Stare Bielsko

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Gord in Stare Bielsko from above
Stare Bielsko within Bielsko-Biała

Stare Bielsko (German: Alt Bielitz, both literally meaning "Old Bielsko/Bielitz") is a part of the town of Bielsko-Biała, Silesian Voivodeship, Poland. It is located in the west-north part of the city, in Silesian Foothills.

The first settlement in the area arose in 12th century and was destroyed around the year 1400. In parallel evolved a village Bielsko, that later was a ground for the foundation of town Bielsko by the first prince of the Duchy of Teschen, Mieszko. The village was later first mentioned in a written document as Alte Belicz (pl. Stare Bielsko) in 1452.[1] In 1572 it was sold together with Bielsko and dozen surrounding villages by dukes of Cieszyn and formed Bielsko state country. In 1848 in the south-west part of Stare Bielsko a new village was extracted: Aleksandrowice.

According to the Austrian census of 1910 the village had 2,899 inhabitants, 2,887 of whom had permanent residence there. Census asked people for their native language, 2629 (91,1%) were German-speaking, 253 (8,8%) were Polish-speaking and 5 (0,2%) were Czech-speaking. Most populous religious groups were the Protestants with 1860 (64,2%) followed by Roman Catholics with 989 (34,1%) and Jews with 42 (1,4%).[2]

After the division of Cieszyn Silesia in 1920 it became a part of Poland. Stare Bielsko became administratively a part of Bielsko-Biała in 1977.

There is a gothic Saint Stanislaus church in the district, dating from the 12th century, the oldest sacral building in the city. The second temple in Stare Bielsko is the Lutheran John the Baptist church from 1818.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Panic, Idzi (2010). Śląsk Cieszyński w średniowieczu (do 1528). Cieszyn: Starostwo Powiatowe w Cieszynie. p. 299. ISBN 978-83-926929-3-5. 
  2. ^ Ludwig Patryn (ed): Die Ergebnisse der Volkszählung vom 31. Dezember 1910 in Schlesien, Troppau 1912.

Coordinates: 49°49′25.5″N 19°1′4″E / 49.823750°N 19.01778°E / 49.823750; 19.01778