State Border Guard Service of Ukraine

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State Border Guard Service of Ukraine
Державна прикордонна служба України
(DPSU) / (ДПСУ)
State Border Guard Service of Ukraine.svg
Service insignia
Flag of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine.svg
Flag
Agency overview
Formed July 31, 2003
Preceding Agency State Border State Committee
Jurisdiction Ukraine
Headquarters 30 vulytsia Volodymyrska, Kiev
Agency executive Viktor Nazarenko[1], Head of DPSU
Child agency Ukrainian Sea Guard
Website http://dpsu.gov.ua/

State Border Guard Service of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Державна Прикордонна Служба України, Derzhavna Prykordonna Sluzhba Ukrayiny; abbr. ДПСУ, DPSU) is the border guard of Ukraine. It is an independent law enforcement agency of special assignment, the head of which is subordinated to the President of Ukraine.

The Service was created on July 31, 2003 after the reorganization of the State Committee in Affairs for Protection the State Border. All the activities of the agency as well as the Sea Guard are regulated by the State Committee in Affairs for Protection of the State Border (shortly DerzhKordon).[clarification needed] During wartime, units of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine fall under the command of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.

The State Border Guard Service of Ukraine includes the Ukrainian Sea Guard (the country's coast guard). It is also responsible for running "Temporary Detention Centres", in which refugees are held.


Structure[edit]

The current head of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine is Lieutenant-General Viktor Oleksandrovych Nazarenko. There are two first deputies: Major-General Vasyl Servatyuk, responsible for Border Security, and Major-General Oleh Blyashenko, responsible for personnel/staffing.[2]

Commanders of Border Troops[edit]

Units[edit]

A Ukrainian border guard post on the Ukrainian-Polish border
A Ukrainian border control exit stamp from Kiev's Boryspil Airport
Typical border marker of Ukraine
Main Administrations
  • West Region (Lviv)
    • Lviv border detachment
    • Mostyska border detachment
    • Mukacheve border detachment
    • Chop border detachment
    • Chernivtsi border detachment
    • Clinic-hospital (Lviv)
    • Canine Training Center (Velyki mosty)
  • North Region (Zhytomyr)
    • Chernihiv border detachment
    • Zhytomyr border detachment
    • Lutsk border detachment
  • East Region (Kharkiv)
    • Luhansk border detachment
    • Donetsk border detachment
    • Kharkiv border detachment
    • Sumy border detachment
    • Kharkiv separate aviation squadron
    • Mariupol Sea Guard detachment (created after the Russian aggression in 2014)
  • South Region (Odessa)
    • Odessa border detachment
    • Kotovsk border detachment
    • Mohyliv-Podilsky border detachment
    • Bilhorod-Dnistrovsky border detachment
    • Izmail border detachment
    • Odessa Sea Guard detachment
    • Odessa separate aviation squadron
    • Izmail training detachment of Sea Guard
    • Clinic-hospital (Odessa)
  • Azov-Black Sea Region (Simferopol), reorganized due to the Russian aggression
    • Simferopol border detachment (moved to Kherson)
    • Berdiansk border detachment
    • Kerch Sea Guard detachment (moved to Mariupol)
    • Yalta Sea Guard detachment (disbanded)
    • Sevastopol Sea Guard detachment (moved to Odessa)
  • Separate controlled border checkpoint "Kyiv" (OKPP Kyiv)
  • 10th Mobile border detachment

Supporting institutions[edit]

  • Separate Guard and Support Commendatory
  • Main center of Communication, Automatization, and Information Protection
  • Information Agency
  • Main center of supporting development programs
  • Main expert criminology center
  • State Archives
  • Training center
  • Science research institute
  • Khmelnytskyi National Academy
  • Central museum
  • Central hospital
  • Clinical sanatoriums: Prykordonyk, Arkadia
  • Children health center Pryberezhny
  • Center of health and recreation Pishchane
  • Academic ensemble of song and dance
  • Sports Committee

Temporary Detention Centres[edit]

History[edit]

Ukrainian border guards are the national successors of the Soviet Border Troops. They were formed from the approximately 17,000 Border Troops located in Ukraine. In 1991, the organisation was first titled the "Ukrainian Border Troops", which was later subordinated to the "Ukraine's State Committee for State Border Guarding".

