Stark Industries

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Stark Enterprises)
Jump to: navigation, search
Stark Industries
Publication information
Publisher Marvel Comics
First appearance Tales of Suspense #40
Created by Robert Bernstein
Stan Lee
Jack Kirby
David Michelinie (Accutech)
Bob Layton (Accutech)
In-story information
Type of business Corporation
Owner(s) Howard Stark
Anthony Edward "Tony" Stark
Obadiah Stane
Kenjiro Fujikawa
Employee(s) James Rupert Rhodes (War Machine)
Pepper Potts
Obadiah Stane
Bethany Cabe
Madame Masque
Rumiko Fujikawa
Morgan Stark
Crimson Dynamo
Happy Hogan
Roster
See:Bulk of the article

Stark Industries, later also known as Stark International, Stark Innovations, Stark/Fujikawa, Stark Enterprises and Stark Resilient, is a fictional multi-billion dollar Conglomerate owned and run by businessman Anthony Edward "Tony" Stark, also known as Iron Man. The company appears in stories published by Marvel Comics. It first appeared in Tales of Suspense #40 and was founded by Tony's father, Howard Stark. According to Forbes 25 largest fictional companies it had an estimated sales of $20.3 billion, ranking it at number 16.[1][2] In the film version of Iron Man, Stark Industries has a logo similar to that of defense contractors Lockheed Martin and Northrop Grumman [3] and is listed on the New York Stock Exchange as SIA. During the press conference scene, Stark is seen entering a building that resembles the entrance to Lockheed Martin's Skunk Works facility. An airplane extremely similar to the Lockheed YF-22 stood as a statue in front of the Stark Industries facility, exactly like the prototypes on display at Skunk Works facility in Palmdale, California.

Biography[edit]

Stark Industries was founded by Isaac Stark Sr in the 19th century and later taken over by Howard Stark and then by his son Tony, after his death. Over the years, through bankruptcy, Tony's "death", Tony's return and hostile takeovers, the company has gone through many name changes including Stark International[4] (later Stane International[5]), Stark Enterprises,[6][7] Stark/Fujikawa[8] and Stark Solutions.[9]

Stark Industries[edit]

Functions[edit]

The company is a technology company that develops and manufactures advanced weapon and defense technologies. The company manufactures the armor worn by Iron Man and War Machine. It builds the helicarriers used by S.H.I.E.L.D. It produces the Quinjets used by the Avengers.

Staff[edit]

Subsidiaries[edit]

  • Project: Caribbean (staff unknown)[19] - Stark Industries made an effort to start a plant in Haiti, however it was destroyed by Night Phantom.

Stark International[edit]

Originally Stark Industries, the name was changed when the company ceased manufacturing munitions, with Tony handing over the CEO position to Peper Potts. Eventually the company was taken over by Obadiah Stane after a hostile takeover and he renamed it Stane International.

Staff[edit]

  • Tony Stark - Original Head
  • James Rupert Rhodes - Pilot, later Acting CEO
  • Bambi Arbogast - An executive assistant.[20]
  • Yvette Avril[21] - Worked for the French branch of Stark International and was brought to the USA to become vice president of the Long Island facility. She unsuccessfully attempted to save the company when Tony Stark went on a major drinking binge and quit after takeover by Obadiah Stane.
  • Bethany Cabe[5]
  • Dianne Carruthers[6]
  • Morley Erwin[22] - Owned Circuits Maximus as well as working Stark International. He is the brother of Clytemnestra Erwin. He also assisted Jim Rhodes in learning to use the Iron Man armor, helped form Circuits Maximus, killed when Obadiah Stane had the Circuits Maximus building bombed[23]
  • Abe Klein - Director of Engineering.[24] - Tony Stark's old electrical engineering professor; killed by Mordecai Midas[25]
  • Scott Lang (Ant-Man)[26]
  • Kristine "Krissy" Longfellow - Secretary.[27] She Posed as Tony Stark's secretary to be close to him without involving him with a criminal.
  • Harold Marks (Techno-Killer) - A research technician.[28] He left to work for author James Spencer; built an armor in order to gain respect and vengeance from perceived lack of appreciation
  • Vincent "Vic" Martinelli - A security guard.[29] He was a former soldier and architect. Worked for Williams Innovations before working at Stark International. He remained with Obidiah Stane after his hostile takeover due to difficulty in finding a new job.
  • Artemus "Artie" Pithins - Director of Public Relations.[30] He is currently a White House Press Secretary. Quit Stark International after Obadiah Stane took over.
  • Erica Sondheim - Medical Director.[31]
  • Carl Walker -[volume & issue needed]
  • Cherry Wood - A scientist.[29] She studied Doctor Octopus' Adamantium arms and dated Stark. She was taken hostage by Doctor Octopus.

