Starke County, Indiana

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Starke County, Indiana
County
Starke County Courthouse in Knox
Starke County Courthouse in Knox
Location in the state of Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Coordinates: 41°16′N 86°39′W / 41.267°N 86.650°W / 41.267; -86.650Coordinates: 41°16′N 86°39′W / 41.267°N 86.650°W / 41.267; -86.650
Country United States United States
State Indiana Indiana
Region Michiana
Established February 7, 1835
Named for Gen. John Stark
County seat Knox
Largest city Knox
(population and total area)
Incorporated
Municipalities
Government
 • Type County
 • Body Board of Commissioners
 • Commissioner Kent Danford
 • Commissioner Jennifer Davis
 • Commissioner Kathryn Norem
Area
 • Total 312.21 sq mi (808.6 km2)
 • Land 309.13 sq mi (800.6 km2)
 • Water 3.07 sq mi (8.0 km2)
Area rank 65th largest county in Indiana
Elevation 712 ft (217 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 23,363
 • Estimate (2013) 23,197
 • Rank 78th largest county in Indiana
1,679th largest county in U.S.[1]
 • Density 75.6/sq mi (29.2/km2)
Time zone Central (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central (UTC-5)
ZIP Codes 46348, 46366, 46374, 46511, 46531-32, 46534, 46574, 46960
Area code 574
Congressional district 2nd
Indiana Senate district 5th
Indiana House of Representatives district 17th
FIPS code 18-149
GNIS feature ID 0450389
U.S. Routes

U.S. Route 30 U.S. Route 35 U.S. Route 421


State Routes

Indiana 8.svg Indiana 10.svg Indiana 23.svg Indiana 39.svg


Airport

Starke County


Waterways Kankakee RiverYellow River
Website www.co.starke.in.us
  • Indiana county number 75
Demographics (2010)[2]
White Black Asian
97.1% 0.3% 0.2%
Islander Native Other Hispanic
(any race)
0.0% 0.3% 2.1% 3.3%

Starke County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 23,363.[3] The county seat is Knox.[4]

History[edit]

Starke County was created in 1835[5] and organized in 1850.[6] It was named for Gen. John Stark,[7] who commanded New Hampshire troops at the Battle of Bunker Hill in 1775 in the Revolutionary War and defeated the British at the Battle of Bennington in 1777.[8]

Before white settlement, all of the land that forms modern-day Starke County and adjacent LaPorte County to the north belonged to the Potawatami Indian nation. These Indians were forcibly removed to Kansas by the United States government in 1838, and many died on what has been called the Trail of Death.[9][10]

When Starke County was created, it included the area of land that today comprises the LaPorte County townships of Cass, Dewey, Hanna, and Prairie. It was necessary for residents in this area to travel some distance east to Lemon's Bridge to cross the Kankakee River in order to travel south to the center of the county, the future site of the county seat at Knox. Therefore, because they were effectively isolated from the rest of Starke county, residents north of the river petitioned to be annexed to LaPorte county and this was done on January 28, 1842.[11]

Name[edit]

Despite being named for Gen. John Stark and originally being known and appearing on maps as Stark County[12] when initially created and organized, an e was added to the county's name fairly early in its history. There appears to be no solid evidence to clearly explain the alteration. There are at least three as yet unsubstantiated explanations for the change. It is possible that an early scribe had 'fancy lettering', including a k with a long tail or flourish that appeared to others as ke, the new spelling sticking.[13] It has also been said that Gen. Stark himself used a similar flourish at the end of his signature[14] which became a point of confusion to Indiana officials. This seems most unlikely when one considers that Stark counties in Ohio (1808) and Illinois (1839) both preceded Starke County's organization and offered clear precedence and guidance on the spelling of the name, not to mention other numerous settlements within the United States named after the General also predating Starke County. Lastly, and possibly most plausibly, it is thought that the change occurred around 1860 as the result of a clerical error by an official in Indianapolis.[15]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 312.21 square miles (808.6 km2), of which 309.13 square miles (800.6 km2) (or 99.01%) is land and 3.07 square miles (8.0 km2) (or 0.98%) is water.[16] The northwestern boundary of Starke County is defined by the Kankakee River; the Yellow River, a tributary of the Kankakee, flows through the central part of the county, past Knox.[17]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Municipalities[edit]

The municipalities in Starke County, and their populations as of the 2010 Census, are:

