Virginia State Route 16

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For the former State Route 16, see State Route 16 (Virginia 1918-1940).
"VA 16" redirects here. VA 16 may also refer to Virginia's 16th congressional district.

State Route 16 marker

State Route 16
Route information
Maintained by VDOT
Length: 77.58 mi[1][2][3] (124.85 km)
Existed: 1940 – present
Major junctions
South end: NC 16 near Jefferson, NC
 

US 58 in Mouth of Wilson
I‑81 / US 11 in Marion

US 19 / US 460 in Tazewell
North end: WV 16 near Bishop, WV
Location
Counties: Grayson, Smyth, Tazewell
Highway system
US 15 US 17

State Route 16 is a primary state highway in the southwest part of the U.S. state of Virginia. It runs from the North Carolina border at North Carolina Highway 16 north to the West Virginia border at West Virginia Route 16, passing through the towns of Troutdale, Marion, and Tazewell.

Route description[edit]

Grayson County[edit]

SR 16 begins at the North Carolina state line near the community of Grassy Creek, where North Carolina Highway 16 ends. (Mayberry Road/State Route 856, the old alignment of SR 16, crosses a bit to the east, and quickly joins SR 16.) SR 16 heads in a general east-northeasterly direction alongside minor creeks until it reaches Wilson Creek. It crosses that creek and heads east (downstream) alongside it to the junction with U.S. Route 58 at Mouth of Wilson.

SR 16 and US 58 overlap northwest from Mouth of Wilson next to a minor creek and then next to Wilson Creek, this time heading upstream. At Volney, US 58 turns west, along with Wilson Creek, and SR 16 continues uphill, northward and northwestward past Grant and Troutdale, to its crossing of the Tennessee Valley Divide at Dickey Gap between Hurricane Mountain and Straight Mountain in the Iron Mountains.

Smyth County[edit]

Soon after crossing the divide, State Route 650, once the alignment of U.S. Route 58, splits off to the west, while SR 16 heads northeast and downhill to Sugar Grove. After a flat area near Sugar Grove, SR 16 again heads uphill, north and northwest across Brushy Mountain and the Appalachian Trail. It then runs northwest, following Staley Creek downhill past Attoway and Furnace Hill and through several gaps into Marion. Between Sugar Grove and Trout Dale(Grayson County) SR 16 share a routing concurrency with US Bicycle Route 76.

SR 16 enters the town of Marion on Commerce Street, meeting Interstate 81 and then State Route 217 (the Southwestern Virginia Mental Health Institute driveways). At Main Street (U.S. Route 11), SR 16 turns northeast, overlapping US 11 out of downtown to Park Boulevard. There it turns northwest to the city limits.

The road again heads uphill, passing the west shore of Hungry Mother Lake and the entrance to Hungry Mother State Park (State Route 348). SR 16 crosses Walker Mountain an a curving route, coming down into the Rich Valley and crossing the North Fork Holston River at Chatham Hill and State Route 42 soon after at Black Hill. Again SR 16 heads uphill, climbing Brushy Mountain to the county line.

Tazewell County[edit]

Another twisty descent takes SR 16 down Brushy Mountain into the Freestone Valley, but almost immediately it must rise again to cross Clinch Mountain. This time, a single hairpin turn takes it into the wide Thompson Valley, where it passes the community of Thompson Valley. A gap between Knob Mountain and Rich Mountain leads to U.S. Route 19/460 Business at Frog Level, just east of the north end of State Route 91.

SR 16 turns northeast along US 19/460 Business into Tazewell, meeting the State Route 16 Alternate (Fairground Road) shortcut along the way. The overlapped routes pass through downtown Tazewell on Main Street and Fincastle Turnpike; SR 16 then splits to the northwest on Tazewell Avenue. It crosses the U.S. Route 19/U.S. Route 460 bypass of Tazewell on its way to the west end of State Route 61 at North Tazewell, still inside the town of Tazewell. SR 16 turns west where it meets SR 61, paralleling the Clinch River to the north end of SR 16 Alternate at River Jack. There it turns north and leaves Tazewell.

SR 16 begins to rise again, passing Adria on its way to the community of Stony Ridge at the top of the Stony Ridge, crossing the Tennessee Valley Divide again there. The road then descends the ridge te the northwest, crossing into West Virginia and becoming West Virginia Route 16 near the community of Bishop.

