Star City, West Virginia

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Star City, West Virginia
Town
Motto: Mayor Bob Musick (D)
Location of Star City, West Virginia
Location of Star City, West Virginia
Coordinates: 39°39′29″N 79°59′10″W / 39.65806°N 79.98611°W / 39.65806; -79.98611Coordinates: 39°39′29″N 79°59′10″W / 39.65806°N 79.98611°W / 39.65806; -79.98611
Country United States
State West Virginia
County Monongalia
Area[1]
 • Total 0.59 sq mi (1.53 km2)
 • Land 0.49 sq mi (1.27 km2)
 • Water 0.10 sq mi (0.26 km2)
Elevation 955 ft (291 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 1,825
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 1,887
 • Density 3,724.5/sq mi (1,438.0/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 26504-26505
Area code(s) 304
FIPS code 54-76516[4]
GNIS feature ID 1555703[5]

Star City is a small town in Monongalia County, West Virginia, in the United States. The population was 1,825 at the 2010 census. It is included in the Morgantown, West Virginia Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

Star City is located at 39°39′29″N 79°59′10″W / 39.65806°N 79.98611°W / 39.65806; -79.98611 (39.657966, -79.986046)[6].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.59 square miles (1.53 km2), of which 0.49 square miles (1.27 km2) is land and 0.10 square miles (0.26 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,825 people, 903 households, and 363 families residing in the town. The population density was 3,724.5 inhabitants per square mile (1,438.0 /km2). There were 1,001 housing units at an average density of 2,042.9 per square mile (788.8 /km2). The racial makeup of the town was 88.7% White, 4.4% African American, 4.1% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.9% of the population.

There were 903 households of which 14.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 27.0% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 59.8% were non-families. 39.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.02 and the average family size was 2.69.

The median age in the town was 29.9 years. 11.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 27.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.4% were from 25 to 44; 21.8% were from 45 to 64; and 11.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 50.7% male and 49.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,366 people, 697 households, and 333 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,785.4 inhabitants per square mile (1,076.4/km²). There were 753 housing units at an average density of 1,535.4 per square mile (593.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 93.56% White, 2.64% African American, 2.34% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.37% from other races, and 1.02% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.15% of the population.

There were 697 households out of which 17.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.6% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 52.1% were non-families. 41.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.96 and the average family size was 2.71.

In the town the population was spread out with 15.0% under the age of 18, 17.1% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $26,771, and the median income for a family was $37,500. Males had a median income of $27,188 versus $21,838 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,003. About 12.1% of families and 15.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.2% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over.[4]

History[edit]

Star City was founded in 1907[7] and its early population was made up primarily of workers at the Star Glass Company and Seneca Glass.[citation needed]

Socialist Party government[edit]

By 1910 the Socialist Party of America had organized a branch in the town and within a year had won four out of five seats in the city council, as part of a wider national political movement of the time.[8][9]

The Socialist Party would continue to be the dominant party in Star City politics through 1917, when its rival the Citizens' Party took over municipal government. To avoid un-American connotations that became associated with the name after World War I, the Socialist Party of Star City in 1918 renamed itself the Independent Citizens' party and won back local government, partly due to its opposition to the regressive "capitation tax" the Citizens' Party had imposed.[10] However, in 1924, the People's party, formed two years earlier and composed largely of former Citizens' party supporters, took over.[11] Until that time, the Socialists were a mainstay of this working-class town, organizing the Workingmen's Co-operative Store and creating community pillars with Local Twenty-six of the American Flint Glass Workers' Union and the Young People's Socialist League.[12]

Star City Volunteer Fire Department[edit]

Star City is home to the Star City Volunteer Fire Department which was founded in the year 1939. SCVFD is home to a 100% volunteer firefighting staff and a partially paid EMS staff. SCVFD responds to approximately 1200 emergency calls per year that include fire suppression as well as first response to medical emergencies and vehicle accidents.

Star City Bridge[edit]

The Star City Bridge was demolished in 2002 and rebuilt. The new bridge is named the Edith Barill Bridge, but many still call it by its original name. The five-lane bridge crosses the Monongahela River and connects Star City to the nearby towns of Granville, Osage, and Westover.

The bridge is equipped with over 700 sensors that measure the weight, speed, and number of the vehicles that cross it. This data will be studied at West Virginia University, and used to study the effect of everyday traffic on the bridge, but especially large, commercial trucks. The sensors will also measure how the bridge expands and contracts in the different temperatures of each season. The data will be used for the Department of Highways to find and correct weak points in the bridge.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-24. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-24. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-26. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ Town of Star City Original Charter, compiled and copied under Order of Council by Thomas Ray Dille, Esq., September 1908
  8. ^ Morgantown New Dominion, 5 January 1912, 20 January 1913, 9 January 1914, 8 January 1915 and 7 January 1916, footnoted in Cresswell, Stephen, "When The Socialists Ran Star City", (chapter) West Virginia History Volume 52 (1993), pp. 59-72, via West Virginia Division of Culture and History
  9. ^ Critchlow, Donald T., ed., ""Socialism in the Heartland: The Midwestern Experience, 1900-1925 (Notre Dame: Univ. of Notre Dame Press, 1986); Judd,Richard W. , Socialist Cities: Municipal Politics and the Grass Roots of American Socialism (Albany: State Univ. of New York Press, 1989), footnoted in Cresswell
  10. ^ Morgantown Post-Chronicle, 1 and 5 January 1917; Morgantown New Dominion, 6 November 1912 and 5 January 1917; Morgantown Weekly New Dominion', 10 and 31 October and 12 December; Morgantown New Dominion 3 January 1918 and 1 January 1919; Frederick, Cinder Heads in the Hills: The Belgian Window Glass Workers of West Virginia (Charleston: West Virginia Educational Services, 1988), p. 7, footnoted in Cresswell
  11. ^ Minute Books, Star City Town Council, Star City town hall, I:163 (1919), II:63 (1922) and 133 (1924), footnoted in Cresswell
  12. ^ Morgantown Weekly New Dominion, 7 October 1914; Morgantown New Dominion, 12 June 1913, 7 January and 27 December 1915 and Barkey, Frederick Allan, "The Socialist Party in West Virginia from 1898 to 1920: a Study in Working Class Radicalism" (Ph.D. diss., University of Pittsburgh, 1971), p. 118, footnoted in Cresswell