State and Region Hluttaws

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Burma (also known as Myanmar) is divided into twenty-one administrative subdivisions, which include seven states (ပြည်နယ်; pyi ne, IPA: [pjìnɛ̀]), seven regions (တိုင်းဒေသကြီး; taing detha gyi, IPA: [táiɴ dèθa̰ dʑí]), six self-administered zones and one self-administered division (Wa Self-Administered Division). The regions were called divisions prior to August 2010,[1]

Each State and Region has a State Hlutttaw or Regional Hlutttaw made up of elected civilian members and representatives of the Armed Forces. The Constitution of Burma grants the Myanmar Armed Forces' Commander-in-Chief the right to appoint military officials to 1/3 of parliament seats, based on the number of elected MPs. The number of seats in each State or Region Hluttaw depends on the number of townships (each township constituency has 2 MPs), as well as ethnic representatives. The largest Hluttaws are the Shan State and Yangon Region Hluttaws, with 143 and 123 seats respectively, while the smallest are the Kayah State and Kayin State Hluttaws, which have 20 and 22 respectively.

The Current Hlutttaws were elected in the Burmese general election on 7 November 2010 and were first convened on 31 January 2011.[2] The majority party in all of the State and Region Hluttaws is the government-backed Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP), with the exception of Rakhine State Hluttaw, which is led by the Rakhine Nationalities Development Party. In July 2011, Maung Kyaw Thein, a Rakhine Nationalities Development Party MP representing Pauktaw Township, was disqualified by the Union Election Commission for allegedly defaming USDP and the State Peace and Development Council during the election campaign.[3]

Region Hluttaws[edit]

State Hluttaws[edit]

Leaders of the State and Regional Hluttaws in Burma[edit]

Name Party Constituency Position
Kachin
Lajun Ngan Sai USDP Tanai 1 Chairperson
Rawajon USDP Machanbaw 1 Speaker
Sai Myint Kyaw USDP Phakant 2 Deputy Speaker
Kayah
Khin Maung Oo USDP Bawlekhe 1 Chairperson
Kyaw Swe USDP Loikaw 1 Speaker
Maung Maung Aye USDP Shadaw 2 Deputy Speaker
Karen
Brig. Gen. Zaw Min Military Chairperson
Saw Aung Kyaw Min USDP Kyainseikkyi 1 Speaker
Mahn Hla Myaing USDP Kawkereik 1 Deputy Speaker
Chin
Hong Ngai USDP Mindap 2 Chairperson
Hauk Khim Kham USDP Tunzan 2 Speaker
Ohn Lwin USDP Matupi 1 Deputy Speaker
Sagaing
Tin Ngwe USDP Wetlet 1 Chairperson
Thin Hlaing USDP Kantbalu 1 Speaker
Thaung Sein USDP Pale 2 Deputy Speaker
Tanintharyi
Myat Ko USDP Dawei 2 Chairperson
Htin Aung Kyaw USDP Pulaw 2 Speaker
Nyi Win USDP Kawthaung 1 Deputy Speaker
Pegu
Nyan Win USDP Zigon 1 Chairperson
Win Tin USDP Pegu 1 Speaker
Win Myint Soe USDP Gyobinkauk 2 Deputy Speaker
Magwe
Phone Maw Shwe USDP Minbu 1 Chairperson
Ye Myint USDP Magwe 1 Speaker
Saw Win Maung USDP Taungdwingyi 2 Deputy Speaker
Mandalay
Aung Zan USDP Myingyan 2 Chairperson
Win Maung USDP Taungtha 2 Speaker
Aung Htay Kyaw USDP Pyinoolwin (May Myo) 1 Deputy Speaker
Mon
Ohn Myint USDP Mudon 1 Chairperson
Kyin Pe USDP Chaungson 2 Speaker
Htay Lwin USDP Kyaikto 1 Deputy Speaker
Rakhine
Hla Maung Tin USDP Ann 1 Chairperson
Htein Lin USDP Gwa 1 Speaker
Thar Nyunt USDP Manaung 2 Deputy Speaker
Rangoon
Maung Maung Win USDP Shwepyithar 1 Chairperson
Sein Tin Win USDP Kungyankon 2 Speaker
Tin Aung USDP Dagon myothit Deputy Speaker
Shan
Sai Tun Yin USDP Taunggyi 1 Chairperson
Sai Lone Sai USDP Kentung 1 Speaker
Sai Kham Hmat USDP Lashio 2 Deputy Speaker
Irrawaddy
Thein Aung USDP Ingapu 1 Chairperson
San Tint USDP Yekyi 1 Speaker
Dr. Htein Win USDP Kyaunggon 1 Deputy Speaker
Source: Mizzima

San Sint, Speaker of Ayeyarwady Region Hluttaw, was nominated as Minister of Religious Affairs by President Thein Sein on 31 January 2013 and sacked from that minister post on 19 June 2014.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]