History[edit]

One of the first two pieces of current SR 16 to be added to the state highway system was the road from Mouth of Wilson north to State Route 650 (Comers Creek Road) north of Troutdale, which was part of State Route 12 (the predecessor to U.S. Route 58) by 1923.[4] Part of this, from Mouth of Wilson to Volney, still carries US 58.

At the other end, the State Highway Commission recommended that the General Assembly add the road from Tazewell north to North Tazewell to the state highway system in late 1921, as part of a relocation of State Route 11 (now U.S. Route 19/U.S. Route 460) to serve North Tazewell rather than Tazewell.[5] The relocation was not made, but the spur and its continuation north to West Virginia was added, and was numbered State Route 117 in the 1923 renumbering.[6] (The current route of US 19/US 460 does bypass Tazewell on much the same alignment as the SHC recommended.)

By 1927, SR 117 had become part of State Route 105, which continued south from Tazewell to Glade Spring along current State Route 91.[7] This part of SR 16 north of Tazewell, along with the road south to Glade Spring, was renumbered State Route 112 in the 1928 renumbering and State Route 81 in the 1933 renumbering, not being split at Tazewell until 1940.

In 1928, the next piece of SR 16, running north and south from State Route 10 (now U.S. Route 11 in Marion, 6.8 miles (10.9 km) in each direction, was added to the state highway system as State Route 113.[8] Further extensions were added south to SR 12 (now State Route 650) in 1930 and 1931[9][10] and north for 1.90 miles (3.06 km) and 3.00 miles (4.83 km) in 1931 and 1932 respectively[11][12] (taking it to Chatham Hill). In 1932, a 4.78-mile (7.69 km) piece on the other side of Brushy Mountain was added, from SR 11 near Tazewell[13] south to SR 602 (Pleasant Hill Church Road) at Criggers.[14]

Both pieces of SR 113 - through Marion and south from Tazewell - became State Route 88 in the 1933 renumbering. In 1933 and 1934, the Marion section was extended north to State Route 42.[15][16] The final piece in Smyth County was added in 1936;[17] the gap in Tazewell County was filled in 1937 and 1938.[18][19]

The whole piece of present SR 16 from State Route 12 (now U.S. Route 58) at Mouth of Wilson southwest to North Carolina Highway 681 (now North Carolina Highway 16) was added in 1931 as State Route 139.[11] It was renumbered State Route 92 in the 1933 renumbering.

In the 1940 renumbering, the present route of State Route 16 was assigned over all of SR 92 and SR 88 and the part of SR 81 north of Tazewell. (The rest of SR 81 was simultaneously renumbered State Route 91, and U.S. Route 58 was removed from the Volney-Troutdale piece of SR 16.)[20] At the same time, North Carolina Highway 681 and West Virginia Route 12 were renumbered as North Carolina Highway 16 and West Virginia Route 16, forming a three-state route.

Major intersections[edit]

County Location Mile[1][2][3] km Destinations Notes
Grayson   0.00 0.00 NC 16 south – Jefferson Southern terminus; North Carolina state line
Mouth of Wilson 4.06 6.53 US 58 east (Wilson Highway) – Independence, Galax South end of US 58 concurrency
Volney 8.05 12.96 US 58 west (Highlands Parkway) – Damascus North end of US 58 concurrency
Smyth Dickey Gap SR 650 (Comers Creek Road) former SR 81 west
Sugar Grove SR 601 (Teas Road) – St. Clair Bottom, Teas, Thomas Bridge
SR 695 (Slemp Creek Road) – Cedar Springs former planned SR 81 east
Marion 31.15 50.13 I‑81 – Abingdon, Wytheville I-81 exit 45
32.20 51.82 SR 217 (State Street) – Southwestern Virginia Mental Health Institute
32.88 52.92 US 11 south (Main Street) – Chilhowie, Lincoln Theatre South end of US 11 concurrency
34.07 54.83 US 11 north (Main Street) to I‑81 – Wytheville North end of US 11 concurrency
  37.86 60.93 SR 348 east (Hungry Mother Drive) – Hungry Mother Park
  47.29 76.11 SR 42 west (Blue Grass Trail) – Broadford South end of SR 42 concurrency
  47.61 76.62 SR 42 east (Old Wilderness Road) – Bland North end of SR 42 concurrency
Tazewell Frog Level 63.63 102.40
US 19 Bus. south / US 460 Bus. west (Crab Orchard Road) – Bristol, Grundy
South end of US 19 Bus. / US 460 Bus. concurrency
Tazewell 65.38 105.22
SR 16 Alt. north (Fairground Road)
66.63 107.23
US 19 Bus. north / US 460 Bus. east (Fincastle Turnpike)
North end of US 19 Bus. / US 460 Bus. concurrency
67.46 108.57 US 19 / US 460 – Claypool Hill, Bluefield US 19 / US 460 exit 2
67.90 109.27 SR 61 east (East Riverside Drive)
69.20 111.37
SR 16 Alt. south (Fairground Road)
Bishop 77.58 124.85 WV 16 north – Welch Northern terminus; West Virginia state line
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

