Staritsa, Staritsky District, Tver Oblast

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Staritsa (English)
Торжок (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Town of oblast significance[1]
View of Staritsa.jpg
View of Staritsa, June 2008
Map of Russia - Tver Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Tver Oblast in Russia
Staritsa is located in Tver Oblast
Staritsa
Staritsa
Location of Staritsa in Tver Oblast
Coordinates: 56°31′N 34°54′E / 56.517°N 34.900°E / 56.517; 34.900Coordinates: 56°31′N 34°54′E / 56.517°N 34.900°E / 56.517; 34.900
Coat of Arms of Staritsa (Tver oblast) (1780).png
Coat of Arms
Administrative status (as of December 2012)
Country Russia
Federal subject Tver Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated to Staritsa Okrug[1]
Administrative center of Staritsky District,[2] Staritsa Okrug[1]
Municipal status (as of September 2006)
Urban okrug Staritsa Urban Okrug[3]
Administrative center of Staritsa Urban Okrug,[3] Staritsky Municipal District[3]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 8,607 inhabitants[4]
Population (2013 est.) 8,367 inhabitants[citation needed]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[5]
First mentioned 1297[citation needed]
Town status since 1775[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[6] 171360
Dialing code(s) +7 48263[citation needed]
Staritsa on WikiCommons

Staritsa (Russian: Старица) is a town and the administrative center of Staritsky District of Tver Oblast, Russia, located on the Volga River, 77 kilometers (48 mi) from Tver. Population: 8,607 (2010 Census);[4] 9,125 (2002 Census);[7] 9,120 (1989 Census).[8]

History[edit]

View of Staritsa in 1912

The town was established in 1297 under the name of Gorodok (Городо́к), lit. small town). In 1365, it was moved from the more elevated right to the lower left bank of the Volga River. The new settlement was called Novy Gorodok (Но́вый Городо́к, lit. new small town).

Since the 15th century, the town has been called Staritsa (lit. former river-bed). The name was misinterpreted by heraldists who represented on Staritsa's coat of arms an image of aged nun, which is another meaning of the Russian word "staritsa". In 1485, the town fell under the Muscovy rule with the rest of the Principality of Tver. The Golden Age of the town began.

In the 15th century, the local principality was ruled by Ivan III's son Andrey, and then by Andrey's son Vladimir. While Ivan the Terrible had no children, Vladimir was regarded by boyars as his only heir. As the Tsar suspected Staritsa's ruler of plotting against him, Vladimir and his children were forced to take poison. The opulence of Staritsa during Vladimir's reign can be seen in the Assumption abbey.

In 1775, Staritsa became a center of an uyezd. From 12 October 1941 till 1 January 1942 the town was occupied by the German army.

Layout[edit]

The town is split by the river into two parts: the bigger left (Town part) and right (Moscow part). There are a lot of old abandoned limestone quarries in the neighborhood, so there are a lot of old limestone buildings in the town.

In the right part of a town a site of an old settlement can be clearly traced, with huge mounds and ground walls. On the opposing left bank of a river stands the Assumption abbey, with a limestone cathedral from 1530 and a tented refectory from 1570. There are also several churches from the 18th and 19th centuries.

The city cathedral of Sts. Boris and Gleb is a ponderous Neoclassical edifice erected from 1805 to 1820. It replaced one of the miracles of old Russian architecture, a many-tented cathedral built in the 1560s by the same masters as worked on the famous St. Basil's Cathedral in Moscow. Actually, it was said that Moscow and Staritsa cathedrals were two sisters, just like the rulers of two towns, Ivan and Vladimir, were two brothers.

Main industries of Staritsa are clothes factory, flax-manufacturing factory, mechanical and vegetable food factories.

Caves[edit]

Staritsa is also noted among Moscow speleologists for its 18th–19th century quarries. The quarries were created by local people, without any general plan, so they are sometimes very tangled and can be used as a smaller model for horizontal caves labyrinths. The greatest quarries have a total length of passages of about three to five kilometers. The passages are clean and dry, which is unusual for Moscow region. It takes about three hours to reach the quarries from Moscow.

A campaign is ongoing to try to have the quarries recognized as a local heritage site. In the meantime, they are gradually degrading due to lack of supervision.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #34-ZO
  2. ^ Cite error: The named reference OKATO was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  3. ^ a b c Law #4-ZO
  4. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  7. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 

External links[edit]