Stane International[edit]

After driving Tony Stark back to alcoholism, Obadiah Stane wrested control of Stark International from Jim Rhodes after a hostile takeover and renamed the company after himself. Stane renewed the munitions manufacturing. However after Stane was killed, the company was run by a mysterious cartel which was eventually bought out and reabsorbed by Stark Enterprises.

Staff[edit]

  • Obadiah Stane[5] - CEO of Stane International.
  • Joel Arons[32] - He was involved in a project that kidnapped Myron MacLain. He stole Captain America’s proto-adamantium shield
  • Joseph "Joe" Faulkner - General Manager.[33]
  • Dr. Edward "Edwin" Earl Hawkins[34] - Designed the Mass Acquisition Unit. He aided Giant Man (Bill Foster) in battling Doctor Nemesis.
  • Karaguchi Inoyawa[35] - Sought to rebuild the Red Ronin for peaceful purposes.
  • Joseph "Joe" Kilman[35] - After being fired for unknown reasons, he sought revenge by trying to take control of Red Ronin
  • Vic Martinelli[4]
  • Michael Craig Stockton (Dr. Nemesis)[36] - Sought to coerce Dr. Hawkins into creating a mass acquisition warhead.

Stark Enterprises[edit]

After regaining his personal fortune following Obadiah Stane's death, Tony established a new company, Stark Enterprises, in Los Angeles.

Staff[edit]

  • Tony Stark[6] - CEO and Founder/Emeritus President
  • James Rhodes - Former CEO (when Stark was in suspended animation following his first "death"; quit upon Stark's revival); former pilot
  • Rothvichet Poch[37] - Former lawyer, vice-president and CEO. Alvarez defended Tony Stark in the trial of Kathy Dare.
  • Bambi Arbogast[6]
  • Veronica Benning/Victoria Michelle[38] - Tony Stark's physiotherapist
  • Bethany Cabe[39] - Security Chief and former bodyguard of Tony Stark
  • Diane Carruthers[6]
  • Lee Clayton[40]
  • Ed Deal[41] - Worked on the VLS-2980 Project
  • Phillip Grant[42] - Computer hacker.
  • Chester "Chet" Harrigan[40] - Former chauffeur to Tony Stark.
  • Bert Hindel[43] - Former lawyer of Stark Enterprises. He was fired after he failed to clear up the Government civil suits brought on during the Armor Wars. He also unsuccessfully defended Kathy Dare.
  • Happy Hogan[6]
  • Heuristically Operative-Matrix-Emulation Rostrum (H.O.M.E.R.)[44] - Nearly intelligent computer of Tony Stark.
  • Sarah Jennings[45] - Accounts & Marketing
  • Kylie Normandy[40]
  • Dr. Cal Oakley[46] - Former employee of Cordco. Oakley assisted in rebuilding Tony Stark's nervous system following his being shot by Kathy Dare.
  • Marcia Jessica "Marcy" Pearson[6] - Former Director of Public Relations and later Vice-President. Rhodes fired her when she resented his being named Stark's successor as CEO.
  • Garrison Quint[47] - Chief of security
  • James Simpson[48] - Security guard. He allowed Edgar Elliot to sabotage Tony Stark's experimental rocket.
  • Dr. Erica Fredrika Sondheim[46] - Medical Director; former surgeon
  • Wayne Unnier[40]
  • Nick Walcek[40]
  • Atha Williams[43] - Secretary
  • Roderick Withers[49] - Director of Public Relations
  • Abraham Paul "Abe" Zimmer[43] - Research director and former member of the board of directors at Accutech. He was killed by Calico.[50]

