1951 elections in India

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Presidential election[edit]

The Election Commission of India held the first presidential elections of India on May 2, 1952. Dr. Rajendra Prasad won his first election with 507,400 votes over his nearest rival K.T. Shah who got 92,827 votes.

General election[edit]

General elections to the first Lok Sabha since independence were held in India between 25 October 1951 and 21 February 1952. The Indian National Congress (INC) stormed into power, winning 364 of the 489 seats. Jawaharlal Nehru became the first democratically elected Prime Minister of the country.[1]

Legislative Assembly elections[edit]

Ajmer[edit]

Political Party Seats
Contested
Seats
Won
Votes Votes % [2]
Indian National Congress 30 20 104411 44.47
Bharatiya Jana Sangh 15 3 28057 11.95
Pursharathi Panchayat 6 3 15781 6.72
Communist Party of India 2 0 3494 1.49
Socialist Party 2 0 1055 0.45
Independent 79 4 81990 34.92
Total 134 30 234788

Assam[edit]

Political Party Seats
Contested
Seats
Won
Votes Votes % [3]
Indian National Congress 92 76 1064850 43.48
Socialist Party 61 4 325690 13.30
Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party 40 1 146792 5.99
Communist Party of India 18 1 69431 2.84
Garo National Council 4 3 14577 0.60
Khasi-Jaintia Durbar 4 1 24248 0.99
Forward Bloc (Ruikar) 4 0 4953 0.20
All People's Party (Assam) 3 1 14930 0.61
Mizo Union 3 3 29104 1.19
United Mizo Freedom Organization 3 0 9070 0.37
Bharatiya Jana Sangh 3 0 7191 0.29
Tribal Sangha 2 0 15846 0.65
Bolshevik Party of India 2 0 4674 0.19
Khasi Jaintia National Federation State Conference 1 1 9441 0.39
SCTS 1 0 6396 0.26
Khasi-Jaintia Rural Organization 1 0 4719 0.19
Tribal League 1 0 2350 0.10
Revolutionary Socialist Party 1 0 506 0.02
Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha 1 0 214 0.01
Independent 213 14 693908 28.34
Total 458 105 2448890

Bhopal[edit]

Political Party Seats
Contested
Seats
Won
Votes Votes % [4]
Indian National Congress 28 25 117656 52.01
Kisan Mazdoor Mandal 11 0 12255 5.42
Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha 9 1 31684 14.01
Bharatiya Jana Sangh 9 0 11135 4.92
Socialist Party 2 0 1744 0.77
Independent 32 4 51736 22.87
Total 91 30 226210

Bihar[edit]

Political Party Seats
Contested
Seats
Won
Votes Votes % [5]
Indian National Congress 322 239 3951145 41.38
Socialist Party 266 23 1729750 18.11
Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party 98 1 268416 2.81
Jharkhand Party 53 32 765272 8.01
Bharatiya Jana Sangh 47 0 112874 1.18
Chota Nagpur & Santhal Parganas Janta Party 38 11 301691 3.16
Forward Bloc (Marxist Group) 34 1 107386 1.12
Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad 29 1 60360 0.63
Communist Party of India 24 0 108671 1.14
All India United Kisan Sabha 20 0 78695 0.82
Lok Sewak Sangh 12 7 148921 1.56
Revolutionary Socialist Party 5 0 6737 0.07
Scheduled Caste Federation 2 0 4971 0.05
Forward Bloc (Ruikar) 1 0 513 0.01
Independent 638 14 1877236 19.66
Total 1374 238 7443903

Bombay[edit]

Political Party Seats
Contested
Seats
Won
Votes Votes % [6]
Indian National Congress 313 269 55,56,334 49.95
Socialist Party 182 9 13,30,246 11.96
Peasants and Workers Party of India 87 14 7,17,963 6.45
Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party 67 0 5,59,492 5.03
Scheduled Caste Federation 37 1 3,44,718 3.10
Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad 37 0 1,24,466 1.12
Kamgar Kisan Paksha 33 2 2,48,130 2.23
Communist Party of India 25 1 1,59,994 1.44
Krishikar Lok Party 16 1 1,07,408 0.97
Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha 9 0 35,194 0.32
Forward Bloc (Marxist Group) 8 0 16,847 0.15
Bharatiya Jana Sangh 2 0 4,876 0.04
Independent 427 18 19,17,574 17.24
Total 1243 315 1,11,23,242

Coorg[edit]

Delhi[edit]

e • d Summary of results of the Delhi Legislative Assembly election, 1951 [7]
Political Party Flag Seats
Contested
Won  % of
Seats
Votes Vote % Change in
vote %
Indian National Congress Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg 47 39 81.25 271,812 52.09 -
Bharatiya Jana Sangh 31 5 10.41 114,207 21.89 -
Socialist Party 6 2 4.17 12,396 2.38 -
Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha 5 1 2.08 6,891 1.32 -
Independents 78 1 2.08 82,972 15.90 -
Total 48 Voters 744668 Turnout 5,21,766 (58.52 %)

Himachal Pradesh[edit]

Political Party Seats
Contested
Seats
Won
Votes Votes %[8]
Indian National Congress 35 24 84819 47.25
Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party 22 3 26371 14.69
Bharatiya Jana Sangh 10 0 6009 3.35
Scheduled Caste Federation 9 1 10352 5.77
Socialist Party 5 0 2664 1.48
Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha 3 0 1554 0.87
Independent 36 8 47746 26.60

Hyderabad[edit]

