State Police Services (India)

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The State Police Services (Devanāgarī: राज्य पुलिस सेवा, Rājya Polīce Sevā), simply known as State Police or SPS are police services under the control of respective state governments of the States and territories of India.

The candidates selected for the SPS are usually posted as Deputy Superintendent of Police or Assistant Commissioner of Police once their probationary period ends. On prescribed satisfactory service in the SPS, the officers are nominated to the Indian Police Service.[1]

Recruitment[edit]

The recruitment to this service is done by the respective State Governments, usually through State Public Service Commissions. The recruitment to SPS is also on the same pattern as that for IPS. The only difference is that the recruitment of SPS officers is made by the State Public Service Commission concerned through usually a combined competitive examination for State Civil Services which in the case of IPS is through the All-India Civil Services Examination conducted by Union Public Service Commission . However, in case of Union Territory, recruitment to SPS is also made by Union Public Service Commission through the Civil Services Examination as one of the Group-B Services. State police requirement in large States like Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh is greater as compared to the smaller States like Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Kerala, Sikkim and north-eastern States. After selection, which again is based upon the choice of service and merit of a candidate, selected candidates are required to undergo vigorous probationary training before getting posted as ACP or DSP.

Ranks and insignia of SPS officers[edit]

Ranks of Gazetted officers[edit]

Gazetted officers include all the Indian Police Service officers and all State Police Services officers of and above the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP) or Assistant Commissioner of Police (ACP) in State Police and Metropolitan Police forces respectively.

  • National Emblem above one Star (same insignia as a Lieutenant-Colonel in the Indian Army)
  • National Emblem (same insignia as a Major in the Indian Army)
  • Three Stars (same insignia as a Captain in the Indian Army)

Ranks of Non-Gazetted officers[edit]

  • Two stars with a red and blue ribbon at the outer edge of the shoulder straps (Same insignia as a Subedar in the Indian Army)
  • One Star with a red and blue ribbon at the outer edge of the shoulder straps (Same insignia as a Naib Subedar in the Indian Army)
  • Three chevrons points facing downwards / Navy Blue colored epaulettes with three golden stripes on the Shoulder (Same insignia as a Havildar in the Indian Army)
  • Two chevrons points facing downwards / Navy Blue colored epaulettes with two golden stripes on the Shoulder (Same insignia as a Naik in the Indian Army)
  • No rank insignia (equivalent to Sepoy in the Indian Army)

Insignia of Gazetted and Non-Gazetted officers[edit]

Indian State Police Gazetted Officer Rank Insignia
Insignia SSP State Police.png SP State Police.png Assistant Superintendent of Police.png Deupty Superintendent of Police.png
Rank Deputy Commissioner of Police or Senior Superintendent of Police Deputy Commissioner of Police or Superintendent of Police Additional Deputy Commissioner of Police or Additional Superintendent of Police Assistant Commissioner of Police or Deputy Superintendent of Police
Abbreviation DCP or SSP DCP or SP ADL.DCP or ASP ACP or DSP
  • Note: Gazetted officers belonging to Indian State Police Service(s) lie between ranks ACP/DSP and DCP/SSP.
    • To gain promotion to ADL.CP/DIG rank, officers undergo training and hence are awarded IPS.
Indian State Police Non-Gazetted Officer Rank Insignia
Insignia Police Inspector insignia.png Assistant Police Inspector.png Police Sub-Inspector.png Assistant Sub-Inspector.png Police Head Constable.pngHead Constable.png Senior Police Constable.pngPolice Naik.png No Insignia¹
Rank Inspector of Police Assistant Inspector of Police2 Sub-Inspector of Police Assistant Sub-Inspector of Police Police Head Constable3 Senior Police Constable3 Police Constable
Abbreviation INS API SI ASI HPC SPC PC
  • ¹ Police Constable has no insignia except the khaki uniform.
  • 2This rank only exists in Maharashtra and Mumbai Police Service[2][3]
  • 3Shoulder insignia for this rank is used by Maharashtra and Mumbai Police Service[2][3]
  • Note: Colour pattern and size of chevron may vary according to the different rules of several distinct Indian State Police Services.

See also[edit]

References[edit]