State Fair of Texas

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State Fair of Texas
State fair of texas from skyway 2009-09-30.jpg
The State Fair of Texas
Genre State fair
Dates Begins last Friday of September and last 24 days
September 25-October 18, 2015
Location(s) Dallas, Texas
Years active 1886-present
Attendance 2,618,500* (2010 *MCW )
Website
Official website

The State Fair of Texas is an annual state fair held in Dallas, Texas at historic Fair Park. The fair has taken place every year since 1886 except for varying periods during World War I and World War II.[1] It usually begins the last Friday in September and ends 24 days later.

Attractions[edit]

Big Tex, mascot of the fair since 1952

Traditionally, the centerpiece of the fair has been the annual college football game between Oklahoma and Texas, nicknamed the Red River Rivalry (historically known as the "Texas-OU Game") and played in the Cotton Bowl at Fair Park. Also, the State Fair Classic, featuring Grambling State University and Prairie View A&M University, is played at the Cotton Bowl during the fair. In 2010, Baylor and Texas Tech played their game during the fair for the first time. During the opening weekend of the 2013 fair, Army and Louisiana Tech played in the inaugural Heart of Dallas Kickoff Classic at the Cotton Bowl.

The State Fair of Texas is the only fair in the country to include a full blown auto show, dating back to 1904.[2] It includes over 300,000 square feet (28,000 m2) of new model vehicles, two buildings, a Truck Zone and a Test Drive Track.

The State Fair used to feature "Birds of the World" where several birds flew overhead. It was removed from the Fair lineup in 2014. The Texas Skyway is a gondola ride which only operates 24 days a year transports visitors around the fairgrounds. Its construction cost 5 million dollars. There is also a BMX bike show as well as dog and pig races. For children, puppet shows, Children's Medical Center Barnyard, and Story Time also take place inside the fair.[3]

In recent years the fair has emphasized its reputation as an event featuring unique, albeit high-fat foods. It has been known for years for Fletcher's brand corny dogs. Recent years have seen the introduction of new unusual deep-fried items, including deep-fried Oreos, deep-fried Twinkies, deep-fried s'mores, deep-fried pork ribs, fried cheesecake; deep-fried butter, deep-fried peanut butter, jelly, and banana sandwiches, and most recently a batter-based fried Coke. New foods in 2008 included chicken fried bacon and fried banana splits. For the 2012 fair, the Girl Scouts of Northeast Texas added the deep-fried Samoa cookie.[4]

History[edit]

The State Fair of Texas was originally charted as a private corporation by local businessmen. It was an immediate success and attracted thousands of people. However, in 1904 a series of events led to a financial crisis and not enough income was available to keep the fair running. Therefore, the businessmen sold it to the city of Dallas with the agreement that 24 days during the fall would be set aside annually for the fair and exhibition.[5]

Big Tex, a 55-foot (17 m) tall cowboy, has been its symbol since his introduction in 1952. In 1953, Big Tex's jaw was hinged, so that he appears to "speak" the announcements that promote fair events.[6] After a fire on October 19, 2012 destroyed the original Big Tex, he was rebuilt and reintroduced for the 2013 fair.

Its 212-foot (65 m) Texas Star Ferris wheel has been the largest in North America since it debuted in October 1985, just months before the Texas Sesquicentennial.[2][7]

DART's Fair Park Station and MLK Jr. Station opened in 2009 to serve Fair Park and the State Fair. In addition to regular service on the Green Line, the Red Line and Blue Line also run "special event" trains to Fair Park Station for major fair events.[8]

Controversies

The State Fair came under fire in October 2014 for spending over $5,000,000 on attorneys fees to two insiders.[9]

Despite a $30,000,000 investment in Summer Adventures, the event was shuttered after just one season.[10]

