Virginia State Route 5

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For the former State Route 5, see State Route 5 (Virginia 1918-1923).

State Route 5 marker

State Route 5
Route information
Maintained by VDOT
Length: 54.96 mi[1] (88.45 km)
Existed: 1933 – present
Major junctions
West end: US 60 in Richmond
  SR 895 near Richmond
I‑295 near Richmond
SR 199 near Williamsburg
East end: SR 143 in Williamsburg
Location
Counties: City of Richmond, Henrico, Charles City, James City, City of Williamsburg
Highway system
SR 4 SR 6

State Route 5 (SR 5) runs between the independent cities of Richmond and Williamsburg in the U.S. state of Virginia. Between Charles City County and James City County, it crosses the Chickahominy River via the Judith Stewart Dresser Bridge, a fixed-span bridge which replaced historic Barrett's Ferry and the former drawbridge.

The entire length of SR 5 outside Richmond and Williamsburg is a Virginia Byway.

Route description[edit]

For much of its distance, SR 5 generally parallels the north bank of the James River. It passes through three of the original 8 shires created in the Colony of Virginia in 1634 by King Charles I of England. These are Henrico County, Charles City County, and James City County.

James River plantations[edit]

Some of the larger and older of the extant James River Plantations are along the route. All are non-government-owned, and houses and/or grounds are generally open daily to visitors with various admission fees applicable. From west to east, these are the Shirley Plantation, Edgewood Plantation, Berkeley Plantation, Westover Plantation, Evelynton Plantation, Belle Air Plantation, Piney Grove at Southall's Plantation, North Bend Plantation and Sherwood Forest Plantation.

History[edit]

The first piece of SR 5 was added to the state highway system in 1923, running west from Charles City for 18.5 miles (29.8 km) towards Richmond,[2] and was numbered State Route 41.[3] Three more miles (5 km) were added in 1924,[4] 6.39 miles (10.28 km) were added in 1925,[5] and the remaining 3.5 miles (5.6 km), taking it to the Richmond city limits, were added in 1927.[6]

An extension to the east, heading north from Charles City to State Route 39 (now U.S. Route 60) at Providence Forge, was added in 1926.[7] However, this became State Route 413 in the 1928 renumbering, since a new alignment of SR 41, heading east from Charles City towards Williamsburg for eight miles (13 km), was added to the state highway system, as was a 4.5-mile (7.2 km) piece at the other end, heading west from State Route 510 (now State Route 31).[8] A further 3.50 miles (5.63 km) from the west and 2.80 miles (4.51 km) from the east were added in 1930 and 1931,[9] and, in 1932, the route was completed from Richmond to Williamsburg, with 3.00 miles (4.83 km) from the west and 1.70 miles (2.74 km) from the east.[10]

Virginia State Route 5 in Charles City County, near the Henrico County line

The road from State Route 32 (now U.S. Route 15) at Zion Crossroads east to Oilville was added to the state highway system by 1923 as State Route 321.[11] Extensiens east from Oilville were added for four miles (6 km) in 1924,[12] six miles (10 km) in 1925,[5] and 7.5 miles (12.1 km) in 1926.[13] By 1927, SR 321 became an extension of SR 41 west from Richmond, and that year the former SR 321 was extended 3.5 miles (5.6 km), the rest of the way to Richmond.[6]

SR 321/SR 41 was also extended west for 2.0 miles (3.2 km) in 1926,[7] two more miles in 1927,[6] and 5.4 miles (8.7 km) - the rest of the way to State Route 39 (now State Route 22) at Shadwell - in 1928.[14]

In Richmond, SR 41 initially used Broad Street, a hairpin turn through Chimborazo Park, Fulton Street, Williamsburg Road, Hatcher Street, Newton Road, and New Osborne Turnpike.[15][16]

State Route 39 from Shadwell west to Monterey, now U.S. Route 250, was part of the initial 1918 state highway system (numbered State Route 9 until 1923). It initially continued west from Monterey on present US 250,[17] but by 1924 it used current State Route 84 west to West Virginia. The road west from Monterey towards West Virginia Route 56[18] (now U.S. Route 250) for 7.86 miles (12.65 km) was added to the state highway system in 1930[19] and 1932 as State Route 835;[20] the remaining mileage to the state line was added in 1933.[21]

In the 1933 renumbering, State Routes 41 and 835 both became part of a new State Route 5, as did the piece of State Route 39 from Monterey to Shadwell. By 1935,[22] the whole route west of Richmond became an extension of U.S. Route 250 into Virginia, truncating SR 5 to its present Richmond-Williamsburg route.

SR 5 was extended east along State Route 31 through Williamsburg to State Route 168 (now State Route 143) "to improve the service to travelers interchanging between Route 5 and Routes 60 and 168" in 1958.[23] SR 31 has since been truncated to the SR 5 junction.

