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A fourteen-segment display (FSD) (sometimes referred to as a starburst display or a "Union Jack" display) is a type of display based on 14 segments that can be turned on or off to produce letters and numerals. It is an expansion of the more common seven-segment display, having an additional four diagonal and two vertical segments with the middle horizontal segment broken in half. A seven-segment display suffices for numerals and certain letters, but unambiguously rendering the ISO basic Latin alphabet requires more detail. A slight variation is the sixteen-segment display which allows additional legibility in displaying letters or other symbols.
A decimal point or comma may be present as an additional segment, or pair of segments; the comma (used for triple-digit groupings or as a decimal separator in many regions) is commonly formed by combining the decimal point with a closely 'attached' leftwards-descending arc-shaped segment.
Electronic alphanumeric displays may use LEDs, LCDs, or vacuum fluorescent display devices. The LED variant is typically manufactured in single or dual character packages, allowing the system designer to choose the number of characters suiting the application.
Multiple-segment display devices use fewer elements than a full dot-matrix display, and may produce a better character appearance where the segments are shaped appropriately. This can reduce the number of driver components and power consumption.
Fourteen and sixteen-segment displays were used to produce alphanumeric characters on calculators and other embedded systems. Applications today include displays fitted to telephone Caller ID units, gymnasium equipment, VCRs, car stereos, microwave ovens, slot machines, and DVD players.
Such displays were very common on pinball machines for displaying the score and other information, before the widespread use of dot-matrix display panels.
Incandescent lamp version
Multiple segment alphanumeric displays are nearly as old as the use of electricity. A 1908 textbook  describes an alphanumeric display system using incandescent lamps and a mechanical switching arrangement. Each of 21 lamps was connected to a switch operated by a set of slotted bars, installed in a rotating drum. This commutator assembly could be arranged so that as the drum was rotated, different sets of switches were closed and different letters and figures could be displayed. The scheme would have been used for "talking" signs to spell out messages, but a complete set of commutator switches, drums and lamps would have been required for each letter of a message, making the resulting sign quite expensive.
A few different versions of the fourteen segment display exist as cold-cathode neon lamps. For example, one type made by Burroughs Corporation was called "Panaplex". Instead of using a filament as the incandescent versions do, these use a cathode charged to a 180-V potential which causes the electrified segment to glow a bright orange color. They operated similarly to Nixie tubes but instead of the full-formed numeric shapes, used segments to make up numerals and letters. 
A 23 segment display, or "Nova" display, is an advanced alphanumeric display with segments that can be turned on and off to create characters. It is based on the fourteen-segment display, (top and bottom bars are not split), only it has three diagonal segments in all corners and a central dot for the "i" and "j". There are 17 segments on the inside of the display and 23 segments total. This helps characters such as the lower case "g", "p", "q", and "x" be displayed easier and uniform to the other characters.
13 segment display
A 13 segment display is a display with segments that create characters. There are seven in the middle, making B, K, and G fill or cancel lines. This is found on appliances like the Whirlpool MH6150XMT.
- Richard C. Dorf (ed.) The Electrical Engineering Handbook, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1993, ISBN 0-8493-0185-8 page 1770
- Maxim Integrated. "Application Note 3211: Driving 14-Segment Displays". 2004.
- I. C. S. Reference Library Volume 4B, Scranton, International Textbook Company, 1908, no ISBN
-  Burroughs b5791 Tube Data
- http://www.ineedcaffeine.com/content/the-burroughs-b7971/ Burroughs B7971 segmented display tube illustration, retrieved 2012 July 19
Media related to Fourteen segment displays at Wikimedia Commons