Subsidiaries[edit]

  • Accutech[43] - Research and Development company, based in California, that was bought out as a subsidiary.[43] The company produced and designed a Beta Particle Generator which was sabotaged by the Ghost. Known staff members include Gilbert O’Connor and Abe Zimmer.
  • Barstow Electronics[51]> - Subsidiary of Stark Enterprises based in California. It employed Carl Walker after Force's faked death.
  • Cordco[46] - Bought out by Stark Enterprises to force Dr. Cal Oakley to implant a biochip in Tony Stark’s spine after he was shot by Kathy Dare. Known staff members include Addison Drexel, Edwin Cord. Dr. Cal Oakley, and Basil Sandhurst.
  • Stane International[52] - It was reacquired by Stark from Justin Hammer, who owned SI following Obidiah Stane's death. The company reproduced Stark's original Guardsman armor for use at the Vault. Much of Stane's operations involved disreputable business practices, leading Stark to initiate a major clean-up effort after reacquiring the company.[53]
  • Hot Cup Coffee - Created by Stark using the pseudonym "The Boss".

Stark/Fujikawa[edit]

Created by a merger of Stark Enterprises and Fujikawa Industries following apparent death of Iron Man/Anthony Stark.

Staff[edit]

Subsidiaries[edit]

  • Fujikawa Industries[56] - The previous version of this company helped form Stark-Fujikawa. A Japanese firm which took over Stark Enterprises following seeming death of Tony Stark. Known employees include Tso Fwon, Yu Kurin, Tobi Kanigawa and Wilson Fisk.
  • Oracle Incorporated[57] - Formed by Namor, the company was sold to Stark-Fujikawa. Formerly served as the headquarters of Heroes for Hire. After Tony's "death", Bambi Arbogast seconded here. Known employees include Caleb Alexander (who was killed), Carrie Alexander, Allison Grain, Jim Hammond (Human Torch), Robert Losey, Kent Maitland, Phoebe Marrs, Leon McKenzie, Namor McKenzie (former CEO), Rihanna O'Connor, Dr. Anita Savvy, Dr. Richard Savvy, Bambi Arbogast, Josef Went and James "Jimbob" Roberts.
  • Parallel Conglomerate[58] - Subsidiary of Oracle Inc. (which would make it a subsidiary of Stark-Fujikawa). Known employees are Captain Holten Gamble (who was killed on board an oil tanker owned by Parallel Conglomerate)[59] and Oliver Russell.
  • Rand-Meachum - A company formed by Harold Meachum and Wendell Rand,[60] became a subsidiary of Stark-Fujikawa. Known employees include Daniel Rand (Iron Fist), Wendell Rand-K'ai, Leon McKenzie, Harold Meachum, Ward Meachum, Joy Meachum, Jason Quartermaster, Peregrin Took, Martina Tereshkova and Dr. Ilya Faro

Stark Solutions[edit]

The fifth company run/owned by Tony Stark and was founded after his return from another dimension. It was shut down by Tony after he was defamed by Tiberius Stone who was subliminally influencing him.

Staff[edit]

Stark Industries/International[edit]

The sixth company owned/run by/founded by Tony Stark and was set up after the closure of Stark Solutions. After the events of "The Five Nightmares" and "World Most Wanted" story arcs, Stark Industries goes bankrupt and eventually closed down. It was also known as Stark International, both names formerly used in previous incarnations of the company. Its logo being the same as the S.I. Logo in the Iron Man film series.

