Stanmore

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For other uses, see Stanmore (disambiguation).
Stanmore
Stanmore is located in Greater London
Stanmore
Stanmore
 Stanmore shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ1691
London borough Harrow
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town STANMORE
Postcode district HA7
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Harrow East
London Assembly Brent and Harrow
List of places
UK
England
London

Coordinates: 51°37′01″N 0°19′30″W / 51.6170°N 0.3250°W / 51.6170; -0.3250

Stanmore is a suburban residential district of northwest London in the London Borough of Harrow. It is centred 11 miles (18 km) northwest of Charing Cross. The area, based on the ancient parish of Great Stanmore includes southern slopes of the unnamed ridge of hills rising to Stanmore Hill, one of the highest points of London, 152 metres (499 ft) high.

Toponymy[edit]

The area was recorded in the Domesday Book as Stanmere, the name deriving from the Old English stan, 'stony' and mere, 'a pool'. There are outcrops of gravel on the clay soil here and the mere may have been one of the ponds which still exist. By 1574 the area had become known as Great Stanmore to distinguish it from Little Stanmore.

History[edit]

Stanmore Village railway station was open for train services between 1890 and 1952. Stanmore tube station opened in 1932.

Stanmore had an outstation from the Bletchley Park codebreaking establishment, where some of the Bombes used to decode German Enigma messages in World War Two were housed.

Andrew Drummond, the founder of the Drummond bank in Charing Cross purchased the Stanmore estate in 1729 .[1]

Stanmore was also home to RAF Bentley Priory from where the Battle of Britain was controlled, also formerly to RAF Stanmore Park, HQ of Balloon Command. RAF Stanmore Park closed in 1997 and is now a housing estate and RAF Bentley Priory closed in 2009.

Parish Church[edit]

The first Parish Church was the 14th century St Mary's, built on the site of a wooden Saxon church which was itself probably built on the site of a Roman compitum shrine.[2][3]

This building was replaced by a new one built on the current site consecrated in 1632 and dedicated to St John the Evangelist.[2][3] Its ruin still stands near the present church which was consecrated in 1850. Queen Adelaide's last public appearance was to lay the foundation stone of the new church. She gave the font and when the church was completed after her death, the east window was dedicated to her memory. [4]

Modern Stanmore[edit]

The suburb is characterised by numerous small restaurants and cafés, several public houses, many unique shops like a natural health store and boutique-style clothing stores. The centre of Stanmore is dominated by the presence of a large Sainsbury's supermarket and also a large Lidl supermarket. There are also popular eateries such as Prezzo and Costa Coffee in the centre of the town. Stanmore's extensive residential areas are leafy and predominantly affluent, with many residents commuting daily to jobs in central London including the City.

The public amenity of Stanmore Park is at the foot of Stanmore Hill and right next to the local library. This is just one of the two outdoor leisure fields, the other being Whitchurch Playing Fields adjacent to Whitchurch First and Middle School and opposite to Stanburn First and Middle School. The playing field hosts many Sunday league football matches on the vast acres of turf which are marked into individual football pitches with respective goal frames.

On the border with Bushey is Stanmore Cricket Club, one of the oldest in the Middlesex county championship league celebrating 150 years in 2003 and is still successful at the present. The club has nurtured two famous cricketers who have played Tests for England in the last two decades; Angus Fraser and Mark Ramprakash.

Stanmore is home to Park High School, Stanmore College (a government further education establishment) and a local library run by the London Borough of Harrow. North London Collegiate School, one of the UK's top public schools for girls is in Stanmore. The suburb also hosts the Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital - known as RNOH - which is famed for its spinal unit.

Ethnicity and religion[edit]

Stanmore has Christian, Shia Muslim, Hindu, Jain, Jewish and Catholic communities, including its local Synagogue, Stanmore and Canons Park Synagogue on London Road (which has the largest membership of any single synagogue in Europe although as of 2014 this may no longer be true),[5] an Islamic Centre, KSIMC Of London (Hujjat)[6] and new Hindu Temple[7] on Wood Lane.

Notable natives and residents[edit]

The grave of W. S. Gilbert at Stanmore

Transport[edit]

Nearby places[edit]

Tube/Trains[edit]

Main bus routes[edit]

Route Start End Operator
142 Brent Cross Watford Junction Arriva Shires & Essex
324 Stanmore Brent Cross London Sovereign
340 Edgware Harrow Arriva Shires & Essex
H12 Stanmore South Harrow Metroline
N98 Stanmore Holborn Metroline
615
not a London bus route
Hatfield Stanmore Uno

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ H Bolitho and D Peel, The Drummonds of Charing Cross (London: George, Allen & Unwin, 1967)
  2. ^ a b Ellis, Mike (1996-12-26). "Notes about the Churches of Great Stanmore". Short History of Stanmore. Mike Ellis. Retrieved 15 January 2010. 
  3. ^ a b [1][dead link]
  4. ^ T F T Baker, R B Pugh (Editors), A P Baggs, Diane K Bolton, Eileen P Scarff, G C Tyack (1976). "Great Stanmore: Church". A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 5: Hendon, Kingsbury, Great Stanmore, Little Stanmore, Edmonton Enfield, Monken Hadley, South Mimms, Tottenham. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 3 April 2013. 
  5. ^ "Stanmore Synagogue Home Page". Sacps.org.uk. 1999-01-12. Retrieved 2014-05-19. 
  6. ^ "Hujjat.org". Hujjat.org. Retrieved 2014-05-19. 
  7. ^ "Portal of Lord Swaminarayan". Swaminarayan Satsang. 2013-01-19. Retrieved 2014-05-19. 
  8. ^ Great Stanmore: Introduction', A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 5: Hendon, Kingsbury, Great Stanmore, Little Stanmore, Edmonton Enfield, Monken Hadley, South Mimms, Tottenham (1976), pp. 88-96. URL: Date accessed: 12 May 2009.
  9. ^ Medina Cotten, Patricia (1998). Laid back in Hollywood: Remembering. Los Angeles: Belle Publishing. pp. 1–2. ISBN 0-9649635-2-3. 
  10. ^ "Theo Walcott". TheFA.com. Retrieved 2014-05-19. 
  11. ^ [2][dead link]
  12. ^ [3][dead link]