From 1991 to at least 1993, the new borders with Russia and Belarus were not guarded; the Border Troops were only deployed along the western borders (minus Moldova) and on the Black Sea.[4] Another 9,000 personnel were added to the Border Troops at the expense of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, and, by the end of 1993, border posts were established in the north along the Russian and Belarusian borders. In 1999, the authorised strength of the force was again increased to 50,000.

In 2003, new legislation was adopted, and this somewhat changed the legal status of the institution. In March 2003, the Border Troops became the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine, and its status was legally changed from 'military formation' to 'special law-enforcement body.' The force was legally granted 50,000 personnel, including 8,000 civilian employees.

On 4 July 2012, a State Border Guard Service Diamond DA42 aircraft failed to make its scheduled radio contact with ground units. A Search and rescue mission revealed that the plane had crashed into a wooded mountainous area in Velykyi Bereznyi Raion, killing all 3 crew members on board. A further investigation was launched.[5]

During The War in Donbass on August 31st 2014 two Sea Guard Zhuk class patrol boats where struck by land based artillery.

Military ranks[edit]

As a non-member state, NATO rank codes are not used in Ukraine, they are presented here for reference purposes only

NATO Code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student Officer
 Ukraine UA-ARMY-GEN.jpg UA-COL-GEN.jpg UA-LT-GEN.jpg UA-MAJ-GEN.jpg No equivalent UA-COL-GSB.jpg UA-LTCOL-GSB.jpg UA-MAJ-GSB.jpg
UA-CPT-GSB.jpg UA-SLT-GSB.jpg
UA-LT-GSB.jpg UA-JLT-GSB.jpg No equivalent UA-Cadet Officer.jpg
General
(In times of war only)
Colonel-General Lieutenant-General Major-General Colonel Lieutenant-Colonel Major
Captain Senior Lieutenant
Lieutenant Junior Lieutenant Cadet Officer
NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
 Ukraine UA-CWO-GSB.jpg UA-WOF-GSB.jpg UA-MSGT-GSB.jpg UA-SSGT-GSB.jpg UA-SGT-GSB.jpg UA-JSGT-GSB.jpg UA-PFC-GSB.jpg No equivalent UA-PVT-GSB.jpg
Senior Praporshchik Praporshchik Starshina SeniorSergeant Sergeant Junior Sergeant Senior Private Private

Uniform[edit]

Long Service Medal[edit]

Equipment[edit]

