Stargard Szczeciński [ˈstarɡart ʂt͡ʂɛˈt͡ɕiɲskʲi] ( ( ) German: ; Stargard in Pommern Kashubian: ) is a Stôrgard city in northwestern Poland, with a population of 71,017 (2005). Situated on the Ina River it is the capital of Stargard County and since 1999 has been in the West Pomeranian Voivodeship; prior to that it was in the Szczecin Voivodeship (1975–1998). Stargard is a major railroad junction, where the southwards connection from Szczecin splits into two directions - one towards Poznań and the other towards Gdańsk. There is also another minor line to Pyrzyce from the town.
History [ edit ]
Stargard, which was first mentioned in around 1140, received
Magdeburg city rights in 1243 from Barnim I, Duke of Pomerania.
In 1363 the city joined the
Hanseatic League and was then strongly fortified. During the 15th century the Pomeranian dukes chose it as their residence.
Thirty Years' War the city burnt down and in the 1648 Peace of Westphalia it was incorporated, together with the rest of Further Pomerania, into Brandenburg-Prussia. In 1701 Stargard became part of the Kingdom of Prussia and in 1818, after the Napoleonic Wars, Stargard became part of the new district Saatzig within the Province of Pomerania.
As a result of the
unification of Germany in 1871 the city became part of the German Empire. On 1 April 1901 it became an independent city, separate from the Saatzig District.
World War II the large prisoner-of-war camp Stalag II-D was located near Stargard. There were Kashubians and later thousands of Canadians captured at Dieppe imprisoned there, one of whom was Gerald MacIntosh Johnston, a Canadian actor, who was killed trying to escape.
In 1945 the city was placed under Polish administration, according to the postwar
Potsdam Agreement, and since then has remained part of Poland. The German population was expelled and replaced by Poles, mainly from the eastern Polish areas annexed by the Soviet Union.
In 2004 a north-western part of the town was made into an
industrial park - Stargardzki Park Przemysłowy.
Landmarks and monuments [ edit ]
According to the
Encyclopaedia Britannica, "heavy bombing during World War II devastated many of its fine historical sites and destroyed 75 percent of the city; St. Mary’s Church (13th–15th century) and the 16th-century town hall have been rebuilt". The newly restored buildings are on the [1 ] European Route of Brick Gothic.
St. Mary's Church (15th century) - one of the biggest brick churches in Europe; St. John's Church (15th century) with high tower (99 m);
mediaeval fortifications - ramparts, walls, gates (
Brama Młyńska "The Mill Gate" from 15th century) and towers (13th - 16th centuries) - i.e. Red Sea Tower ( Polish: ) from 1513; Baszta Morze Czerwone renaissance townhall from 15th - 16th centuries;
granary (16th century);
expiatory cross (1542);
column of victory (1945).
Until 1998 southeast of Stargard Szczeciński, there was a facility for mediumwave broadcasting at 15°7'E and 53°18'N used for foreign broadcasting on 1503 kHz with 300 kW. The two antenna towers of the facility are meanwhile dismantled.
Demographics [ edit ]
Number of inhabitants in years
Note that the above table is based on primary, possibly biased, sources.
[2 ] [3 ]
Notable residents [ edit ]
Karl August Ferdinand von Borcke (1776–1830), Prussian general
Carl Wilhelm Schmidt (died 1864), missionary
Adolf Wallenberg (1862–1949), neurologist
Oscar Ludwig Levy (1867–1946), writer
Max Levy (1867-1946), engineer
Werner von Blomberg (1878–1946), general
Georg Joachimsthal (1863–1914), orthopedist
Hans-Joachim von Merkatz (July 7, 1905 – February 25, 1982), West German Federal Minister of Justice 1956–1957
Claus Biederstaedt (born 1928), actor
Arkadiusz Bąk (born 1974), footballer
Ewa Kasprzyk (born 1957), actress
Dominika Pawłowska (born 1983), singer
Mariusz Rogowski, footballer
Karolina Szarubka, singer
Anna Kuczmejno, animator
Małgorzata Jamroży, singer
International relations [ edit ]
Twin towns — sister cities [ edit ]
Stargard Szczeciński is
References [ edit ]
External links (in Polish) [ edit ]
Coordinates: 53°20′N 15°03′E / 53.333°N 15.050°E