St. Mary's Church, Stanwell
Stanwell shown within Surrey
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Stanwell is a suburban village in the Surrey borough of Spelthorne. It is located 15.7 miles (24.8 km) west south-west of Charing Cross and half a mile (0.8 km) from the southern boundary of London Heathrow Airport and the London Borough of Hillingdon. The census area Stanwell North has a population of 7,301 and the census area Stanwell South has a population of 4,766.
There are two theories regarding the origin of the name Stanwell. One is that it was named after St Anne's Well in the village. The second, and more likely, theory is that it in fact means 'stone well'. Indeed the first few letters of the name are the same as in the name of neighbouring Staines-upon-Thames, which also is said to mean 'stones'.
Stanwell appears in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Stanwelle. It was held by Walter, son of Othere. Its domesday assets were: 15 hide. It had 4 mills worth £3 10s 0d and 375 eels, 3 weirs worth 1000 eels, 10 ploughs, meadow for 12 ploughs and woodland worth 12 hogs. It rendered £14.
In 1603, Lord Knyvett was granted the manor of Stanwell. Lord Knyvett was the man who arrested Guy Fawkes in his attempt to blow up the Houses of Parliament. In his will Lord Knyvett made provision for the foundation of free school in Stanwell and the school was founded in 1624. The school building still exists in the High Street but has now been converted into residential flats. Stanwell's 12th-century church of St Mary the Virgin contains monuments to Lord and Lady Knyvett. It has Norman and Gothic architectural elements including a 14th-century spire. In 1838, an unknown species of rose was found in a local garden and given the name of Stanwell Perpetual.
From 1930 Stanwell formed part of the Staines Urban District of Middlesex. In 1965, under the London Government Act 1963, most of the rest of Middlesex became part of Greater London while the Staines Urban District was transferred to Surrey.
In 2004, the village won a Bronze Medal in the national Britain In Bloom competition in the Urban Community category.
Stanwell Place was the site of Stanwell's manor-house from the 17th century, located about half a mile to the west of the village, north of Park Road. The Gibbons family owned the manorial rights from 1754 to 1933, and slowly sold off the estate from the 1800s. Sold to John Watson Gibson in 1933, in 1937 330 acres (1.34 km2) were sold off to the Metropolitan Water Board for the development of the King George VI Reservoir. After Gibson's death in 1947, Stanwell Place was sold to King Faisal II of Iraq who owned it until his assassination in 1958. The estate was then purchased for gravel extraction, and despite local attempts to prevent it, the house was allowed to become derelict, and eventually demolished in the 1960s.
- Thomas Knyvet, 1st Baron Knyvet, Member of Parliament in 1601, was given the manor of Stanwell for uncovering the Gunpowder Plot in 1603
- Nicholas Hilliard, painter leased Poyle Manor
- James Nares, English organist and composer born in Stanwell in 1715 and married Teresa Costello
- Richard Cox, British horticulturist, created Cox's Orange Pippin apple, first grown in his garden on the Bath Road
- Sir John Watson Gibson, civil engineer, lived in Stanwell Lodge and then Stanwell Place between the 1920s and his death in 1947
- Sir Allen Lane, the founder of Penguin Books, lived at Silverbeck, Stanwell Moor
- King Faisal II of Iraq owned Stanwell Place from 1948 until his assassination in 1958
- Gary Numan, singer, was raised in Stanwell, attending the local Abbotsford School
- Pete Shaw, author and theatrical producer, was raised in Short Lane, Stanwell
- Vonn Ströpp, surrealist painter born in Stanwell in 1962
-  Census area Stanwell North
-  Census data Stanwell South
-  http://www.experiencefestival.com/stanwell: Articles related to Sranwell
-  Surrey Domesday Book
-  'Stanwell: Schools', A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 3: Shepperton, Staines, Stanwell, Sunbury, Teddington, Heston and Isleworth, Twickenham, Cowley, Cranford, West Drayton, Greenford, Hanwell, Harefield and Harlington (1962), pp. 49-50.
-  RHS Britain in Bloom Resuts - link appears to be broken
- Google Inc. Google Maps – Location of Stanwell Place (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?q=51.459,-0.4912+(Location+of+Stanwell+Place)&t=h&z=17.
-  'Stanwell: Introduction', A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 3: Shepperton, Staines, Stanwell, Sunbury, Teddington, Heston and Isleworth, Twickenham, Cowley, Cranford, West Drayton, Greenford, Hanwell, Harefield and Harlington (1962), pp. 33-36.
-  'Stanwell: Manors', A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 3: Shepperton, Staines, Stanwell, Sunbury, Teddington, Heston and Isleworth, Twickenham, Cowley, Cranford, West Drayton, Greenford, Hanwell, Harefield and Harlington (1962), pp. 36-41
- "Contact." British Mediterranean Airways. December 10, 2004. Retrieved on November 21, 2011. "BMED Cirrus House, Bedfont Road London Heathrow Airport Staines, Middlesex TW19 7NL, UK "
- "FAQ's -> How can I find out about employment opportunities with BMed?." British Mediterranean Airways. 12 February 2004. Retrieved on 21 November 2011. "Please write to us at : British Mediterranean Airways Human Resources Manager Cirrus House Bedfont Road London Heathrow Airport Staines Middlesex TW19 7NL England"
- "Details of Planning Application - 10/03822/LB." London Borough of Croydon. Retrieved on 21 November 2011. "Amey Built Environment Cirrus House Bedfont Road Stanwell Middlesex TW19 7NL"
-  The American History and Encyclopedia of Music
-  Howard Gibson and Leo D'Erlanger, 'Gibson, Sir John Watson (1885–1947)', rev. Robert Sharp, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004
-  Penguin Special Archive highlights, Archive Project, Bristol University
Media related to Stanwell at Wikimedia Commons