Staphylococci are species of Gram-positivebacteria that can cause a wide variety of infections in humans and other animals through infection or the production of toxins. Staphylococcal toxins are a common cause of food poisoning, as they can be produced in improperly-stored food. Staphylococci are also known to be a cause of bacterial conjunctivitis. Among neurosurgical patients, it can cause community-acquired meningitis.
The generic name Staphylococcus is derived from the Greek word "staphyle" meaning a bunch of grapes, and "kokkos" means granule. The bacteria, when seen under a microscope appear like a branch of grapes or berries.
^Cheng-Ching, Esteban; Chahine, Lama; Baron, Eric P.; Alexander Rae-Grant (28 March 2012). Comprehensive Review in Clinical Neurology. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 670. ISBN9781451153637. Retrieved 23 September 2014. Neurosurgical patients are predisposed to meningitis with aerobic gram-negative bacilli (including Pseudomonas aeruginosa), Staphylococcus aureus, and Staphylococcus coagulase negative (such as epidermidis).Cite uses deprecated parameters (help)
^Sahebnasagh R, Saderi H, Owlia P. Detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains from clinical samples in Tehran by detection of the mecA and nuc genes. The First Iranian International Congress of Medical Bacteriology; 4–7 September; Tabriz, Iran. 2011. 195 pp.
^Fisher, Bruce; Harvey, Richard P.; Champe, Pamela C. Lippincott's Illustrated Reviews: Microbiology (Lippincott's Illustrated Reviews Series). Hagerstown, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 349. ISBN0-7817-8215-5.