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Starosel is mainly known for its abundance of ancient Neolithic and Thracian sites, with finds dating as far back as the 5th-6th millennium BC. The village was in Antiquity an important and wealthy Thracian city in the 5th century BC, as evidenced by the excavations in the 20th century. The largest underground temple in the Balkans is found under the Chetinyova Mogila (tumulus), along with a mausoleum. The temple as well as nearby Thracian king's residence under Mount Kozi Gramadi were likely built during the reign of Amatokos II (359-351 BC).
Other sites include the Horizont tumulus, where the only known Thracian temple featuring a colonnade (a Doric one) is located, as well as 9 other tumuli in the surrounding area.