Stark County, North Dakota
|Stark County, North Dakota|
Stark County Courthouse in Dickinson
Location in the state of North Dakota
North Dakota's location in the U.S.
|Founded||February 10, 1879|
|• Total||1,340 sq mi (3,471 km2)|
|• Land||1,335 sq mi (3,458 km2)|
|• Water||5 sq mi (13 km2), 0.4%|
|• Density||18/sq mi (7/km²)|
|Time zone||Mountain: UTC-7/-6|
Stark County is part of the Dickinson, ND Micropolitan Statistical Area.
Stark County was created February 10, 1879, as a county within Dakota Territory from parts of Howard County and Williams County. The county organized on May 25, 1883, and became a county in the state of North Dakota on November 2, 1889.
In 1891, the North Dakota Legislature enacted legislation annexing Dunn County, Hettinger County, and parts of Billings, Bowman, McKenzie, Wallace, and Williams Counties into Stark. However, the act was vetoed by Governor Eli C. D. Shortridge.
Additional annexation legislation was enacted in 1895, affecting the boundaries of Stark, Billings, and Mercer Counties, subject to approval by the counties' voters. The annexation went into effect November 3, 1896, but Wilson L. Richards, a local cattle rancher, sued to overturn the annexation because he and other landowners in the area were now subject to taxation by Stark County. The case went to the North Dakota Supreme Court, which ruled the law unconstitutional on May 18, 1899. The annexation remained in effect, however, due to a replacement law approved by the legislature March 9, 1899, in anticipation of the court's decision.
This second annexation law was overturned by the North Dakota Supreme Court in 1901 because the annexation was not referred to the voters of the affected counties as required by the North Dakota Constitution. This lawsuit involved a landowner, Henry Schaffner, whose property in Williams County was added to neighboring Mercer County by the 1899 law. Schaffner objected when the Mercer County sheriff seized and attempted to sell Schaffner's property to collect taxes the county claimed Schaffner owned. The court ruled that the seizure was illegal, since the 1895 ruling meant Schaffner's property was outside of Mercer County's jurisdiction.
The Legislature passed a third annexation law in 1903, this time submitting it to the voters Stark County and the unorganized counties of Dunn and Hettinger for approval. The annexation was approved by 502 votes in Stark County and 65 votes in Hettinger County, but it failed by 1 vote in Dunn County. Stark County claimed the annexation vote valid, since the legislation required a majority of the aggregate votes cast. However, the North Dakota Constitution required a majority vote in each affected county subject to annexation, so the state of North Dakota sued Stark County on the grounds that the enabling legislation was unconstitutional and that the "no" vote in Dunn County meant the annexation failed. The North Dakota Supreme Court ruled the 1903 law unconstitutional in 1905. Stark County received a minor boundary change in 1908 when Dunn County was formally organized.
- Dunn County (north)
- Mercer County (northeast)
- Morton County (east)
- Grant County (southeast)
- Hettinger County (south)
- Slope County (southwest)
- Billings County (west)
||Dunn County||Mercer County|
|Billings County||Morton County|
|Slope County||Hettinger County||Grant County|
As of the census of 2000, there were 22,636 people, 8,932 households, and 5,877 families residing in the county. The population density was 17 people per square mile (7/km²). There were 9,722 housing units at an average density of 7 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.52% White, 0.23% Black or African American, 0.94% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.28% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. 1.04% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 57.9% were of German and 10.6% Norwegian ancestry.
There were 8,932 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.9% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.2% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the county the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 11.6% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.0 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $32,526, and the median income for a family was $41,527. Males had a median income of $30,474 versus $20,000 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,929. About 7.9% of families and 12.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.6% of those under age 18 and 16.7% of those age 65 or over.
Note: all incorporated communities in North Dakota are called "cities" regardless of their size.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Long, John H. (2006). "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Long, John H. (2006). "North Dakota: Consolidated Chronology of State and County Boundaries". North Dakota Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "State of Stark". Bismarck Daily Tribune (Bismarck Daily Tribune). 1899-05-19. p. 3.
- N. Dak. Laws 1895 , 4th sess., ch. 25/pp. 21–23;
- Richards v. Stark Co., 8 N.D. 392. , 79 N.W. Rep. 863 (N.D. 1899).
- "State of Stark". Bismarck Daily Tribune (Bismarck Daily Tribune). 1899-06-19. p. 3.
- N. Dak. Laws 1899, 6th sess., ch. 57/p. 67
- Schaffner v. Young, 10 N.D. 245. , 86 N.W. Rep. 733 (N.D. 1901).
- "Act of 1895 and Curative Act of 1899 are Both Unconstitutional and Void.". Bismarck Daily Tribune (Bismarck Daily Tribune). 1901-05-24. p. 2.
- N. Dak. Laws 1903, 8th sess., chs. 68–69/pp. 77–80
- State of North Dakota v. Stark County, 14 N.D. 368. , 103 N.W. 913 (N.D. 1905).
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in North Dakota". United States Census Bureau. 2014-01-29. Retrieved 2014-01-29.
- Stark County, ND official website