SR 16 Alternate[edit]


State Route 16 Alternate
Location: Tazewell
Length: 1.61 mi[3] (2.6 km)

State Route 16 Alternate is a primary state highway in and near the town of Tazewell, Virginia, United States. It is an alternate route of State Route 16, with both ends in Tazewell; the route is shorter than staying on SR 16 through Tazewell.

SR 16 Alternate begins at SR 16 where it overlaps U.S. Route 19/460 Business in southwestern Tazewell. It generally heads northwest, leaving the town before interchanging with the U.S. Route 19/U.S. Route 460 bypass. SR 16 Alternate re-enters Tazewell, crossing the Clinch River before ending at SR 16 in the River Jack area of Tazewell.

SR 16 Alternate was added to the primary state highway system in 1953; it had been secondary State Route 631.[21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 2010 Virginia Department of Transportation Jurisdiction Report - Daily Traffic Volume Estimates - Grayson County
  2. ^ a b 2010 Virginia Department of Transportation Jurisdiction Report - Daily Traffic Volume Estimates - Smyth County
  3. ^ a b c 2010 Virginia Department of Transportation Jurisdiction Report - Daily Traffic Volume Estimates - Tazewell County
  4. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (December 11–12, 1923) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 13. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-12-1923-01.pdf.
  5. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (November 29–December 3, 1921) (PDF). Minutes of the Meeting of the State Highway Commission and an Inspection Trip (Report). Richmond, VA, and Washington, DC: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 49. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-12-1921-01.pdf.
  6. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (May 1–2, 1923) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. pp. 10–11. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-05-1923-01.pdf.
  7. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (April 28, 1927) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Winchester, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 6. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-04-1927-02.pdf.
  8. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (August 9–10, 1928) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 13. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-08-1928-02.pdf.
  9. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (June 12, 1930) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 16. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-06-1930-01.pdf.
  10. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (December 18, 1930) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Lynchburg, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 4. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-12-1930-02.pdf.
  11. ^ a b State Highway Commission of Virginia (July 24–25, 1931) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Virginia Beach, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 70. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-07-1931-01.pdf.
  12. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (August 18, 1932) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 8. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-08-1932-03.pdf.
  13. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (July 27–29, 1932) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Marion, Roanoke, and Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 14. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-07-1932-03.pdf.
  14. ^ Virginia Department of Highways (July 1, 1936). Map of Tazewell County (Map). Cartography by Bureau of Surveys and Plans. http://lvaimage.lib.va.us/cgi-bin/vhip_annotated/vhip.pl?&map=tze.
  15. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (August 4, 1933) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 15. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-08-1933-01.pdf.
  16. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (September 19, 1934) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-09-1934-01.pdf.
  17. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (August 12, 1936) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 24. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-08-1936-01.pdf.
  18. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (November 9, 1937) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 25. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-11-1937-01.pdf.
  19. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (May 3, 1938) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 19. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-05-1938-01.pdf.
  20. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (October 10, 1940) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 9. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-10-1940-01.pdf.
  21. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (May 11–15, 1953) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Roanoke and Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 18. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-05-1953-01.pdf.

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing

SR 112 District 1 State Routes
1928–1933
SR 114 >
SR 138 District 1 State Routes
1928–1933
none