Staff[edit]

  • Tony Stark - CEO
  • Joseph Jeremy "Joe" Arnold[61] - One of the Security Department heads.
  • David Beaumont[61] - One of the Security Department heads.
  • Arturos Benning[62] - One of the Security Department heads
  • Friday[63]
  • Happy Hogan[7] - Tony Stark's bodyguard. Killed saving Stark from an assassination attempt[64]
  • Michael "Mike" Jochum[61] - One of the Security Department heads.
  • Kurt Kennison[61] - One of the Security Department heads.
  • Takeshis Kobayashi[65] - Head of Research & Development.
  • Archie Merchant[62] - One of the Security Department heads.
  • Pepper Potts[7]
  • Katherine Rennie[66] - Tony Stark's personal secretary
  • James Rupert Rhodes (War Machine)[7]
  • Jack Rutledge[67] - He was involved in the development of a Gamma Radiation Neutralizing Armor. He was later killed by Richard Cummings for covering up the death of Lisa Cummings.[67]
  • Ryan Zimm[62] - One of the Security Department heads.
  • Gallileo "Leo" Braithwaite[65]
  • Jan Kolins[65]
  • Svengoto Eriksson[9] - Following closure of Stark Solution, he has been given principal datas by Tony Stark and then individually reinvented the AI "Jarvis" and armoury of Iron Man suit. During establishment of Stark Industries, he given the research result to Tony. Tony admired him and said that the new suit is like giving Tony a "Regent".
  • Martha Johns[68]
  • Geoff Douglat[69]
  • Tessa Springfield[volume & issue needed]
  • Anna Wei[volume & issue needed]
  • Michael Cline, Supporter

Other versions[edit]

2099[edit]

In the alternate future set in the year 2099, Stark Fujikawa is a major corporate power, alongside Roxxon. The only known staff members are Hikaru-Sama and Shudo[70]

Ultimate Marvel[edit]

Stark Industries also appears in the Ultimate universe.[71] As well as Stark International in the Ultimates Comics.

Stark Solutions also appears as a separate company owned by Dr. Gregory Stark, Tony Stark's older brother.[72]

MC2[edit]

In the alternate future of MC2, the company is known as Stark Global Industries and is owned and run by Tony Stark.[73]

Earth Ultra-Vision[edit]

In a What If story, the company is known as Stark Interplanetary and was the creators of the Irondroids[74]

Amalgam[edit]

In the world of Amalgam, the company is known as Stark Aircraft (itself a merger between Stark Industries and Ferris Aircraft). The only known employees are Janice Doremus, Pepper Ferris, Happy Kalmaku, Stewart Rhodes, Hal Stark.[75]

In other media[edit]

Television[edit]

  • Stark Industries was featured in the 1990s Iron Man TV series. In this show, Julia Carpenter (the second Spider-Woman) is also depicted as the head of Stark Industries' Research and Development.
  • A Stark Enterprises building can be seen in the X-Men: Evolution episode "On Angels' Wings".
  • Stark International is featured in Iron Man: Armored Adventures. After Howard Stark was abducted by the Mandrarin in a plane crash, Obadiah Stane becomes CEO of Stark Industries. In "Cold War," it is revealed that Blizzard used to work for Stark Industries until an accident caused by Obadiah Stane left him "deformed and destroyed." In "Designed Only for Chaos," Roberta Rhodes revealed to Tony that Stark Industries used to make weapons until Howard Stark stopped their production when Tony was born. In "Heavy Mettle," Obadiah Stane ends up fired by the Chairman of the Board after Tony Stark and Roberta Rhodes show the Board of Directors the footage of Obadiah Stane making a deal with Ghost is shown. In "Hostile Takeover," Justin Hammer ends up buying Stark International and sends Sasha to tell Tony Stark that he will no longer inherit the company when he reaches 18. After the fight with Titanium Man, Whiplash, Killer Shrike, and Unicorn, Tony Stark along with Rhodey and Pepper create a company called Stark Solutions. In "The Hammer Falls," Howard Stark manages to reclaim Stark International after Justin Hammer is exposed and defeated.
  • In the Eureka episode "Once in a lifetime", Nathan Stark is shown in a building with the name Stark Industries.

