From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Asclepiadoideae
Genus: Stapelianthus
Choux ex A.C.White & B.Sloane

Stapelianthus[1] is a genus of flowering plants in the family Asclepiadaceae, first described as a genus in 1933. The entire genus is endemic to Madagascar.[2][3][4]

  1. Stapelianthus arenarius Bosser & Morat
  2. Stapelianthus insignis Descoings
  3. Stapelianthus keraudreniae Bosser & Morat
  4. Stapelianthus madagascarensis Choux
  5. Stapelianthus montagnacii (Boiteau) Boiteau & Jean Bertrand
  6. Stapelianthus pilosus Lavranos & D.S.Hardy
formerly included[5]
  1. Stapelianthus baylissii, syn of Tridentea baylissii
  2. Stapelianthus choananthus, syn of Tridentea choanantha

Phylogenetic studies have shown the genus to be most closely related to a large and widespread branch of stapeliads from mainland Africa, comprising the genera Huernia, Tavaresia and a mixed sub-branch including Orbea, Piaranthus and Stapelia.[6]


  1. ^ P. V. Bruyns & C. Klak (2004). "Revision of the Madagascan endemic Stapelianthus (Apocynaceae) based on molecular and morphological characters". Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 91 (3): 410–437. JSTOR 3298618. 
  2. ^ Tropicos
  3. ^ Bruyns, P. V. & P. I. Forster. 1991. Recircumscription of the Stapelieae (Asclepiadaceae). Taxon 40(3): 381–391
  4. ^ Schatz, G. E., S. Andriambololonera, Andrianarivelo, M. W. Callmander, Faranirina, P. P. Lowry, P. B. Phillipson, Rabarimanarivo, J. I. Raharilala, Rajaonary, Rakotonirina, R. H. Ramananjanahary, B. Ramandimbisoa, A. Randrianasolo, N. Ravololomanana, Z.S. Rogers, C.M. Taylor & G. A. Wahlert. 2011. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Madagascar. Monographs in systematic botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden
  5. ^ a b The Plant List
  6. ^ P. Bruyns, C. Klak, P. Hanacek: Evolution of the stapeliads (Apocynaceae-Asclepiadoideae) - repeated major radiation across Africa in an Old World group. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 2014. v. 77, no. 1, p. 251--263. ISSN 1055-7903.