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State-sponsored capitalism or the East Asian model is an economic system where the government invests money into certain sectors of the economy in order to stimulate the growth of new (or specific) industries in the private sector. It generally refers to the model of development pursued in East Asian economies like Singapore, Japan, Taiwan and South Korea. In recent decades, it has also been used to classify the contemporary economic system in the People's Republic of China.
Key aspects of the East Asian model include state control of finance, direct support for state-owned enterprises in "strategic sectors" of the economy, high dependence on the export market for growth, and a high rate of savings. It is similar to dirigisme.
This economic system differs from a centrally-planned economy, where the state would mobilize its own resources to create the needed industries which would themselves end up being state-owned and operated.
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- State capitalism
- Developmental state
- Economic interventionism
- Four Asian Tigers
- Singapore model
- Chinese model
- An East Asian Model of Economic Development: Japan, Taiwan and South Korea, by Paul W. Kuznets. April 1988. Economic Development and Cultural Change, Vol. 36, No. 3, April 1988.
- Does China follow the 'East Asian Development Model'?, by Seung-Wook Baek. 2005. Journal of Contemporary Asia, Vol. 35, No. 4, 2005.