Film[edit]

  • The 2008 film Iron Man features the company, with a logo similar to those of Northrop Grumman and Lockheed Martin, and touted as developing many of the same weapons systems that Lockheed Martin is/was responsible for developing, such as the F-22 Raptor and F-16 Fighting Falcon. After Tony's father Howard died, Obadiah Stane became the CEO and later abdicated when Tony was old enough to run it. After Stark comes back from Afghanistan, he announces that he is closing the weapons division of the company. After Stane confronts Stark about what percentage the company's stocks might fall both guess about forty percent. In the next scene Jim Cramer is seen on CNBC with a NYSE ticker tape at the bottom of the screen reading Stark Industries at 56.50 per share down by 82.25.
  • In The Incredible Hulk movie, Stark Industries logo flashes on the screen during the opening credit sequence when General Ross request to the company the Sonic Cannon that the army use against the Hulk later in the movie and it is also on the Cyrosync container containing the Super Soldier Serum.
  • In 2010, Stark Industries appeared again in the film Iron Man 2.[76] In the absence of Obadiah Stane, Virginia "Pepper" Potts became the CEO of the Stark Industries.[77] As a promotion for the film, at the 2009 San Diego Comic Con, Stark Industries recruiters handed out business cards with an invitation to apply for a job at Stark Industries by visiting StarkIndustriesNow.com.[78][79] Furthermore, on May 7, 2010, in Flushing Meadows, Stark Industries, for the first time since 1974, hosted the renowned Stark Expo.[80]
  • In 2012, Stark Industries appeared in The Avengers, with Tony Stark opening the Stark Tower in New York.
  • In 2013, Stark Industries appeared in Iron Man 3, Pepper is once again CEO of Stark Industries and Happy Hogan is the head of security. Happy calls out to an off-camera secretary named Bambi in reference to Bambi Arbogast.[82]

Video games[edit]

