Starý Plzenec

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Coordinates: 49°41′52″N 13°28′25″E / 49.69778°N 13.47361°E / 49.69778; 13.47361
Starý Plzenec
Town
Stary Plzenec CZ from S 0030.jpg
Starý Plzenec as seen from the Radyně Hill
Flag
Coat of arms
Country Czech Republic
Region Plzeň
District Plzeň-City
Commune Plzeň
Municipality Starý Plzenec
Parts Sedlec, Starý Plzenec
River Úslava
Center Masaryk Square
 - elevation 343 m (1,125 ft)
 - coordinates 49°41′52″N 13°28′25″E / 49.69778°N 13.47361°E / 49.69778; 13.47361
Highest point Radyně Hill
 - elevation 567 m (1,860 ft)
Area 18.38 km2 (7.1 sq mi)
Population 4,628 (2006-10-02)
Density 252 / km2 (653 / sq mi)
First mentioned 976
Mayor Zdeněk Matas
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 332 02
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic
Wikimedia Commons: Starý Plzenec
Statistics: statnisprava.cz
Website: www.staryplzenec.cz
Starý Plzenec
Municipality with Commissioned Local Authority
Stary Plzenec (CZE) - rotunda.jpg
Rotunda of St Peter above the town
Country Czech Republic
Region Plzeň
Little District Plzeň
Municipalities Chválenice, Letkov, Lhůta, Losiná, Mokrouše, Nezbavětice, Nezvěstice, Starý Plzenec, Šťáhlavy, Štěnovický Borek, Tymákov
Area 96.52 km2 (37 sq mi)
Population 11,347 (2005-12-31)
Density 118 / km2 (306 / sq mi)

Starý Plzenec (Czech pronunciation: [ˈstariː ˈpl̩zɛnɛts]; German: Altpilsen) is a town in the Plzeň Region of the Czech Republic. Starý Plzenec is also the seat of the Municipality with Commissioned Local Authority within the Plzeň Municipality with Extended Competence.

History[edit]

The first mention of the settlement dates back to 976 when, according to Thietmar of Merseburg, Boleslaus II, Duke of Bohemia, defeated a Bavarian army below a local stronghold, then called Plzeň. The urban settlement below the castle evolved into an administrative and mercantile centre of western Bohemia, but this came to an end in 1295 when King Wenceslas II founded the new city of Plzeň in a more suitable location at the nearby confluence of the Mže and Radbuza rivers. The new city soon took over the functions of old Plzeň and became known as Nová Plzeň (New Plzeň), later simply as Plzeň, while the older settlement on the Úslava river was called Stará Plzeň (Old Plzeň) and since then, in a more recent variant, Starý Plzenec.

Sights[edit]

Radyně Castle (the ruin of a medieval castle from the 14th century open to the public) is on Radyně Hill above the town (to the south). On Hůrka Hill above the town (to the north) there is the St Peter and Paul Rotunda, a Romanesque church from the late 10th century and the foundations of other buildings of the old stronghold.

Masaryk Square with church of St John The Baptist (left) and Town Hall (right).

Resources[edit]