Texas State Highway Loop 1
|Length:||25.698 mi (41.357 km)|
|Existed:||1967 – present|
|South end:||SH 45|
|North end:||SH 45|
Loop 1 is a freeway which provides access to the west side of Austin in the U.S. state of Texas. It is named Mopac Expressway (or, according to some highway signs, Mopac Boulevard) after the Missouri Pacific Railroad (or "MoPac"). Local residents will invariably use the name "MoPac" rather than calling the road by its number which can cause much confusion as few signs along the road use this name.
The original section of the highway was built in the 1970s along the right-of-way of the Missouri Pacific Railroad (now owned by Union Pacific), with the railroad tracks running in the highway median between West 8th Street and Northland Drive. To the north, the tracks run along the east side of newer sections of the highway from Northland Drive to Braker Lane.
The first mention of Loop 1 came to public record in 1929. In 1944, the City of Austin Planning Commission (CMAC) proposed the highway be built in parts of under-utilized right of way owned by the MoPac railroad. The highway was eventually given the nickname "MoPac" for its proximity to the railroad. The number was originally used for Spur 1 designated by 1939 from US Highway 90 (US 90) to the Uvalde fish hatchery. This route was cancelled in 1943. In 1958, a new route was designated, also called Spur 1, from US 80A to I-10. This route became Loop 16 in 1964, which itself got cancelled in 1974 when it was transferred to rerouted US 62 and US 85.  Loop 1 was first designated in October 1967 from US 290 northward to Farm to Market Road 1325 (FM 1325). In October 1985, the designation was extended southward from US 290 to SH 45.
Expressway construction (1969 to 2006)
(Bee Cave Road)
|5.4||8.7||February 1969||November 1975||Loop 1 project started with
construction of the 45th Street
Interchange in February 1969.
|RM 2222||US 183||4.6||7.4||September 1977||June 1981||Northern terminus of Loop 1 completed,
until July 1989 - with construction of the freeway extension to FM 734.
|RM 2244||Loop 360||1.9||3.1||January 1979||March 1982||Southern terminus of Loop 1 completed,
until October 1989 - with construction of the freeway extension to US 290.
|Loop 360||US 290||1.6||2.6||October 1983||October 1989||Southern terminus of Loop 1 completed,
until November 1990 - with construction of the roadway
extension to Slaughter Lane.
|US 183||FM 1325 (Burnet Road)
and FM 734 (Parmer Lane)
|3.7||6.0||January 1986||July 1989||Northern terminus of Loop 1 completed,
until October 2006 - with construction of the SH 45 North/
Loop 1 Connector toll road.
Stack interchange at US 183 is constructed -
involved major freeway improvements between Steck Avenue and US 183,
from March 1987 to June 1992.
|US 290||Slaughter Lane||3.6||5.8||January 1988||November 1990||Southern terminus of Loop 1 completed,
until July 1991 - with construction of the roadway
extension to La Crosse Avenue.
|Slaughter Lane||La Crosse Avenue||1.0||1.6||July 1989||July 1991||Southern terminus of Loop 1 completed,
until May 1994 - with construction of the roadway
extension to State Highway 45 .
|La Crosse Avenue||SH 45||2.5||4.0||November 1989||May 1994||Southern terminus of Loop 1 completed.|
|FM 734||SH 45 North/
Loop 1 Interchange
|4.0||6.4||February 2003||October 2006||Construction on the SH 45 North Interchange
began in September 2003.
Northern terminus of Loop 1 completed.
Loop 1's southern terminus is at the beginning of the State Highway 45 stub south of Austin. It passes through the Circle C Ranch housing development and the Edwards Aquifer and intersects SH 71/US 290 (Ben White Boulevard) and Loop 360 (Capital of Texas Highway). It crosses the Colorado River near downtown Austin, then running parallel to the Balcones Fault and the Missouri-Pacific Railroad before intersects US 183 (Research Boulevard) northwest of downtown. Loop 1 travels concurrently with Farm to Market Road 1325 for several miles before the non-tolled freeway ends at Parmer Lane, spanning a distance of 22.061 miles (35.504 km).
North of Parmer Lane, Loop 1 continues as a limited-access toll road to the SH 45 North/Loop 1 interchange, spanning 3 miles (4.8 km). Frontage roads flank either side of the toll road to Shoreline Drive.
The Texas Department of Transportation completed construction of the tollway as part of the 2002 Central Texas Turnpike Project (CTTP). SH 45 North, also part of the project, provides freeway access to Interstate 35 from Loop 1. The 2002 CTTP was scheduled to be completed in September 2007. However, certain sections of the project, including Loop 1 opened early and more than $100 Million under budget.
If and when SH 45 is completed to the south of Austin, Loop 1 will effectively serve as a true loop to the west of the city, being directly connected to SH 45, and indirectly to I-35, at both ends.
Since 1994, TxDOT has proposed the addition of managed lanes to portions of Loop 1. The MoPac Improvement Project was relaunched in July 2010. In December 2010, four alternative proposals were presented to the public, each of which would add one or more lanes; the "no-build" alternative was also presented. The additions would not increase the right-of-way of the highway, but would be created by reducing the width of existing lanes and reducing and/or eliminating shoulders.
The entire route is in Austin. All exits are unnumbered.
|La Crosse Avenue|
|South end of freeway|
|Davis Lane||Southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|William Cannon Drive|
|US 290 / SH 71 / Southwest Parkway – Johnson City, Llano, Sunset Valley|
|Frontage Road||Southbound exit only|
|Loop 360 (Capital of Texas Highway)||Left hand exit|
|RM 2244 – West Lake Hills, Rollingwood|
|Cesar Chavez Street|
|5th Street, Lake Austin Boulevard|
|Westover Road, Northwood Road|
|RM 2222 (Northland Drive)|
|Far West Boulevard|
|Anderson Lane, Spicewood Springs Road||Southbound exit is via Steck Avenue exit|
|(Frontage Road)||Unsigned exit|
|US 183 (Research Boulevard)||Southbound exit to US 183 north is via Capital of Texas Highway|
|Capital of Texas Highway||To Loop 360|
|FM 1325 south (Burnet Road) / Duval Road||South end of FM 1325 overlap|
|Waters Park Road||Southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|FM 734 (Parmer Lane)|
|Scofield Ridge Parkway||Northbound exit and southbound entrance; last free exit|
|FM 1325 north / Wells Branch Parkway, Howard Lane||North end of FM 1325 overlap|
|Shoreline Drive||No southbound exit|
|Williamson||SH 45||Northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division. "Highway Designation File: State Highway Loop No. 1". Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved March 24, 2013.
- "Introduction: Mopac Improvement Project, April 2012" (PDF). Retrieved April 1, 2012.
- "The MoPac 1 Project will study feasibility of managed lanes for Loop 1, and included in the Mobility 2030 Plan that was adopted by CAMPO in June 2005". Retrieved June 1, 20051.
- "What Native American tribe was most common in the area?". Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved January 24, 2010.
- MoPac Improvement Project
- "Construction contract for Loop 1 extension awarded" (Press release). Texas Tollways. June 26, 2003.
- "Loop 1 History". Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2009-01-03.
- "Austin toll roads will open November 1" (PDF) (Press release). Central Texas Turnpike System. September 18, 2006.