  • A billboard in Spider-Man, on the level 'Race to the Bugle' features a Stark Solutions logo and the slogan 'Consulting in the Future', on the building just before the Bugle building.
  • Stark Industries appears in The Punisher video game. The Eternal Sun group raid the company to steal the Iron Man armors.
  • A Stark Industries sign is visible in the opening cutscene for Marvel vs. Capcom 3: Fate of Two Worlds when Iron Man is battling Morrigan Aensland.
  • In Spider-Man Shattered Dimensions, the 2099 universe makes repeated mention of Stark-Fujikawa on signs and over intercom announcements.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michael Noer and David M. Ewalt (2007). "In Pictures: The 25 Largest Fictional Companies: #16 Stark Industries". Forbes. Retrieved 28 February 2013. 
  2. ^ Noer, Michael (3/11/2011). "The 25 Largest Fictional Companies". Forbes.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  3. ^ Mooradian, Steve. "‘Iron Man’ movie’s Stark Industries is clearly a spoof of Lockheed Martin" Negative99.com, 5 May 2008.
  4. ^ a b Gary Friedrich & Tom Orzechowski (w), Arvell Jones & Keith Pollard (p), Jim Mooney (i). "Turnabout: A Most Foul Play" Iron Man 73 (March 1975), Marvel Comics
  5. ^ a b c Denny O'Neil (w), Luke McDonnell (p), Steve Mitchell (i). "Judas is a Woman" Iron Man 173 (August 1983), Marvel Comics
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Bob Layton Sr & David Michelinie (w), Doc Bright (p), Bob Layton Sr (i). "Stratosfire" Iron Man Annual 9 (1987), Marvel Comics
  7. ^ a b c d Frank Tieri (w), Keron Grant (p), Pierre Andre-Dery, Rich Perrotta & Rob Stull (i). "The Big Bang Theory Part 4" Iron Man vol. 3 45 (October 2001), Marvel Comics
  8. ^ Mark Bernardo, Kurt Busiek, Tom DeFalco, J. M. DeMatteis, Howard Mackie & Mark Waid (w), Mark Bagley, Klaus Janson, Andy Kubert, Rick Leonardi & Aaron Lopresti (p), Jesse Delperdang, Klaus Janson, Aaron Lopresti, Mark Pennington, Rachel Pinnock, Vince Russell & Al Williamson (i). "Tales of the Marvel Universe" Tales of the Marvel Universe 1 (February 1997), Marvel Comics
  9. ^ a b c d e f Kurt Busiek (w), Sean Chen (p), Eric Cannon (i). "Locking Forward" Iron Man vol. 3 1 (February 1998), Marvel Comics
  10. ^ a b Robert Bernstein & Sokheang (w), Don Heck (p), Don Heck (i). "The Icy Fingers of Jack Frost" Tales of Suspense 45 (September 1963), Marvel Comics
  11. ^ Steve Ditko & Len Wein (w), Steve Ditko (p), Steve Ditko (i). "A Man's Reach" Shadow & Light 1 (February 1998), Marvel Comics
  12. ^ Fabian Nicieza (w), Mark Bagley (p), Al Williamson (i). "Mirror Moves" New Warriors 2 (August 1990), Marvel Comics
  13. ^ Fabian Nicieza (w), Mark Bagley (p), Larry Mahlstedt (i). "The Sushi People" New Warriors 15 (September 1991), Marvel Comics
  14. ^ Fury I #1
  15. ^ Bob Layton Sr & David Michelinie (w), Bob Layton Sr (p), Bob Layton Sr (i). "Yesterday... And Tomorrow" Iron Man 244 (July 1989), Marvel Comics
  16. ^ Archie Goodwin (w), George Tuska (p), Mike Esposito (i). "The Replacement" Iron Man 21 (January 1970), Marvel Comics
  17. ^ Robert Bernstein & Stan Lee (w), Don Heck (p), Don Heck (i). "Iron Man Faces the Crimson Dynamo" Tales of Suspense 46 (October 1963), Marvel Comics
  18. ^ Bob Layton Sr & David Michelinie (w), John Romita Jr (p), Bob Layton Sr (i). "Doomquest" Iron Man 149 (August 1981), Marvel Comics
  19. ^ Archie Goodwin (w), Jay Taycee (p), Jay Taycee (i). "The Night Phantom Walks" Iron Man 14 (June 1969), Marvel Comics
  20. ^ Bob Layton Sr & David Michelinie (w), John Byrne & Bob Layton Sr (p), Bob Layton Sr (i). "At the Mercy of My Friends" Iron Man 118 (January 1979), Marvel Comics
