Staßfurt

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Staßfurt
View of the town
View of the town
Coat of arms of Staßfurt
Coat of arms
Staßfurt   is located in Germany
Staßfurt
Staßfurt
Coordinates: 51°52′N 11°34′E / 51.867°N 11.567°E / 51.867; 11.567Coordinates: 51°52′N 11°34′E / 51.867°N 11.567°E / 51.867; 11.567
Country Germany
State Saxony-Anhalt
District Salzlandkreis
Subdivisions 5
Government
 • Mayor René Zok (Ind.)
Area
 • Total 146.53 km2 (56.58 sq mi)
Elevation 73 m (240 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 27,358
 • Density 190/km2 (480/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 39418
Dialling codes 03925
Vehicle registration SLK, ASL, BBG, SBK, SFT

Staßfurt (Stassfurt) (German pronunciation: [ˈʃtasfʊʁt]) is a town in the Salzlandkreis district, in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. It is situated on both sides of the river Bode, approximately 15 km (9.3 mi) northeast of Aschersleben, and 30 km (19 mi) south of Magdeburg. Pop. (2005) 23,538.

It was one of the chief seats of the German salt-producing industry. It is still surrounded in part by the ruins of its ancient walls, but, with the exception of the parish church of St. John (15th century), there are no buildings worthy of special notice.

Although saline springs are mentioned here as early as the 13th century, the first attempt to bore for salt was not made until 1839, while the systematic exploitation of the salt-beds, to which the town is indebted for its prosperity, dates only from 1856. The shafts reached deposits of salt at a depth of 850 ft. (190 m); but the finer and purer layers lie more than 100 ft. (31 m) below the surface. The rock-salt is excavated by blasting. Besides the rock-salt, the deposits of Stassfurt yield a considerable quantity of deliquescent salts and other saline products, which have encouraged the foundation of numerous chemical factories in the town and in the neighboring village of Leopoldshall (currently part of Staßfurt). The rock-salt works are mainly government property, while the chemical factories are in private hands. The town is also home to Staßfurt Museum shed, which houses many preserved steam locomotives.

Stassfurt Potash deposit[edit]

The Stassfurt potash deposit, a part of the same evaporite sequence that hosts the salt mines, is notable historically as the site of the earliest large-scale mining of potash for fertilizer, beginning in 1861.[2]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden 31.12.2012". Statistisches Landesamt Sachsen-Anhalt (in German). January 2014. 
  2. ^ Vaclav Smil, 2006, Transforming the Twentieth Century: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences, [1], Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-516875-4

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.