Star Guard

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pages = 247 pp (Hardcover; 1st edition)

Star Guard is a science-fiction novel written by Andre Norton and published in 1955 by Harcourt, Brace & Company. As an example of military science fiction, it displays Norton’s deep understanding of ancient history.

Underlying premise[edit]

Information given in the story indicates that Humanity only developed space travel far enough to attract the attention of Central Control in the 37th century AD. Norton explains the implied retardation of human development through references to nuclear wars, which presumably caused so much destruction that civilization took an extra sixteen or seventeen centuries to achieve a level of development suitable for resuming Humanity’s reach for the stars.

Norton’s Introduction – The Mercenaries[edit]

Presented in the guise of an history lecture at an alien university, Norton’s introduction explains that in the 40th century the people of Terra (the Latin name having replaced the Anglo-Saxon Earth) can only go to the stars as mercenaries. On alien worlds Terrans fight brushfire wars and thereby help Central Control maintain peace within its vast interstellar empire. Archs, who fight with relatively primitive weapons, are organized into Hordes, which fight on underdeveloped barbarian planets and Mechs, who fight with more modern weapons, are organized into Legions, which fight on advanced, civilized worlds. But when a Horde fighting on the medieval planet Fronn encounters a Legion of Mechs....

Plot[edit]

In the year 3956 AD. Kana Karr, Arch Swordsman, Third Class, newly graduated from combat training, has come to Prime to obtain his first assignment. He signs up to join Yorke’s Horde, which is headed for action on the planet Fronn. In the library adjacent to the Hiring Hall he checks out a record-pak, takes it into a booth, and goes into an induced sleep while the mechanism impresses all that is known of Fronn directly into his brain. As he leaves the library he notices, reflected in a polished surface, a Mech taking the record-pak off the return conveyor, which is strange because the Mech will never be allowed to go to Fronn.

On the troop ship to Secundus Kana shares a cabin with Swordtan Trig Hansu, who seems pleased that Kana has had special training in extra-terrestrial contact. From Secundus Yorke’s Horde proceeds to Fronn, where Kana is paired with Deke Mills, a veteran close to being promoted to Swordtan. While the Horde is marching to meet their employer, a Llor prince contending for the throne of a kingdom, Kana and another swordsman detect a spy hidden in a caravan of Venturi merchants. Kana and his companion are obliged to shoot the spy dead when they see that he is armed with a flamer, a Mech weapon that is absolutely forbidden on Fronn.

In their first battle the Terran combatants see the prince who hired them killed by a flamer. Uncertain that they have safe passage back to the spaceport at Tharc, Yorke marches his men along the mountain front to camp by a river. At a meeting with Mech officers and a Galactic Agent, Yorke, two of his top Swordtans, and Deke Mills are burned down by flamers. Mills survives his burns long enough to summon Kana and tell him what happened. Told of the treachery, Hansu takes command of the Horde and leads it, stripped to its bare essentials, into the mountains.

In the mountains the Horde encounters the Cos, a people similar to the Llor but physically smaller. At first the Horde must bypass various booby traps, but then the Cos attack. The Horde fights back and conquers a Cos fortress. Then the Cos melt away and the Horde meets no further resistance as it marches through the mountains, across a wide valley, and over a range of coastal mountains.

As they cross the valley the Terrans become aware that the Llor have declared war upon the Venturi. Because the Horde has rescued several Venturi from Llor captors, the Terrans find that the Venturi are willing to give them some help. As they have always done when the pogroms start, the Venturi abandon the continents and retreat to their islands, where the Llor can’t follow, so they invite the Horde to occupy the small port that they have just abandoned. The Horde moves into its new quarters just as Fronn enters the season of nearly constant hurricane-force winds.

During a lull in the winds the Archs find the wreckage of a six-man crawler, a small, tank-like vehicle, that was carrying Mech weapons to an unknown receiver. This discovery implies the existence of a ship nearby and the Venturi tell Hansu where to find it. After sending the rest of the Horde to stay with the Venturi on one of their islands, Hansu takes Kana and several other men to find the ship. After several days of riding the Fronnian equivalent of camels, the men arrive at the ship just in time to see a squad of Mechs and their Llor helpers finish setting up a disturbing tableau around what turns out to be a Galactic Patrol vessel.

With the stolen ship emptied of its cargo of weapons, the Mechs lay out the bodies of half a dozen Patrolmen who had been shot with Arch rifles. An alien among them takes pictures, clearly intending to blame Yorke’s Horde for an atrocity against the most respected institution in the galaxy. Once the Mechs and their Llor helpers leave, Hansu takes his men down into the scene and they give the Patrolmen a proper burial. They find that the ship, appearing to have been looted, is still spaceworthy, so the four men strap themselves into the acceleration seats and the Horde’s engineer lifts them into space, setting course for Terra. The men need to get their message of betrayal to Deputy-Commander Matthias.

As they approach Terra the men must resort to using the ship’s lifeboats, Hansu and Kana taking one and the other two men another. Hansu and Kana land close enough to Prime that they can get there in a jopper stolen from an automated agricultural depot. They infer, correctly, that they are being hunted by highly placed authorities and they take appropriate evasive actions, even entering Prime through one of the old subway tunnels from before the nuclear wars. In spite of their caution, they’re captured.

Interrogated under drugs, Kana tells his interrogators the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth of what happened on Fronn. Nonetheless, he is convicted of several serious charges and sentenced to life in a labor camp. Later, seizing an opportunity, he escapes, but is soon recaptured. This time, though, he is taken to an underground room on the outskirts of Prime, where he sees Hansu and Matthias waiting for him. The sentencing had been a scam, worked for the benefit of the Galactic Agent who had been present. Now Kana can go to the stars as a free man, to settle on one of the worlds that Terrans have been secretly colonizing for ten generations.