  21. ^ Bob Layton Sr & David Michelinie (w), John Romita Jr & Bob Layton Sr (p), Bob Layton Sr (i). "No S.H.I.E.L.D. To Protect Me" Iron Man 119 (February 1979), Marvel Comics
  22. ^ Denny O'Neil (w), Luke McDonnell (p), Steve Mitchell (i). "Blackout" Iron Man 169 (April 1983), Marvel Comics
  23. ^ Denny O'Neil (w), Herb Trimpe (p), Ian Akin & Brian Garvey (i). "And One of Them Must Die" Iron Man 199 (October 1985), Marvel Comics
  24. ^ Len Wein (w), Marie Severin & Herb Trimpe (p), Jack Abel (i). "Plunder of the Apes" Iron Man 82 (January 1976), Marvel Comics
  25. ^ Bill Mantlo (w), Keith Pollard (p), Fred Kida (i). "And In The End..." Iron Man 107 (February 1978), Marvel Comics
  26. ^ David Michelinie (w), John Romita Jr (p), Pablo Marcos (i). "The Mauler Mandate" Iron Man 156 (March 1982), Marvel Comics
  27. ^ Gerry Conway (w), George Tuska (p), Bob Layton Sr (i). "Breakout" Iron Man 91 (October 1976), Marvel Comics
  28. ^ Glenn Greenberg (w), Paris T Karounos (p), Tim Tuohy (i). "Novel Approach" Marvel Comics Presents 132 (1993), Marvel Comics
  29. ^ a b Roger McKenzie (w), Ken Steacy (p), Ken Steacy (i). "Night of the Octopus" Marvel Fanfare 22 (September 1985), Marvel Comics
  30. ^ Bob Layton Sr & David Michelinie (w), John Romita Jr & Bob Layton Sr (p), Bob Layton Sr (i). "Pieces of Hate" Iron Man 124 (July 1979), Marvel Comics
  31. ^ David Michelinie (w), John Byrne & Bob Layton Sr (p), Bob Layton Sr (i). "To Steal an Ant-Man" Marvel Premiere 47 (April 1979), Marvel Comics
  32. ^ Mike Carlin (w), Paul Neary (p), Dennis Janke (i). "Double Dare" Captain America 303 (March 1985), Marvel Comics
  33. ^ David Michelinie (w), Chris Marrinan (p), Keith Williams (i). "Death Toy" Amazing Spider-Man 360 (March 1992), Marvel Comics
  34. ^ Dwayne McDuffie (w), Ron Wilson (p), Ken Branch (i). "The Third Life of Bill Foster" Marvel Comics Presents 113 (1992), Marvel Comics
  35. ^ a b Tom DeFlaco (w), Al Milgrom (p), Jose Marzan Jr (i). "The Awesome Attackoid" Solo Avengers 15 (February 1989), Marvel Comics
  36. ^ Tom DeFlaco (w), Mark D. Bright (p), Jose Marzan Jr (i). "Blind Justice" Solo Avengers 8 (July 1988), Marvel Comics
  37. ^ Bob Layton Sr & David Michelinie (w), Jackson Guice (p), Bob Layton Sr (i). "Two Live or Die in L.A." Iron Man 238 (January 1989), Marvel Comics
  38. ^ Len Kaminski (w), Kev Hopgood (p), Steve Mitchell (i). "Mixed Reactions" Iron Man 292 (May 1993), Marvel Comics
  39. ^ Len Kaminski (w), Tom Morgan (p), Brad Vancata (i). "The Light at the End" Iron Man 289 (February 1993), Marvel Comics
  40. ^ a b c d e Kurt Busiek (w), James Fry III (p), Karl Kesel (i). "The Applicant" Marvel Super-Heroes vol. 3 9 (1992), Marvel Comics
  41. ^ Len Kaminski, David Anthony Kraft & Keith Pollard (w), Keith Pollard (p), Ian Akin & Brian Garvey (i). "The Heart of Power" Marvel Super-Heroes vol. 3 15 (October 1993), Marvel Comics
  42. ^ Len Kaminski (w), Kev Hopgood (p), Steve Mitchell (i). "Green Politics" Iron Man 305 (June 1994), Marvel Comics
  43. ^ a b c d e Bob Layton Sr & David Michelinie (w), Bob Layton Sr (p), Bob Layton Sr (i). "Ghost Story" Iron Man 219 (June 1987), Marvel Comics
  44. ^ Eliot R. Brown (w), Eliot R. Brown (p), Eliot R. Brown (i). "Iron Manual" Iron Manual 1 (1993), Marvel Comics
  45. ^ Bob Layton Sr (w), John Romita Jr (p), Harry Candelario (i). "Soliloquy in Silence" Iron Man 256 (May 1990), Marvel Comics
  46. ^ a b c Bob Layton Sr & David Michelinie (w), Bob Layton Sr (p), Bob Layton Sr (i). "Footsteps" Iron Man 248 (November 1989), Marvel Comics
  47. ^ Bob Layton Sr & David Michelinie (w), Doc Bright (p), Bob Layton Sr (i). "The Party" Iron Man 222 (September 1987), Marvel Comics
  48. ^ Bob DeNatale (w), Larry Alexander (p), Chris Ivy (i). "Cold Feelings" Marvel Super-Heroes vol. 3 2 (July 1990), Marvel Comics