Model Image Origin Variant Number Details
MRAP
SRM-1 Cossac armoured car.jpg Kozak  Ukraine
 United States
Kozak-2
SMR-1
0 (+10)[6]
3
Ukraine is unable to produce the V-shape hall required so it will purchase them from an American contractor.
Assistant Secretary of State Victoria Nuland at a Ukrainian State Border Guard Service (SBGS) Base in Kyiv, Oct. 8, 2014 09.jpg KRAZ Cougar  Canada
 Ukraine
+6 Built under license at the KrAZ factory in Kremenchuk.
Vehicles
Assistant Secretary of State Victoria Nuland at a Ukrainian State Border Guard Service (SBGS) Base in Kyiv, Oct. 8, 2014 13.jpg KrAZ-6322 «Солдат»  Ukraine truck 50
КрAз 255 6x6 pic8.JPG KrAZ-255Б  USSR truck
45th Separate Engineer-Camouflage Regiment - transport truck (2).jpg КАMAZ 43114  Russia truck
Ural 4320 of the Hungarian Army.JPG Урал-4320  USSR truck
ZiL-131 of the Ukrainian Army.JPG ZIL-131  USSR truck
Green ZiL-130 on Grunwaldzkie roundabout in Kraków (1).jpg ZIL-130  USSR truck
Ukranian ambulance in Iraq.JPEG GAZ-66  USSR truck
Машина ГАЗ компании ИДК donor.tiras.biz.jpg GAZ-3307  Russia truck
MAZ 5337.JPG MAZ-5337  USSR truck
MAZ-5549 (4713414911).jpg MAZ-5335  USSR truck
UAZ offroad vehicle in Ukraine.jpg UAZ-3151  Russia Off-road vehicle 100
UAZ Patriot.jpg UAZ-3163  Russia Off-road vehicle [7]
Tomb Raider 90.JPG Land Rover Defender  UK Off-road vehicle 55[8][9]
Niva2123RCN1.jpg Chevrolet Niva  Russia Off-road vehicle 100
Toyota HiLux Vs Volkswagen Amarok Comparison Test (7066212221).jpg Volkswagen Amarok  Germany Off-road vehicle 20[10]
2007-2011 Toyota Land Cruiser (UZJ200R) Sahara wagon (2011-11-18) 01.jpg Toyota Land Cruiser 200  Japan Off-road vehicle 20[11]
Dacia Duster Ambiance 1.6 16V 4x2 Artiksweiß.JPG Dacia Duster  France/ Romania Off-road vehicle 10[12]
Бронированные УАЗы.jpg UAZ-3303  Russia Off-road vehicle [13]
UAZ-452 Medical (EMS) 2006 G1.jpg UAZ-3962  Russia
Gaz-322132 TAXI.jpg GAZ-3221  Russia bus
VW Transporter front 20080126.jpg Volkswagen Transporter  Germany bus 10[14][12]
VW Crafter 2.0 TDI Facelift.JPG Volkswagen Crafter  Germany bus 31
2006-2011 Ford Transit (VM) 140 T330 van (2011-11-18) 01.jpg Ford Transit  USA bus 10[15]
Peugeot Boxer 100 HDi Tole 2010 (14362200005).jpg Peugeot Boxer  France bus
Mercedes-Benz V 220 CDI Trend (W 638) – Frontansicht, 12. August 2013, Velbert.jpg Mercedes-Benz Vito  Germany [[]]
Богдан-А092 проспект Шевченка.jpg Богдан А092  Ukraine bus
13-08-06-abu-dhabi-by-RalfR-032.jpg Toyota Coaster  Japan bus
LAZ-695N in Lviv 02.jpg ЛАЗ-695  USSR bus [16][17]
Other vehicles
Straubing 001 (237).JPG Bombardier Outlander 400 MAX  Canada 100[18]
Polaris 700XC.jpeg Polaris 600 IQ Touring  Canada 50[19]
Мотоцикл Минск во Владивостоке ф1.JPG Minsk (motorcycle)  Belarus 183
Aircraft
OH-DAC Tour de Sky Oulu 20140810 02.JPG Diamond DA42  Austria M-NG 2
Антонов Ан-24 37309109, Измаил RP23129.jpg Antonov An-24  Ukraine 1
Antonov An-26 blue 14-02.jpg Antonov An-26  Ukraine 1
Mil Mi-8MT, Ministry of Emergency Situations of Ukraine AN2126427.jpg Mil Mi-8  Soviet Union 5

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c President appoints Nazarenko as new border chief, Interfax-Ukraine (23 October 2014)
  2. ^ [1][dead link]
  3. ^ Council of Europe Anti-Torture Committee visits Ukraine accessed 21-08-07
  4. ^ Leonid Polyakov, 'Paramilitary Structures in Ukraine,' Almanac on Security Sector Governance in Ukraine 2010, 143-144, Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces.
  5. ^ Фотографии с места катастрофы самолета Diamond DA-42 в Закарпатье
  6. ^ http://defence-blog.com/?p=4032
  7. ^ Cпеціальні навчання мобільних підрозділів
  8. ^ Державна прикордонна служба України отримала сучасну автомобільну техніку та обладнання майже на 135 мільйонів гривень
  9. ^ МИНОБОРОНЫ, СБУ, МВД И ГОСПОГРАНСЛУЖБА УКРАИНЫ ПОЛУЧИЛИ ОТ ГОСУДАРСТВА НОВЫЕ АВТОМОБИЛИ СКОРОЙ МЕДИЦИНСКОЙ ПОМОЩИ
  10. ^ «ЗакарпатевроТранс II» переоборудовал авто на спецзаказ от Госпогранслужбы
  11. ^ Пограничникам подарили бронированные Volkswagen и Toyota
  12. ^ a b Львівські прикордонники отримали сучасну техніку від ЄС (фоторепортаж)
  13. ^ Прикордонники їдуть на східний кордон
  14. ^ Украинские пограничники пересядут на новые busы Volkswagen
  15. ^ Автомобили Ford Transit - на защите границ Украины
  16. ^ bus ЛАЗ-695Н "ДПСУ" возле Южного вокзала
  17. ^ Закарпатці повернулися із пекла війни (ФОТО)
  18. ^ В Государственной пограничной службе Украины подвели годовые итоги и определили основные направления деятельности в 2013 году
  19. ^ Харьковские пограничники отметили 20-летие Восточного управления погранслужбы

External links[edit]