Virginia State Route 234
|Maintained by VDOT|
|Length:||33.92 mi (54.59 km)|
|Existed:||1933 – present|
|South end:||US 1 in Dumfries|
|US 29 in Groveton|
|North end:||US 15 / SR 601 near Haymarket|
State Route 234 (VA 234), formerly Virginia State Route 709 (VA 709), is a primary state highway in the U.S. state of Virginia. It runs from U.S. Route 1 near Dumfries via Independent Hill, a bypass of Manassas, and Catharpin to U.S. Route 15 near Woolsey.
For information about previous SR 234 alignments that still are useful, see Bannered routes of Virginia State Route 234.
SR 234 begins at an intersection with US 1 (Jefferson Davis Highway) on the northern edge of the town of Dumfries. The state highway heads northwest as Dumfries Road, a six-lane divided highway that meets I-95 at a partial cloverleaf interchange. North of Dumfries, SR 234 parallels Quantico Creek and follows the border of Prince William Forest Park to the southwest. The state highway also passes many residential subdivisions on the highway's northbound side in the community of Montclair, where the highway reduces to four lanes at Country Club Drive. SR 234 curves to the north at Independent Hill, which the highway bypasses. The old alignment through the village, which contains the remains of the Greenwood Gold Mine, is designated SR 234 Old. SR 234 passes through the communities of Canova, Cornwell, and Lake Jackson, where the highway crosses the Occoquan River just east of the community's namesake reservoir. Just north of Lake Jackson, the state highway intersects Prince William Parkway (SR 294), which connects Manassas and Woodbridge.
Just north of Prince William Parkway, Dumfries Road turns north toward the city of Manassas as SR 234 Business. SR 234 continues northwest as Prince William Parkway, a four-lane divided highway western bypass of Manassas. The state highway passes to the east of Manassas Regional Airport, which is accessed via Clover Hill Road. Just north of the airport, SR 234 crosses over Norfolk Southern Railway's Washington District rail line, which is also used by Virginia Railway Express's Manassas Line, whose western terminus is at the Broad Run/Airport just to the west in the community of Bristow. Just north of the rail line, the state highway meets SR 28 (Nokesville Road) at a three-level interchange featuring flyover ramps from both directions of SR 28 to SR 234. SR 234 continues north past the Prince William Campus of George Mason University, which features the Hylton Performing Arts Center, then intersects SR 674 (Wellington Road) and Sudley Manor Drive, which connects Linton Hall to the southwest with Bull Run to the northeast. SR 234 continues northwest, intersecting Balls Ford Road before reaching a trumpet interchange with I-66. SR 234 joins the Interstate in a concurrency east to a partial cloverleaf interchange with Sudley Road, where SR 234 leaves the concurrency and meets the northern end of SR 234 Business.
SR 234 heads north from I-66 as a four-lane divided highway that reduces to two lanes at the entrance to the Manassas Campus of Northern Virginia Community College and enters Manassas National Battlefield Park, site of the First and Second Battles of Bull Run. The state highway intersects US 29 (Lee Highway) within the battlefield park. After leaving the preserve, SR 234 passes through the community of Sudley Springs, where the highway crosses Little Bull Run and curves to the west. The state highway heads through the community of Catharpin before reaching its northern terminus at US 15 (James Madison Highway) in the hamlet of Woolsey north of Haymarket.
Most of SR 234 southeast of Manassas, for 15.85 miles (25.51 km) from State Route 28 in Manassas towards State Route 31 (U.S. Route 1) at Dumfries, was added to the state highway system in 1928 as State Route 709. The final 2.50 miles (4.02 km) were added in 1929, making SR 709 a continuous Manassas-Dumfries route.
In the other direction, from Manassas northwest towards Gilberts Corner, 6.42 miles (10.33 km) were added in 1930 and 1931. In 1932, the rest of the road to Gilberts Corner, now State Route 705 and U.S. Route 15 north of Catharpin, was added to the state highway system.
SR 709 became State Route 234 in the 1933 renumbering, as did State Route 721 (Brunswick, Maryland to south of Purcellville, now State Route 287 and part of State Route 690). The gap from U.S. Route 50 at Aldie (west of Gilberts Corner) northwest to Philomont on State Route 734 and then north towards Purcellville on SR 690 was never filled.
In the 1940 renumbering, the northern piece of SR 234 (through Purcellville) became part of State Route 17. SR 234 was rerouted to continue northwest on SR 734 from Philomont to Bluemont (also never transferred to the primary system), where it absorbed the short State Route 245 to State Route 7. At the same time, a short piece of SR 234 south of Gilberts Corner also became U.S. Route 15. Also around that time, SR 234 was rerouted to head west rather than northwest from Catharpin, using a longer piece of new US 15 (from Woolsey north to Gilberts Corner). The piece at Bluemont was transferred to the secondary system in 1943, truncating SR 234 back to Gilberts Corner and beyond to its current end at US 15.