Cities and towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

The nine townships of Starke County, with their populations as of the 2010 Census, are:

Education[edit]

Public schools in Starke County are administered by four different districts:

Hospitals[edit]

  • Indiana University Health Starke Hospital, Knox – 53 beds

Climate and weather[edit]

Knox, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.9
 
31
14
 
 
1.7
 
36
18
 
 
2.7
 
47
28
 
 
3.5
 
60
38
 
 
3.8
 
72
50
 
 
4.1
 
80
59
 
 
3.9
 
84
63
 
 
3.9
 
82
61
 
 
3.3
 
75
53
 
 
2.9
 
64
42
 
 
3.1
 
49
31
 
 
2.6
 
36
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[18]

In recent years, average temperatures in Knox have ranged from a low of 14 °F (−10 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −29 °F (−34 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 102 °F (39 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.68 inches (43 mm) in February to 4.09 inches (104 mm) in June.[18]

Government[edit]

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[19][20]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[19][20]

Court: The judge on the court is elected to a term of six years. The judge is assisted by a magistrate who is appointed by the judge. The court handles criminal and civil cases, and has a small claims division. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[20]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[20]

Starke County is part of Indiana's 2nd congressional district in the United States House of Representatives; a district that has been represented by Jackie Walorski since January 2013.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 149
1850 557 273.8%
1860 2,195 294.1%
1870 3,888 77.1%
1880 5,105 31.3%
1890 7,339 43.8%
1900 10,431 42.1%
1910 10,567 1.3%
1920 10,278 −2.7%
1930 10,620 3.3%
1940 12,258 15.4%
1950 15,282 24.7%
1960 17,911 17.2%
1970 19,280 7.6%
1980 21,997 14.1%
1990 22,747 3.4%
2000 23,556 3.6%
2010 23,363 −0.8%
Est. 2013 23,197 −0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[21]
1790-1960[22] 1900-1990[23]
1990-2000[24] 2010-2013[3]

As of the census[25] of 2000, there were 23,556 people, 8,740 households, and 6,450 families residing in the county. The population density was 76 people per square mile (29/km²). There were 10,201 housing units at an average density of 33 per square mile (13/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.52% White, 0.22% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.74% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. 2.18% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25.2% were of German, 17.5% American, 11.0% Irish, 8.2% Polish and 6.4% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 8,740 households out of which 33.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.40% were married couples living together, 9.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.20% were non-families. 22.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.80% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,243, and the median income for a family was $42,355. Males had a median income of $32,779 versus $21,071 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,466. About 8.80% of families and 11.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.10% of those under age 18 and 10.10% of those age 65 or over. These numbers routinely rank among the lowest per capita incomes and highest poverty rates in the state of Indiana.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "USA Counties in Profile". STATS Indiana. Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  2. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics 2010, Table DP-1, 2010 Demographic Profile Data. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  3. ^ a b "Starke County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ Wikipedia Indiana counties. Retrieved 1-1-2010 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indiana_counties
  6. ^ Starke county historical society, General Information. Retrieved 1-1-2010 http://www.starkehistory.com/index_files/Page832.htm
  7. ^ Baker, Ronald L.; Marvin Carmony (1995). Indiana Place Names. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. p. 158. ISBN 0-253-28340-X. 
  8. ^ De Witt Clinton Goodrich & Charles Richard Tuttle (1875). An Illustrated History of the State of Indiana. Indiana: R. S. Peale & co. p. 577. 
  9. ^ Starke County Public Library factsheet http://www.scpl.lib.in.us/historical/timeline/timeline.pdf
  10. ^ History of 1838 Trail of Death http://www.potawatomi-tda.org/ptodhist.htm
  11. ^ Brief history of LaPorte county http://www.laportecountyhistory.org/history.htm
  12. ^ http://housedivided.dickinson.edu/main/index.php?q=node/19540
  13. ^ http://www.starkehistory.com/index_files/Page1027.htm
  14. ^ http://www.countyhistory.com/starke/start.html
  15. ^ http://www.starkehistory.com/index_files/timeline.pdf
  16. ^ "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-10-10. 
  17. ^ Indiana Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Me.: DeLorme. 1998. pp. 19–20, 25–26. ISBN 0-89933-211-0. 
  18. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Knox, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  19. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  20. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  21. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  22. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  23. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  24. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  25. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.