Timeline
  • The State Fair of Texas opened its gates for the first time on October 26, 1886. Approximately 14,000 people attend the opening day.
  • On November 7, 1886, the fair closes and attracted over 100,000 people for the very first year.
  • The State Fair of Texas has a history of racial discrimination dating back to the 1880s. The first designated day for African-Americans to attend the fair was held in 1889 and was called “Colored People’s Day.” Educator Norman Washington Harllee organized exhibits and planned events and speakers including Booker T. Washington in 1900. In 1910, “Colored People’s Day” was discontinued and reappeared in 1936 as “Negro Achievement Day” set to coincide with the Texas Centennial Exposition. Contrary to the fact that African-Americans weren’t allowed to participate in entertainment or eat at restaurants and concession stands on other days during the run, fair officials touted “Negro Achievement Day” as a way to recognize the accomplishments and progress of the Negro race in Texas and the United States. The Hall of Negro Life was the only building demolished after the Texas Centennial ended.[11]
  • In 1913, the fair introduces the first Automobile building which was filled with 175 vehicles for fairgoers to see.
  • The fair was canceled in 1918 due to the US Army taking control of Fair Park to establish an aviation boot camp known as Camp Dick.
  • In 1921, Boston College beats Baylor at the first game ever played between teams from the southwest and northeast.
  • In 1921, Texas and Vanderbilt start a series which is played here every year from 1921 to 1928 with the exception of 1924.
  • In 1923, "the fair hosted Ku Klux Klan day. Thousands of new klan members were sworn in at the fairgrounds. More than 150,000 people were at the fair that day.[12]
  • In 1925, the first State Fair Classic is played.
  • In 1929, TX-OU play their Red River Rivalry here for the first time.
  • In 1930, construction of a new Fair Park Stadium (now known as the Cotton Bowl) begins.
  • In 1932, TX-OU play their Red River Rivalry for the first time at the new Fair Park Stadium.
  • In 1937, the first Cotton Bowl Classic is played in Fair Park.
  • Big Tex makes his first appearance in 1952.
  • In 1956 the Trailblazer monorail began operation at Fair Park from 1956 to 1964. It was the first commercially operated monorail system in the United States
  • Elvis Presley performs in the Cotton Bowl during the fair in 1956.
  • In 1960, The Dallas Texans (AFL) and the Dallas Cowboys(NFL) play their first season in the Cotton Bowl.
  • In 1964 the monorail closed and was replaced by the Swiss Sky Ride, a 64 car aerial ride that traveled over a 3,800 foot path (the longest ever built).
  • In 1979, a tragic Sky Ride accident occurred during the last day of the fair, prompting the removal of the attraction.
  • In 1983, an eighteen-year-old boy was killed and several bystanders were injured when a gondola fell off the Enterprise (ride).
  • In 1985 the Texas Star opens as the largest ferris wheel in North America.
  • In 1989, The Comet Roller Coaster, a Fair Park landmark since 1947, is torn down.
  • Following the 2001 September 11 attacks, Dallas police and State Fair officials announce the implementation of new security measures during the annual event.
  • In 2005, the Fried Peanut Butter, Jelly and Banana Sandwich is introduced to the fair.
The Texas Star ferris wheel ride
  • In 2007 the Texas Skyway aerial ride opens in Fair Park.
  • In 2010, the 8000 ft Greenhouse on the Midway is built to house 1000 hanging baskets, beehives, and Farmer Mike the Pumpkin Carver.
  • Fairgoers spent more than $37 million in 2010 which broke the fair's record.
  • On November 14, 2011 – State Fair of Texas filed its 2010 IRS Form 990 Tax Return.[13]
  • On October 19, 2012, Big Tex caught on fire, burning it down to the skeletal frame, with only the right arm remaining.
  • On November 15, 2012 – State Fair of Texas filed its 2011 IRS Form 990 Tax Return.[14]
  • In 2013:
    • The State Fair opened a brand new attraction - a 500-foot observation tower called "Top o' Texas Tower" - as part of a renovation of part of the Midway called "Summer Adventures at Fair Park."[15] The "Tower" now operates only 24 days a year, despite a construction cost of over $11,000,000.
    • The State Fair also operated Summer Adventures in Fair Park, a beach-themed amusement park from May to August 2013.[16]
    • Despite a $30,000,000 investment in Summer Adventures, the event was shuttered after just one season.[17]
    • Jim Schutze of the Dallas Observer wrote, "The sudden collapse of a $30 million venture has to be some kind of red flag, some indication that it's time to re-examine the whole thing."[18]
    • A new Big Tex statue was unveiled the day before the fair opened.[19]
