. He also continued the composition which had always run in parallel with the various posts he held. He composed over 200 items of vocal or choral music, the majority of which could be classified as Anglican church music. There is also a large body of organ music. Larger scale works are chiefly represented by the Billingshurst Mass, for large chorus and orchestra, a concert setting of the mass that also interpolates the Ave Maria into the usual text. Premiered in Chichester Cathedral in 2000, following a commission from the Billingshurst Choral Society (a committee member being a former Peterborough chorister), it was later performed in Peterborough Cathedral. 2000 also marked his 90th birthday, which saw a celebratory concert by the Peterborough Chamber Choir at All Saints' Church, Peterborough, which received favourable reviews in the Church Times.

2002 saw him finally leave the Peterborough area, moving to Richmond, North Yorkshire to be closer to family members.

Later life[edit]

In 2005 a collection of his major organ works was published, and a scholarship and trust in his name was founded by Major and Mrs Vernon Yon, an American who heard the Peterborough Cathedral Choir whilst posted to the UK. The object of the Trust is to enhance Anglican choral music by the grant of an annual Scholarship (The Stanley Vann Scholarship) for young choir trainers and directors in the Anglican tradition.

24 September 2006 edition of the Sunday BBC Radio 3 programme The Choir celebrated the forthcoming 80th anniversary of the weekly broadcast of Choral Evensong on BBC Radio. Amongst the items selected from across the 80-year period was a recording of Peterborough Cathedral Choir, under Vann, from 23 November 1962, singing the plainsong hymn O blest creator.[3] This was followed by a series of broadcasts of complete archive editions of Choral Evensong. Peterborough Cathedral Choir was featured on Wednesday 13 December 2006 by the broadcast of a service originally heard on 11 October 1972.[4]

On Monday 15 February 2010 Vann celebrated his 100th birthday. The previous day his family and a few former choristers joined him for lunch.[5] To mark his 100th birthday Peterborough Cathedral has issued a commemorative CD, Harken to the Whispering Angels, with a compilation of recordings by both the current choir and earlier recordings made during his tenure as organist.[6] Excerpts from the CD, and from Vann's recording of Sir John Stainer's The Crucifixion, were broadcast during BBC Radio 3's The Choir on 21 February, along with an interview with his former assistant, Barry Ferguson.[7] On 24 February the cathedral choir again broadcast Choral Evensong live on BBC Radio 3 with music composed by Vann and an anthem composed by Herbert Howells, commissioned by Vann during his time at Peteborough.[8]

Vann suffered a fall at home on 20 March 2010 and broke a hip. Attempts were made to operate, but he suffered a bad reaction to the anaesthetic, and subsequently developed pneumonia. He died one week later, 40 days after his 100th birthday.[9][10] His funeral was at Peterborough Cathedral on 19 April 2010,[11] and a memorial service was held there on 18 July 2010, and at its conclusion Vann's ashes were interred in the south aisle of the cathedral.[12][13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 36332. pp. 345–346. 14 January 1944. Retrieved 8 October 2008.
  2. ^ "(William) Stanley Vann". Who's Who 2007. CredoReference. 2007. Retrieved 26 June 2007. 
  3. ^ "Programme details". The Choir. BBC Radio 3. 24 September 2006. Retrieved 25 February 2010. 
  4. ^ "A 1972 archive broadcast from Peterborough Cathedral". Choral Evensong. BBC Radio 3. 11 October 1972. Retrieved 25 February 2010. 
  5. ^ Martin Vann (2009–2010). "Stanley's Centenary". Stanley Vann Music website. Retrieved 25 February 2010. 
  6. ^ "Music Association Online Store". Peterborough Cathedral Music Association. Retrieved 25 February 2010. 
  7. ^ "21/02/2010". The Choir. BBC Radio 3. 21 February 2010. Retrieved 25 February 2010. 
  8. ^ "Peterborough Cathedral". Choral Evensong. BBC Radio 3. 24 February 2010. Retrieved 25 February 2010. 
  9. ^ "Stanley Vann". The Daily Telegraph. 1 April 2010. Retrieved 4 April 2010. 
  10. ^ Martyn Vann (28 March 2010). "W. Stanley Vann D.Mus.(Cantuar), B.Mus.(Lond), Hon. F.T.C.L., F.R.C.O., A.R.C.M.:1910–2010". www.stanleyvannmusic.org.uk. Retrieved 29 March 2010. [dead link]
  11. ^ "Dr Stanely Vann RIP (1910–2010)". Dean and Chapter of Peterborough Cathedral. 7 April 2010. Retrieved 29 April 2010. [dead link]
  12. ^ "Service of Thanksgiving for the life of Dr Stanley Vann". Dean and Chapter of Peterborough Cathedral. 6 May 2010. Retrieved 29 April 2010. [dead link]
  13. ^ Martyn Vann. "Service of Thanksgiving". Retrieved 20 August 2010. 

External links[edit]

Cultural offices
Preceded by
Douglas Edward Hopkins
Organist and Master of the Choristers of Peterborough Cathedral
1953–1977
Succeeded by
Christopher Gower