The 2005 widening of SR 234 to four lanes in the areas of Independent Hill and Canova have resulted in some minor realignments. A former stretch of SR 234 through Canova has been renamed Canova Drive, and SR 234 was moved about 1 block east. At Independent Hill, Bristow Road has been extended onto former SR 234, and SR 234 itself was realigned about 300 meters north.
During the late 1990s the SR 234 Bypass was constructed to route through traffic from I-66 to the southeast around downtown Manassas. The existing portion of SR 234 was renamed SR 234 Business.
A completed portion of the bypass was used prior to it being open to traffic as a scene in the 1998 disaster film, Deep Impact. About 2,100 extras and 1,870 vehicles were used to stage the traffic jam scene for that film.
Future construction will extend Route 234 from its current southern terminus at U.S. Route 1 through the communities of Southbridge and Harbor Station down to the Potomac River. A separated grade interchange will facilitate traffic through the intersection between Route 234 and U.S. 1. There is a proposal currently being considered by the Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT) for the Tri-County Parkway that would include extending SR 234 (the "Manassas Bypass") along Pageland Road to Catharpin where it would meet up with the present SR 234 . This would have the effect of making the portion of SR 234 between Pageland Road and I-66 part of SR 234 Business.
The entire route is in Prince William County.
|Dumfries||0.00||US 1 (Jefferson Davis Highway) – Woodbridge, Quantico||Southern terminus|
|0.55||I-95 – Fredericksburg, Alexandria||I-95 Exit 152; partial cloverleaf interchange|
|Independent Hill||SR 619 west (Bristow Road)||Old alignment of SR 234|
SR 234 Old south (Independent Hill Road)
|Lake Jackson||SR 294 south (Prince William Parkway) / SR 649 south (Brentsville Road) – Woodbridge|
SR 234 Bus. (Dumfries Road) – Manassas
|18.20||SR 28 (Nokesville Road) – Manassas, Nokesville||Three-level interchange|
|20.31||SR 674 (Wellington Road) – Manassas, Gainesville|
|22.75||I-66 west – Front Royal||I-66 Exit 44; trumpet interchange; south end of concurrency with I-66|
I-66 east / SR 234 Bus. south (Sudley Road) – Manassas, Washington
|I-66 Exit 47; partial cloverleaf interchange; north end of concurrency with I-66|
|Groveton||26.33||US 29 (Lee Highway) – Centreville, Gainesville|
|Haymarket||33.92||US 15 (James Madison Highway) / SR 601 west (Waterfall Road) – Leesburg, Warrenton||Northern terminus|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- "Daily Traffic Volume Estimates Jurisdiction Report: Prince William County" (PDF). Virginia Department of Transportation. 2009. Retrieved 2011-01-02.
- Google Inc. "Virginia State Route 234". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=d&source=s_d&saddr=US-1+S&daddr=I-66+E+to:VA-234+N%2FSudley+Rd&hl=en&geocode=FcqbTAIdxEVk-w%3BFXEJUAIdN8dg-w%3BFYQeUQIdFmJf-w&mra=ls&sll=38.799316,-77.554893&sspn=0.122813,0.308647&ie=UTF8&t=h&z=10. Retrieved 2011-01-02.
- State Highway Commission (August 9–10, 1928) (PDF). Minutes of the Meeting of the State Highway Commission of Virginia (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-08-1928-02.pdf., page 24
- State Highway Commission (August 15, 1929) (PDF). Minutes of the Meeting of the State Highway Commission of Virginia (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-08-1929-01.pdf., page 18
- State Highway Commission (December 18, 1930) (PDF). Minutes of the Meeting of the State Highway Commission of Virginia (Report). Lynchburg, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-12-1930-02.pdf., page 22
- State Highway Commission (July 27–29, 1932) (PDF). Minutes of the Meeting of the State Highway Commission of Virginia (Report). Marion, Roanoke, and Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-07-1932-03.pdf., page 24
- State Highway Commission (August 18, 1932) (PDF). Minutes of the Meeting of the State Highway Commission of Virginia (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-08-1932-03.pdf., page 9
- State Highway Commission (October 10, 1940) (PDF). Minutes of the Meeting of the State Highway Commission of Virginia (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-10-1940-01.pdf., pages 9 and 15
- State Highway Commission (September 25, 1941) (PDF). Minutes of the Meeting of the State Highway Commission of Virginia (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-09-1941-01.pdf., page 16
- State Highway Commission (May 12, 1943) (PDF). Minutes of the Meeting of the State Highway Commission of Virginia (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-05-1943-01.pdf., page 23
- House Bill 1656
- IMDB.com - Trivia for Deep Impact, retrieved 20 September 2007
- Film Scouts - Deep Impact: About the production, retrieved 20 September 2007
- Tri-County Parkway Location Study Page 15. "Segment 2" definition. Retrieved October 18, 2009
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