  • On November 12, 2013 – State Fair of Texas filed its 2012 IRS Form 990 Tax Return.[20]
  • In 2014:
    • In September 2014, a blue ribbon task force appointed by Mayor Mike Rawlings submitted a report on the rejuvenation of Fair Park.[21] The Mayor's Task Force plan envisions a public-private partnership led by a non profit organization to be charged with over arching powers to control the revitalization of Fair Park, including the State Fair of Texas.[22] Architect/City planner Antonio Di Mambro, with international experience in infrastructure planning and neighborhood revitalization, encouraged the Mayor to use the Task Force report as a building block for constructive dialogue with residents, stakeholders and the neighborhoods around Fair Park.[23] Following the presentation of the Task Force Plan, Mayor Mike Rawlings said, "I felt passion by all the council and park board members that they want Fair Park to be all it can be and they're interested in taking this big challenge on".[24]
    • October - State Fair comes under fire for spending over $5,000,000 on attorneys fees to two insiders.[25]
    • November 7, 2014 -State Fair of Texas filed its 2013 IRS Form 990 Tax Return, indicating a loss of over $2,000,000 for the reporting period.[26]
  • In 2015:
    • In March 2015, the State Fair pushed back on any notion of tightening up the footprint of its current operation. Dallas Morning News reporter Robert Wilonsky called the State Fair’s response “rather dramatic” The article also quoted Stephen Page of the closed Texas Museum of Automotive History from 2012 as saying, “The City’s requirement that tenants vacate the majority of the buildings in Fair Park during the State Fair is the principal reason for Fair Park’s ongoing decline.” Wilonsky also quoted a ‘prominent member of the Mayor’s Task Force’ as suggesting privately “that the State Fair’s presence at Fair Park also needs to be greatly reduced.”[27]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.bigtex.com/sft/AboutUs/StateFair.asp
  2. ^ a b "What makes us unique," BigTex.com. Retrieved 2008-09-24.
  3. ^ "Official website of The State Fair of Texas". 
  4. ^ Tepper, Rachel (July 11, 2012). "Deep-Fried Samoa Girl Scout Cookies Hit The State Fair Circuit". Huffington Post. 
  5. ^ Nancy Wiley, "STATE FAIR OF TEXAS," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/lks02), accessed August 16, 2012. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
  6. ^ Steven Butler. Fair Park Timeline, part 4: The Post-Exposition Years (1938-1984)
  7. ^ Norman Anderson. Ferris wheels: an illustrated history, Popular Press, 1992, page 138-40.
  8. ^ http://www.dallasnews.com/sharedcontent/dws/dn/latestnews/stories/092309dnmetfairsafety.1a61a692d.html
  9. ^ http://dfw.cbslocal.com/2014/10/01/state-fair-of-texas-pays-above-average-legal-bills/
  10. ^ http://www.dallasnews.com/news/community-news/white-rock-east-dallas/headlines/20140218-there-wont-be-summer-adventures-in-fair-park-this-year.ece
  11. ^ https://dallaslibrary2.org/mbutts/assets/lessons/L12-civil+rights/Marion%20Butts%20-%20State%20Fair%28PPT%29.pdf
  12. ^ http://www.dallasnews.com/entertainment/state-fair-of-texas/headlines/20111007-fair-flashback-during-the-state-fairs-early-years-many-racial-barriers.ece
  13. ^ https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/qwertypoiuy/Dec/Texas_2010_990+Form.pdf
  14. ^ https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/qwertypoiuy/Dec/Texas_2011_990+Form.pdf
  15. ^ http://dallas.culturemap.com/news/entertainment/07-02-13-top-o-texas-tower-ride-fair-park-state-fair/
  16. ^ http://www.fairpark.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=216
  17. ^ http://www.dallasnews.com/news/community-news/white-rock-east-dallas/headlines/20140218-there-wont-be-summer-adventures-in-fair-park-this-year.ece
  18. ^ https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/qwertypoiuy/Fair+Park%27s+Summer+Amusement+Venture+Is+Dead_Dallas+Observer.pdf
  19. ^ http://www.nbcdfw.com/news/local/Big-Tex-Makes-His-Debut-One-Day-Early--225380402.html
  20. ^ https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/qwertypoiuy/Dec/Texas_2012_990+Form.pdf
  21. ^ http://www.dallasnews.com/news/metro/20140903-dallas-council-enthusiastic-about-proposal-to-privatize-fair-park.ece
  22. ^ http://fairpark.org/pdfs/mayors-task-force-report.pdf
  23. ^ http://www.dallasnews.com/opinion/latest-columns/20140909-include-edges-in-fair-park-revitalization.ece
  24. ^ http://www.nbcdfw.com/entertainment/the-scene/Dallas-Leaders-Praise-New-Fair-Park-Plan-273857481.html
  25. ^ http://dfw.cbslocal.com/2014/10/01/state-fair-of-texas-pays-above-average-legal-bills/
  26. ^ http://qwertypoiuy.s3.amazonaws.com/State%20Fair%20990_2013.pdf
  27. ^ http://www.dallasnews.com/news/metro/20150326-plan-to-reduce-state-fair-space-would-end-its-run-official-says.ece

External links[edit]