Major intersections[edit]

County Location Mile[1] km Destinations Notes
City of Richmond 0.00 0.00 US 60 west (East Main Street) / 25th Street West end of US 60 overlap
0.30 0.48 US 60 east (Williamsburg Avenue) East end of US 60 overlap
Henrico Oakland New Osborne Turnpike former SR 146 north
  5.01 8.06 To SR 895 / US 60 / Laburnum Avenue
  Battlefield Park Road - Fort Harrison (Richmond National Battlefield Park) former SR 156 south
  8.35 13.44 I‑295 – Washington, Rocky Mount, NC Exit 22 (I-295)
  13.05 21.00 SR 156 north (Willis Church Road) – Seven Pines, Mechanicsville West end of SR 156 overlap
Charles City   19.11 30.75 SR 106 / SR 156 south (Roxbury Road) – Hopewell, Prince George, Benjamin Harrison Memorial Bridge East end of SR 156 overlap
Charles City 28.48 45.83 SR 155 north / SR 644 (Courthouse Road) – Providence Forge, Charles City CH
Chickahominy River 41.76 67.21 Barrett's Ferry Bridge
James City   SR 5000 east (Monticello Avenue) – Williamsburg
  SR 614 (Greensprings Road) – Jamestown
Five Forks SR 615 (Ironbound Road) – Dunbar, Jamestown
  49.95 80.39 SR 199 west to SR 321 / SR 616 – Williamsburg West end of SR 199 overlap
City of Williamsburg 50.41 81.13 SR 31 south (Jamestown Road) / SR 199 east – Newport News, Jamestown, Busch Gardens East end of SR 199 overlap
52.34 84.23 SR 132 south (South Henry Street) to SR 199 / Francis Street – Busch Gardens, to Colonial Parkway, William & Mary Law School West end of SR 132 overlap
52.72 84.84 SR 132 north (North Henry Street) to I‑64 / Lafayette Street – Colonial Williamsburg Visitor Center, Colonial Parkway East end of SR 132 overlap; former SR 162 west
53.78 86.55 US 60 east (York Street) / Page Street to Francis Street – Busch Gardens West end of US 60 overlap
Second Street former SR 162 east
54.34 87.45 US 60 west (Bypass Road) – Colonial Williamsburg Visitor Center, Colonial Parkway East end of US 60 overlap
54.96 88.45 SR 143 (Capitol Landing Road / Merrimac Trail) to I‑64
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Road names[edit]

Location Name Notes
City of Richmond E. Main Street Western terminus
Henrico County Old Osborne Turnpike
Osborne Turnpike
New Market Road
Charles City County John Tyler Memorial Highway
James City County
City of Williamsburg Humelsine Parkway Concurrency with SR 199
Jamestown Road
S. Boundary Street
W. Francis Street
Henry Street (South/North) Concurrency with SR 132
Lafayette Street Old SR 162 alignment
Page Street
Capitol Landing Road Eastern terminus

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 2010 Virginia Department of Transportation Jurisdiction Report - Daily Traffic Volume Estimates - City of Richmond
    2010 Virginia Department of Transportation Jurisdiction Report - Daily Traffic Volume Estimates - Henrico County
    2010 Virginia Department of Transportation Jurisdiction Report - Daily Traffic Volume Estimates - Charles City County
    2010 Virginia Department of Transportation Jurisdiction Report - Daily Traffic Volume Estimates - James City County
  2. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (March 26–28, 1923) (PDF). Minutes of the Tenth Meeting of the State Highway Commission (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 21. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-03-1923-02.pdf.
  3. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (June 7–8, 1923) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Sussex and Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 7. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-06-1923-01.pdf.
  4. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (April 10–11, 1924) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 7. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-04-1924-01.pdf.
  5. ^ a b State Highway Commission of Virginia (February 25, 1925) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 4. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-02-1925-01.pdf.
  6. ^ a b c State Highway Commission of Virginia (March 11, 1927) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 9. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-03-1927-01.pdf.
  7. ^ a b State Highway Commission of Virginia (May 5–7, 1926) (PDF). Minutes of a Special Meeting Held by the State Highway Commission (Report). Roanoke and Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. pp. 19, 21. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-05-1926-01.pdf.
  8. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (August 9–10, 1928) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. pp. 28, 31. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-08-1928-02.pdf.
  9. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (December 18, 1930) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Lynchburg, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. pp. 10, 14. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-12-1930-02.pdf.
  10. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (July 27–29, 1932) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Marion, Roanoke, and Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. pp. 18, 20. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-07-1932-03.pdf.
  11. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (December 11–12, 1923) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 12. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-12-1923-01.pdf.
  12. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (April 10–11, 1924) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 8. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-04-1924-01.pdf.
  13. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (May 5–7, 1926) (PDF). Minutes of a Special Meeting Held by the State Highway Commission (Report). Roanoke and Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. pp. 19, 22. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-05-1926-01.pdf.
  14. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (August 9–10, 1928) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. pp. 22–3. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-08-1928-02.pdf.
  15. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (July 19, 1932) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 11. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-07-1932-02.pdf.
  16. ^ Map of Henrico County, 1930s
  17. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (July 5, 1922) (PDF). Minutes of the First Meeting of the State Highway Commission Created Under the Acts of 1922 (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-07-1922-01.pdf. "Proposed 'State Highway System' for Virginia, as Recommended by the State Roads Committee, January, 1918"
  18. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (April 10–11, 1924) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 5. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-04-1924-01.pdf.
  19. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (December 18, 1930) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Lynchburg, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 24. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-12-1930-02.pdf.
  20. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (July 27–29, 1932) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Marion, Roanoke, and Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 26. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-07-1932-03.pdf.
  21. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (October 19, 1933) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 23. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-10-1933-01.pdf.
  22. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (August 17, 1935) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Commonwealth of Virginia. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-08-1935-02.pdf. "Route 250, Broad Street Road, just east of Hungary Springs Road"
  23. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (August 28, 1958) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 64. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-08-1958-01.pdf.

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing

SR 40 Two‑digit State Routes
1923-1933
SR 42 >
none Spurs of SR 32
1923-1928
SR 322 >
SR 834 District 8 State Routes
1928–1933
SR 836 >