  49. ^ Bob Layton Sr & David Michelinie (w), Bob Layton Sr (p), Bob Layton Sr (i). "The Doctor's Passion" Iron Man 249 (November 1989), Marvel Comics
  50. ^ Terry Kavanagh (w), Mark Campos & Jim Cheung (p), Mark McKenna (i). "Good as Gone" Iron Man 330 (July 1996), Marvel Comics
  51. ^ Iron Man #224
  52. ^ Iron Man #283
  53. ^ "Crash and Burn", Iron Man #301-306
  54. ^ a b Kurt Busiek (w), Sean Chen (p), Eric Cannon & Sean Parsons (i). "Hidden Assets" Iron Man vol. 3 4 (May 1998), Marvel Comics
  55. ^ Mark Scott Ricketts (w), Tony Harris (p), Tom Feister & Chip Wallace (i). "The Singularity Part 2" Iron Man vol. 3 87 (October 2004), Marvel Comics
  56. ^ Peter David (w), Rick Leonardi (p), Al Williamson (i). "Spider-Man 2099 Meets Spider-Man" Spider-Man 2099 Meets Spider-Man 1 (November 1995), Marvel Comics
  57. ^ John Byrne (w), John Byrne (p), Bob Wiacek (i). "Purpose" Namor the Sub-Mariner 1 (April 1990), Marvel Comics
  58. ^ John Byrne (w), John Byrne (p), Bob Wiacek (i). "Meeting of the Board" Namor the Sub-Mariner 3 (June 1990), Marvel Comics
  59. ^ John Byrne (w), John Byrne (p), Bob Wiacek (i). "Black Water" Namor the Sub-Mariner 4 (July 1990), Marvel Comics
  60. ^ Doug Moench (w), Larry Hama (p), Doc Giordano (i). "Citadel On the Edge of Vengeance" Marvel Premiere 17 (September 1974), Marvel Comics
  61. ^ a b c d Joe Casey (w), Frazer Irving (p), Frazer Irving (i). "The Inevitable Book 3: Those Who Can't, Teach" Iron Man: The Inevitable 3 (April 2006), Marvel Comics
  62. ^ a b c Joe Casey (w), Frazer Irving (p), Frazer Irving (i). "Ordinary People" Iron Man: The Inevitable 4 (May 2006), Marvel Comics
  63. ^ Iron Man vol. 3 #53
  64. ^ Charles Knauf & Daniel Knauf (w), Patrick Zircher (p), Scott Hanna (i). "Civil War Part 2" Invincible Iron Man 14 (January 2007), Marvel Comics
  65. ^ a b c Mark Scott Ricketts (w), Tony Harris (p), Tom Feister (i). "The Singularity Part 1" Iron Man vol. 3 86 (September 2004), Marvel Comics
  66. ^ Warren Ellis (w), Adi Granov (p), Adi Granov (i). "Extremis Part 1" Invincible Iron Man 1 (January 2005), Marvel Comics
  67. ^ a b Bruce Jones (w), Dougie Braithwaite (p), Bill Reinhold (i). "Big Things Part 3: Shock Waves" Incredible Hulk vol. 2 73 (August 2004), Marvel Comics
  68. ^ Brian Michael Bendis (w), Frank Cho (p), Frank Cho (i). "Secrets & Lies Part 1" New Avengers 14 (February 2006), Marvel Comics
  69. ^ Warren Ellis (w), Adi Granov (p), Adi Granov (i). "Extremis Part 1" Invincible Iron Man 2 (February 2005), Marvel Comics
  70. ^ Peter David (w), Rick Leonardi (p), Al Williamson (i). "Nothing Gained" Spider-Man 2099 3 (January 1993), Marvel Comics
  71. ^ Brian Michael Bendis (w), Doc Allred (p), Doc Allred (i). "Spider-Man & Iron Man Part 1" Ultimate Marvel Team-Up 4 (July 2001), Marvel Comics
  72. ^ Ultimate Comics: Avengers #1
  73. ^ Tom DeFalco & Pat Olliffe (w), Pat Olliffe (p), Al Williamson (i). "With Friends Like These" Spider-Girl 31 (April 2001), Marvel Comics
  74. ^ Jean-Marc Lofficier, Randy Lofficier & Roy Thomas (w), Ron Wilson (p), Sam DeLarosa (i). "the Vision Had Conquered the World?" What If...? vol. 2 19 (November 1990), Marvel Comics
  75. ^ Kurt Busiek (w), Paul Smith (p), Bob McLeod, Al Milgrom, Tom Palmer Jr, Andrew Pepoy & Al Williamson (i). "Showdown at Stark Aircraft" Iron Lantern 1 (June 1997), Marvel Comics/DC Comics/Amalgam Comics
  76. ^ [1]
  77. ^ This week's cover: 'Iron Man 2' with exclusive photos! | PopWatch Blog | EW.com
  78. ^ [2]
  79. ^ [3]
  80. ^ http://www.starkexpo2010.com/
  81. ^ [4]
  82. ^ Iron Man 3 Easter Egg
  83. ^ http://insidemovies.ew.com/2014/01/31/captain-america-the-winter-soldier-super-bowl-teaser/3/