Political Party Seats
Contested
Seats
Won
Votes Votes % [9]
Indian National Congress 173 93 2177716 41.86
Socialist Party 97 11 590209 11.35
Peoples Democratic Front 77 42 1080092 20.76
Scheduled Caste Federation 24 5 266482 5.12
Peasants and Workers Party of India 21 10 215992 4.15
Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad 7 0 12489 0.24
All India Republican Party 6 0 20826 0.40
Hyderabad State Praja Party 6 0 19452 0.37
Hyderabad State Depressed Classed Association 6 0 18151 0.35
United Scheduled Castes Federation 4 0 31136 0.60
Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha 3 0 3176 0.06
Bharatiya Jana Sangh 2 0 2328 0.04
Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party 1 0 4047 0.08
Independent League 1 0 1800 0.03
Independent 136 14 758318 14.58
Total 564 175 5202214

Madhya Bharat[edit]

Madhya Pradesh[edit]

Madras[edit]

Political Party Seats
Contested
Seats
Won
Votes Votes % [10]
Indian National Congress 367 152 6988701 34.88
Socialist Party 163 13 1299282 6.48
Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party 148 35 1803377 9.00
Communist Party of India 131 62 2640337 13.18
Krishikar Lok Party 63 15 629893 3.14
Scheduled Caste Federation 37 2 339680 1.70
Tamil Nadu Toilers Party 34 19 852330 4.25
Commonweal Party 13 6 218288 1.09
Madras State Muslim League Party 13 5 186546 0.93
Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha 10 0 25489 0.13
Justice Party 9 1 82231 0.41
Forward Bloc (Marxist Group) 6 3 138203 0.69
All India Republican Party 6 0 48233 0.24
Forward Bloc (Ruikar) 5 0 15433 0.08
Bharatiya Jana Sangh 2 0 8216 0.04
Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad 2 0 1773 0.01
Union 1 0 1643 0.01
Independent 667 62 4758768 23.75
Total 1667 375 20038423

Mysore[edit]

Odisha[edit]

Political Party Seats
Contested
Seats
Won
Votes Votes % [11]
Indian National Congress 135 67 1392501 37.87
Socialist Party 79 10 432731 11.77
All India Gantantra Parishad 58 31 753685 20.50
Communist Party of India 33 7 206757 5.62
Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party 7 0 16948 0.46
Forward Bloc (Marxist Group) 2 1 12874 0.35
Peoples Independent Party 1 0 11895 0.32
Forward Bloc (Ruikar) 1 0 2779 0.08
Pursharathi Panchayat 1 0 1841 0.05
Radical Democrat Party 1 0 1589 0.04
Independent 204 24 843446 22.94
Total 522 140 3677046

Patiala & East Punjab States Union[edit]

Political Party Seats
Contested
Seats
Won
Votes Votes % [12]
Indian National Congress 51 26 388185 28.66
Akali Party 41 19 317502 23.44
Bharatiya Jana Sangh 23 2 43809 3.23
Socialist Party 16 0 17480 1.29
Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party 15 1 20179 1.49
Communist Party of India 14 2 64652 4.77
Forward Bloc (Marxist Group) 11 0 17836 1.32
Lal Communist Party Hind Union 5 1 21539 1.59
Scheduled Caste Federation 7 1 47216 3.49
Krishikar Lok Party 2 0 15103 1.12
Revolutionary Socialist Party 1 0 4019 0.3
Independent 188 8 396956 29.31
Total 374 60 1354476

Punjab[edit]

Rajasthan[edit]

Sourashtra[edit]

Travancore-Cochin[edit]

Political Party Seats
Contested
Seats
Won
Votes Votes % [13]
Indian National Congress 105 44 1204364 35.44
Socialist Party 70 11 485194 14.28
Travancore Tamil Nadu Congress 13 8 201118 5.92
Revolutionary Socialist Party 11 6 118333 3.48
Cochin Party 12 1 59535 1.75
Tamil Nadu Toilers Party 10 0 47054 1.38
Kerala Socialist Party 10 1 73981 2.18
Travancore Cochin Republican Praja Party 7 0 53034 1.56
Tamil Nadu People Front 2 0 4025 0.12
Independent 199 37 1151555 33.89
Total 441 108 3398193

Uttar Pradesh[edit]

Vindhya Pradesh[edit]

West Bengal[edit]

Political Party Seats
Contested
Seats
Won
Votes Votes % [14]
Indian National Congress 236 150 2889994 38.82
Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party 129 15 667446 8.97
Communist Party of India 86 28 800951 10.76
Bharatiya Jana Sangh 85 9 415458 5.58
Socialist Party 63 0 215382 2.89
Forward Bloc (Marxist Group) 48 11 393591 5.29
Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha 33 4 176762 2.37
Forward Bloc (Ruikar) 32 2 107905 1.45
Revolutionary Socialist Party 16 0 63173 0.85
Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad 14 0 7100 0.10
Bolshevik Party of India 8 0 20117 0.27
Independent 614 19 1653165 22.21
Total 1374 238 7443903

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D, Grotz, F & Hartmann, C (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p572 ISBN 0-19-924958-X
  2. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of Ajmer" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2014-03-07. 
  3. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of Assam" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2014-03-11. 
  4. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 To the Legislative Assembly of Bhopal". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2014-03-11. 
  5. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of Bihar" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2014-03-11. 
  6. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of Bombay" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved May 10, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of Delhi" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2014-03-11. 
  8. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of Himachal Pradesh" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2014-03-11. 
  9. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of Hyderabad" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2014-03-11. 
  10. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of Madras" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2014-03-07. 
  11. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of Orissa" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2014-03-07. 
  12. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of Patiala & East Punjab States Union" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved April 3, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of Travancore-Cochin" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved April 3, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of West Bengal" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2014-03-07.