Special Note[edit]

Although Norton doesn’t give an explicit description of the size of Yorke’s Horde, information given in the story implies that it is roughly the size of a battalion (about 1000 men give or take several hundred). It is a rapid response force meant to be incorporated into an alien army and it is able to carry out deep penetration missions, much like those carried out by Merrill’s Marauders in Burma in World War II. On that basis we can infer that Blademaster is a rank roughly corresponding to that of Colonel in the United States Army.

Various job descriptions given in the story indicate that Swordtan is a rank roughly equivalent to that of Sergeant and the Swordsmen carry the rank equivalent to a Private.

Criticism[edit]

“Star Guard is unusual for Norton in that the hero has no personal emotional agonies. The story is propelled by Kana’s intelligence and his education in the realities of the world, his increasing understanding and decisiveness, as he, along with the Horde, is forced to deal with unpredictable and difficult situations.”

Major themes[edit]

The central plot device of Star Guard is that of a mercenary battalion betrayed and having to fight their way to safety. In that device Norton mimics Xenophon’s description of the March of the Ten Thousand in his work Anabasis, in which he described the struggle of Greek mercenaries fighting in the depths of the Persian Empire. This device displays Norton’s knowledge and understanding of ancient history, which she used in plotting many of her novels.

Publication history[edit]

  • 1955, USA, Harcourt, Brace & Company, LCCCN 55-7612, Hardback (247 pp)[1]
  • 1956, USA, Ace Books (Ace Double #D-199), Paperback (214 pp + 105 pp), with Planet of No Return by Poul Anderson[2]
  • 1958, Germany, Pabel (Utopia Grossband #81), Digest (94 pp), as Die Rebellen (The Rebels)[3]
  • 1960 Jan, USA, Harcourt, Brace & World, Hardback (247 pp)[4]
  • 1961, USA, Ace Books (#D-527), Paperback (214 pp)[5]
  • 1963 Mar, USA, Harcourt, Brace & World, Hardback (247 pp)[6]
  • 1965, Spain, Vertice (Galaxia #33), Paperback (240 pp), as Guardia Estelar[7][8] (Stellar Guard)[9]
  • 1966 Oct, USA, Ace Books (#G-599), Paperback (214 pp)[10]
  • 1969 Feb, UK, Gollancz, ISBN 0-575-00208-5, Hardback (247 pp)[11]
  • 1971 Nov, Italy, Editrice Nord (Cosmo Collana di Fantascienza #11), Hardback (183 pp), as Riscatto cosmico (Cosmic Redemption)[12]
  • 1973, Germany, Pabel (Terra Taschenbuch #210), Paperback (159 pp), as Die Rebellen von Terra (The Rebels of Terra)[13]
  • 1973 Jun, USA, Ace Books (#78131), also 1974 Jun (#78132) and 1977 Mar (#78133), Paperback (254 pp)[14]
  • 1978 Aug, USA, Fawcett Crest, ISBN 0-449-23646-3, Paperback (224 pp)[15]
  • 1984 Jul, USA, Del Rey/Ballantine, ISBN 0-345-31624-X, Paperback (224 pp)[16]
  • 1987 May, USA, Del Rey/Ballantine, ISBN 0-345-35036-7, Paperback (224 pp)[17]
  • 2001 Aug, USA, Baen, ISBN 0-671-31827-6, also published by Baen/SFBC (#14229) 2002 Jan, Hardcover (434 pp), combined with Star Rangers as the double novel Star Soldiers [18]
  • 2002 Aug, USA, Baen, ISBN 0-7434-3554-0, also published 2002 Nov and 2006 Dec, Paperback (471 pp), combined with Star Rangers as the double novel Star Soldiers [19]

Reviews[edit]

The book was reviewed by

  • Floyd C. Gale in Galaxy Science Fiction (Jan 1956)[20]
  • P. Schuyler Miller in Astounding Science Fiction (Jan 1956)[21][22]
  • Anthony Boucher in The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction (Feb 1956)[23]
  • Villiers Gerson in Amazing Stories (Mar 1956)[24]
  • Henry Bott in Imagination (Aug 1956)[25]
  • P. Schuyler Miller in Astounding Science Fiction (Aug 1957)[26][27]
  • In the 1955 Aug 01 issue of Kirkus Reviews the reviewer had this to say:

“Worlds and cons away are the adventures of Kana Karr, Swordsman Third Class, who goes to the planet Fronn with Yorke Horde in the 5th millenium A.D.-Terran figuring. Earth, or Terra, under a despotic and all powerful Central Control has developed a system of, professional fighting men, which it sends out for needed patrol duty in other solar systems. For his first assignment Kana, who is one of these soldiers, is sent out as part of a patrol to quell an uprising between two humanoid factions on forbidding Fronn. The adventures that follow are protracted and typical of Andre Norton's well developed sets of fantastic circumstances and they result in Kana's initiation to the coterie of Terrans who are breaking away from Central Control and seeking freedom to pioneer on their own on other planets. Absorbing.” [28]

References[edit]

  • Tuck, Donald H. (1974). The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction and Fantasy. Chicago: Advent. p. 331. ISBN 0-911682-20-1.

Listings[edit]

In the Library of Congress at http://lccn.loc.gov/55007612

In The British Library as UIN = BLL01002674313

External links[edit]

Go to Archive.org to read the Anabasis online.